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Jasper, Alabama
City of Jasper
Jasper sign (1 of 1).jpg
Motto(s): 
"Experience from the past, knowledge for the future."
Location of Jasper in Walker County, Alabama.
Location of Jasper in Walker County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.84222°N 87.27722°W / 33.84222; -87.27722
Country United States
State Alabama
County Walker
Area
 • Total 29.66 sq mi (76.83 km2)
 • Land 29.33 sq mi (75.97 km2)
 • Water 0.33 sq mi (0.86 km2)
Elevation
328 ft (100 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 14,572
 • Density 496.81/sq mi (191.82/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
35501-35504
Area code(s) 205, 659
FIPS code 01-38416
GNIS feature ID 0120822
Website http://www.jaspercity.com/

Jasper is a city in and the county seat of Walker County, Alabama, United States. Its population was 14,352 as of the 2010 census. Named in honor of Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero, Jasper was settled around 1815 and incorporated on August 18, 1886.

The first significant growth of the area was in 1886, when the Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham Railroad and the Sheffield & Birmingham Railroads were completed through Jasper. The population grew from 200 people in 1886 to more than 3,000 in 1890. In a special edition in 1891, the Mountain Eagle stated there were six coal mines, two sandstone quarries, 400 coke ovens, one foundry and machine shop, two saw mills, one brick works, four hotels, and two banks.

History

Jasper, named in honor of Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero, was settled around 1815, but was not incorporated until August 18, 1886.

During the Civil War, Union troops marching toward Selma burned the courthouse and several other buildings in town and raided neighboring farms for supplies.

The first significant growth of the area was realized in 1886, when the Kansas City-Memphis & Birmingham and the Sheffield & Birmingham Railroads were completed through Jasper. The population grew from 200 people in 1886 to more than 3,000 in 1890. In a special edition in 1891, the Mountain Eagle stated there were six coal mines, two sandstone quarries, 400 coke ovens, one foundry and machine shop, two saw mills, one brick works, four hotels, and two banks.

President Franklin Roosevelt visited the town in 1940 to attend a memorial service for his friend and supporter, William Bankhead.

Historic sites

Jasper has several sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include the John Hollis Bankhead House, First United Methodist Church, Jasper Downtown Historic District, and Walker County Hospital.

Geography

Jasper is located at 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.84222°N 87.27722°W / 33.84222; -87.27722 (33.842347, -87.277174).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.9 square miles (70 km2), of which 26.9 square miles (70 km2) is land and 0.04% is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 269
1890 780 190.0%
1900 1,661 112.9%
1910 2,509 51.1%
1920 3,246 29.4%
1930 5,313 63.7%
1940 6,847 28.9%
1950 8,589 25.4%
1960 10,799 25.7%
1970 10,798 0.0%
1980 11,894 10.2%
1990 13,553 13.9%
2000 14,052 3.7%
2010 14,352 2.1%
2020 14,572 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census, there were 14,052 people, 5,728 households, and 3,809 families living in the city. The population density was 523.0 people per square mile (201.9/km2). There were 6,473 housing units at an average density of 240.9 per square mile (93.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.15% White, 13.98% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.7% some other race, and 1.4% two or more races. 4.4% of the population was Hispanic.

Of the 5,728 households 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.7% of households were one person and 13.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 2.93.

The age distribution was 21.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% 65 or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median household income was $41,586 and the median family income was $54,059. Males had a median income of $51,548 versus $35,248 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,927. About 14.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 14,352 people, 5,760 households, and 3,831 families living in the city. The population density was 533.5 people per square mile (206.2/km2). There were 6,478 housing units at an average density of 241 per square mile (93/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 13.4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.l.

Of the 5,760 households 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 31.1% of households were one person and 14.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.33, and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median household income was $33,044 and the median family income was $43,674. Males had a median income of $35,182 versus $22,868 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,491. About 10.2% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

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