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Jacksonville, Alabama facts for kids

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Jacksonville Square
Jacksonville Square
"Education – Commerce – Heritage"
Location of Jacksonville in Calhoun County, Alabama.
Location of Jacksonville in Calhoun County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Calhoun
 • Total 10.92 sq mi (28.28 km2)
 • Land 10.91 sq mi (28.25 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
709 ft (216 m)
 • Total 14,385
 • Density 1,318.76/sq mi (509.19/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 256
FIPS code 01-38272
GNIS feature ID 0159857

Jacksonville is a city in Calhoun County, Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 12,548, which is a 49% increase since 2000. It is included in the Anniston-Oxford Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jacksonville State University is located here, which is a center of commerce and one of the largest employers in the area.


Jacksonville was founded in 1833 on land purchased from Creek Indian Chief "Du-Hoag" Ladiga. First called Drayton, the town was renamed to honor President Andrew Jackson in 1834. There are a couple Civil War monuments in town, including a statue of Major John Pelham in the city cemetery and a statue of a Confederate soldier in the middle of the square. Jacksonville served as the county seat for Calhoun County until the 20th century when it moved to Anniston. Jacksonville State University was founded here in 1883.


Nestled in the foothills of the Appalachians, Jacksonville is located at 33°48'56.758" North, 85°45'37.681" West (33.815766, -85.760467).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.8 square miles (25.5 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.10%, is water. Jacksonville is located in a valley between Choccolocco Mountain to the east and smaller ridges to the west.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 716
1860 703 −1.8%
1870 958 36.3%
1880 882 −7.9%
1890 1,237 40.2%
1900 1,176 −4.9%
1910 2,231 89.7%
1920 2,395 7.4%
1930 2,840 18.6%
1940 2,995 5.5%
1950 4,751 58.6%
1960 5,678 19.5%
1970 7,715 35.9%
1980 9,735 26.2%
1990 10,283 5.6%
2000 8,404 −18.3%
2010 12,548 49.3%
2020 14,385 14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Jacksonville racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,826 54.4%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,085 35.35%
Native American 24 0.17%
Asian 334 2.32%
Pacific Islander 17 0.12%
Other/Mixed 646 4.49%
Hispanic or Latino 453 3.15%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,385 people, 4,518 households, and 2,472 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,548 people, 4,917 households, and 2,466 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,275 people per square mile (492.2/km2). There were 5,382 housing units at an average density of 546.4 per square mile (210.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.7% White, 26.8% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. 2.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,917 households, out of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.5% were married couples living together, marriage 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.8% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 17.2% under the age of 18, 32.6% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,987, and the median income for a family was $50,863. Males had a median income of $35,615 versus $26,975 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,063. About 17.6% of families and 28.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.


Two Alabama state routes pass through Jacksonville:

  • State Route 21 (Pelham Road)
  • State Route 204 (Nisbet Street)


Jacksonville is the home of Jacksonville State University, a public, coeducational university with an enrollment of almost 10,000. It offers degrees in business, communication, education, family sciences, liberal arts and sciences, nursing and technology in addition to continuing education programs. The university's campus is located a few blocks north of the square.

Jacksonville is home to two public schools run by Jacksonville City Schools:

  • Jacksonville High School (Grades 7-12).

There are also two public schools located northwest of the city proper that serve the unincorporated communities of Pleasant Valley and Williams and are run by Calhoun County Schools:

  • Pleasant Valley High School
  • Pleasant Valley Elementary School

There is also a Christian school called Jacksonville Christian Academy (JCA) located within the city.

The Calhoun County Center for the Arts offers classes through the Community Center.

Notable people

  • Rick Bragg, Alabama writer who won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing in 1996 while working for The New York Times
  • Glen Browder, U.S. Representative from 1989 to 1997 and professor of political science at Jacksonville State University.
  • John Henry Caldwell, U.S. Representative from 1873 to 1877.
  • William Crutchfield, U.S. Representative from 1873 to 1875. Lived in Jacksonville from 1844 to 1850.
  • Todd Cunningham, Major League Baseball center fielder
  • John Horace Forney, major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
  • William H. Forney, U.S. Representative from 1875 to 1893
  • Riley Green, country music singer
  • James A. Haley, U.S. Representative representing Florida from 1953 to 1977.
  • Thomas C. Hindman, lawyer, United States Representative from the 1st Congressional District of Arkansas, and a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
  • Harvey Jackson III, notable Alabama historian
  • Lilly Ledbetter, women's equality activist and plaintiff in the American employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.
  • Darrell Malone, former National Football League cornerback
  • Herman Clarence Nixon, political scientist, historian, and member of the Nashville-based Southern Agrarians
  • John Pelham, celebrated Confederate officer
  • Neel Reid, prominent early-twentieth century architect
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