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John Mitchel
John Mitchel (Young Ireland).JPG
John Mitchel
Born (1815-11-03)3 November 1815
Camnish, County Londonderry, Ireland
Died 20 March 1875(1875-03-20) (aged 59)
Newry, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Occupation Journalist, Author, Soldier
Known for Irish republican and member of the Young Irelanders

John Mitchel (3 November 1815 – 20 March 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, author, and political journalist. Born in Camnish, near Dungiven, County Londonderry and reared in Newry, he became a leading member of both Young Ireland and the Irish Confederation. He was transported to Van Diemens Land and but later escaped to the United States in the 1850s, where he became a pro-slavery editorial voice.

Mitchel supported the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, and two of his sons died fighting for the Confederate cause. He was elected to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in 1875 but was disqualified because he was a convicted felon. His Jail Journal is one of Irish nationalism's most famous texts.

Legacy

John Mitchel 1815-1875 (here-lived plaque) (close-up)
John Mitchel plaque

A significant number of Gaelic Athletic Association clubs are named in his honour, including Newry Mitchel's GFC in his home town, John Mitchel's Claudy, Castlebar Mitchels GAA, John Mitchel's Glenullin, John Mitchel's Liverpool and others both north and south of the border, as well as several in England and Australia.

A statue to Mitchel was also erected by the people of Newry, and is located at John Mitchel Place, an extension of Newry's main street, Hill Street.

Mitchel Park is named after him in Dungiven, Northern Ireland, as is Mitchell County, Iowa, in the United States.

Fort Mitchel on Spike Island is named in his honour.

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