Irish Republican Brotherhood facts for kids

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Irish Republican Brotherhood
Bráithreachas Phoblacht na hÉirean
Slogan Erin go bragh
Founded 1858
Dissolved 1924
Preceded by Young Ireland
Newspaper The Irish People
Ideology Irish republicanism
Irish nationalism
National affiliation Irish Volunteers (1913–1917)
Irish Republican Army (1917–1922)
Irish Army (1922–1924)
American affiliate Fenian Brotherhood (1858–1867)
Clan na Gael (1867–1924)
Colours Green & Gold

The Irish Republican Brotherhood was a secret oath-bound fraternal organisation dedicated to the establishment of an "independent democratic republic" in Ireland between 1858 and 1924. Its counterpart in the United States of America was organised by John O'Mahony and became known as the Fenian Brotherhood (later Clan na Gael).

The members of both wings of the movement are often referred to as "Fenians". The IRB played an important role in the history of Ireland, as the chief advocate of republicanism during the campaign for Ireland's independence from the United Kingdom, successor to movements such as the United Irishmen of the 1790s and the Young Irelanders of the 1840s.

As part of the New Departure of the 1870s–80s, IRB members attempted to democratise the Home Rule League. and its successor, the Irish Parliamentary Party, as well as taking part in the Land War. The IRB staged the Easter Rising in 1916, which led to the establishment of the first Dáil Éireann in 1919. The suppression of Dáil Éireann precipitated the Irish War of Independence and the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921, ultimately leading to the establishment of the Irish Free State, which excluded the territory of Northern Ireland.

Formation

The IRB was started at the same time in Dublin and in New York in 1858. It was started by a number of men who had been connected with the 1848 rebellion in Ireland. They were a very mysterious organization. They believed the only way to get freedom for Ireland was by using force.

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Irish Republican Brotherhood Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.