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José Alfredo Jiménez
Birth name José Alfredo Jiménez Sandoval
Also known as "El Rey", "El Dios de la Música Ranchera", "El Padrino de la Música Ranchera", "El Poeta del Pueblo".
Born (1926-01-19)19 January 1926
Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Mexico
Died 23 November 1973(1973-11-23) (aged 47)
Mexico City, Mexico
Genres Regional Mexican, Canción ranchera, Corrido, Mariachi.
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter
Associated acts

José Alfredo Jiménez Sandoval ( 19 January 1926 – 23 November 1973) was a Mexican singer-songwriter of rancheras, whose songs are considered the basis of modern Mexican music.

Biography

Jiménez was born in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Mexico. According to the singer Miguel Aceves Mejía, he did not play an instrument and did not even know the Spanish word for "waltz" or what "keys" his songs were in. Nonetheless, he composed more than 1,000 songs. Among the most famous are "Yo", Me equivoqué contigo", "Ella", "Paloma querida","Que se me acabe la Vida ", "Tú y la mentira", "Media vuelta", "El Rey", "Sin sangre en las venas", "El jinete", "Si nos dejan", "Amanecí en tus brazos", "Llegando a ti", "Tu recuerdo y yo", El hijo del pueblo", "Cuando el destino", "El caballo blanco", "Llegó borracho el Borracho" and "Que te vaya bonito", as well as "Camino de Guanajuato", where he sang about his home state of Guanajuato.

Tumba de José Alfredo Jiménez
The themed José Alfredo Jiménez' tomb in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato; it attracts visitors from around the world

In addition to his own recordings, many of his songs have been recorded by renowned artists from around the Spanish-speaking world, most notably by the following artists: Selena, which she sang “Cuando Nadie Te Quiera”, Miguel Aceves Mejía, Enrique Bunbury, Antonio Aguilar, Luis Aguilar, Lola Beltrán, Vikki Carr, Gualberto Castro, Rocío Dúrcal, Alejandro Fernández, Pedro Fernández, Vicente Fernández, Los Relámpagos Del Norte con Cornelio Reyna y Ramón Ayala, Los Tigres del Norte, Manolo García, Little Joe Hernández & The Latinaires, Julio Iglesias, Pedro Infante, the Mexican rock group Maná, Luis Miguel, Jorge Negrete, Sunny Ozuna & The Sunliners, María Dolores Pradera, Javier Solís, and Chavela Vargas. In addition, Joaquín Sabina paid homage to Jiménez with his song, "Por el Bulevar de los Sueños Rotos" ("On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams"). The country artist Luke Tan recorded a disc of his favorite Jiménez songs in Spanish, including some English translations.

Like many of his contemporary stars, such as Jorge Negrete, Pedro Infante, and Javier Solís, Jiménez died young. He was only forty-seven years old when he died in Mexico City, of complications resulting from cirrhosis of the liver.

One of his last appearances on Mexican television occurred in 1973, just months prior to his death, where he introduced his last song, "Gracias", accompanied by his wife, singer Alicia Juarez. It was his way of thanking the public for all of the affection they had shown him throughout his career as one of the most prolific and highly regarded composers and singers Mexico has ever produced.

Tribute

In 2018, Jiménez was posthumously awarded the Latin Grammy Award for Album of the Year for ¡México Por Siempre! by Luis Miguel. Jiménez received the accolade due to the fact six of the fourteen tracks in the album were composed by him, thus making Jiménez eligible for the award.

In Mexico it has a Mausuleo popularly known as "Mausoleum of José Alfredo Jiménez".

On January 19, 2016, Google celebrated his 90th birthday with a Google Doodle. Everything Mexican begins with a Jose Alfredo Jimenez Song;Deb Leticia Gordils," Jose Alfredo Jimenez songs have lasted for nearly 5-decades, after his death, like the legacies past down thru generations so are the old ranch tunes to Mexican children in every household on the North American continent. Prolific is a descriptive word that only scratches the surface to describe the value of his music to Mexicans and Americans of Mexican descent world wide." Viva la Ranchera!

Studio albums

Casa de José Alfredo Jiménez, Dolores Hidalgo
Birthplace in Dolores Hidalgo.
  • La Sota De Copas (1970)
  • El Cantinero (1971)
  • El Rey (1971)
  • Gracias (1972)
  • 15 Exitos Inolvidables De (1983) — RCA Records
  • 12 Exitos De Oro (1988) — RCA Records
  • Lo Esencial (2008) — RCA/Lecacy Recordings

Partial filmography

  • Los huéspedes de La Marquesa (1951)
  • Here Comes Martin Corona (1952)
  • El enamorado (1952)
  • Ni pobres ni ricos (1953)
  • Los aventureros (1954)
  • Tres bribones (1955) - Cantante
  • Camino de Guanajuato (1955) - José Alfredo Martínez
  • Pura Vida (1956) - El mismo
  • La fiera (1956) - Cantante
  • La feria de San Marcos (1958)
  • Guitarras de medianoche (1958) - José Alfredo
  • Ferias de México (1959)
  • Mis padres se divorcian (1959) - Cantante (uncredited)
  • Cada quién su música (1959)
  • El hombre del alazán (1959)
  • Juana Gallo (1961) - Nabor, el caporal
  • Las hijas del Amapolo (1962)
  • La Sonrisa de los Pobres (1964)
  • Escuela para solteras (1965) - El desesperado
  • Audaz y bravero (1965) - Cantante
  • Me cansé de rogarle (1966)
  • Arrullo de Dios (1967)
  • El caudillo (1968) - Borrego
  • La chamuscada (1971) - Revolucionario
  • La loca de los milagros (1975) - (final film role)
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