Kevin Roche facts for kids
|Birth date||June 14, 1922|
|Birth place||Dublin, Ireland|
|Buildings||Convention Centre Dublin, Head Office for Bouygues, Lafayette Tower, Shiodome City Center, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Museum of Jewish Heritage, Santander Central Hispano, 1101 New York Avenue, Ford Foundation, John Deere World Headquarters, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Oakland Museum of California|
|Awards||AIA Gold Medal
Twenty-five Year Award
American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medals
Eamonn Kevin Roche, FAIA (born June 14, 1922) is an Irish-born American Pritzker Prize-winning architect. He has been responsible for the design/master planning for over 200 built projects in both the U.S. and abroad. These projects include eight museums, 38 corporate headquarters, seven research facilities, performing arts centers, theaters, and campus buildings for six universities. In 1967 he created the master plan for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and since then has designed all of the new wings and installation of many collections including the recently reopened American and Islamic wings.
Among other awards, Roche received the Pritzker Prize in 1982, the Gold Medal Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1990, and the AIA Gold Medal in 1993.
In 2012, Roche was inducted into Irish America magazine's Hall of Fame.
Born in Dublin, but raised in Mitchelstown, County Cork, Roche graduated from University College Dublin in 1945. He then worked with Michael Scott from 1945-46. From summer to fall of 1946 he worked with Maxwell Fry in London. In 1947 he applied for graduate studies at Harvard, Yale, and Illinois Institute of Technology and was accepted at all three institutions, and left Ireland in 1948 to study under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe at the Illinois Institute of Technology.
In 1949, he worked at the planning office for the United Nations Headquarters building in New York City. In 1950, he joined the firm of Eero Saarinen and Associates. In 1954, he became the Principal Design Associate to Saarinen and assisted him on all of the projects from that time until Saarinen's death in September 1961. Roche completed 12 major unfinished Saarinen projects, including some of Saarinen's best-known work: the Gateway Arch, the expressionistic TWA Flight Center at JFK International Airport in New York City, Dulles International Airport outside Washington, DC, the strictly modern John Deere Headquarters in Moline, Illinois, and the CBS Headquarters building in New York City.
In 1966, Roche and John Dinkeloo formed Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates upon completion of Saarinen's projects. Together, their first major commission was the Oakland Museum of California, a complex for the art, natural history, and cultural history of California with a design featuring interrelated terraces and roof gardens.
The firm of Roche & Dinkeloo has designed numerous corporate headquarters, office buildings, banks, museums, and art centers. Roche has served as a trustee of the American Academy in Rome, president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, member of the National Academy of Design, and member of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts.
- 1966 – Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, CA
- 1968 – The Ford Foundation, New York, NY
- 1969 – Administration, Student Union & Physical Education Buildings, RIT, Rochester, NY
- 1969 – The Knights of Columbus Building Headquarters, New Haven, CT
- 1969 – United States Post Office, Columbus, IN
- 1969 – Aetna Life and Casualty Company Computer Headquarters, Hartford, CT
- 1971 – Power Center for the Performing Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- 1973 – Center for the Arts, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT
- 1974 – Fine Arts Center, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA
- 1974 – The Pyramids (Indianapolis) College Life Insurance Company of America Headquarters, Indianapolis, IN
- 1978 – John Deere World Headquarters West Office Building, Moline, IL
- 1979 – Denver Performing Arts Complex, Denver, CO
- 1982 – The Corporate Center, Danbury, CT
- 1982 – Moudy Visual Arts and Communication Building, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX
- 1983 – 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY
- 1983 – General Foods Corporate Headquarters, Ryebrook, NY
- 1985 – Cummins Engine Company Corporate Headquarters, Columbus, IN
- 1985 – DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum, Williamsburg, VA
- 1986 – Conoco Inc. Petroleum Headquarters, Houston, TX
- 1988 – Central Park Zoo, New York, NY
- 1988 – Bouygues World Headquarters, Saint-Quentin-Yvelines, France
- 1989 – Leo Burnett Building Company Headquarters, Chicago, IL
- 1990 – 750 7th Avenue, New York, NY
- 1990 – Metropolitano Office Building, Madrid, Spain
- 1992 – J.P. Morgan Headquarters, New York, NY
- 1993 – Corning Incorporated Corporate Headquarters, Corning, NY
- 1993 – Merck & Co. Inc. Headquarters, Whitehouse Station, NJ
- 1993 – NationsBank Building (now Bank of America Plaza), Atlanta, GA
- 1993 – Borland International Corporate Headquarters, Scotts Valley, CA
- 1993 – Tanjong and Binariang Headquarters/Menara Maxis, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- 1994 – Pontiac Marina Millenia Tower and Ritz-Carlton Hotel, Singapore
- 1995 – Dai-ichi Life Headquarters/ Norinchukin Bank Headquarters, DN Tower 21, Tokyo, Japan
- 1997 – Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
- 1997 – Shiodome City Center, Tokyo, Japan
- 1997 – Helen and Martin Kimmel Center for University Life/ Skirball Center for the Performing Arts, New York University, New York, NY
- 1997 – Lucent Technologies, Lisle, IL/Naperville, IL
- 2000 – Ciudad Grupo Santander, Madrid, Spain
- 2001 – Securities and Exchange Commission Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
- 2002 – Bouygues SA Holding Company Headquarters, Paris, France
- 2003 – 1101 New York Avenue, Washington, D.C.
- 2003 – Renovation to Greek and Roman Court at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
- 2005 – Lafayette Tower, Washington, D.C.
- 2007 – Renovation to American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY
- 2008 – Renovation to American Wing at Metropolitan Museum of Art
- 2009 – David S. Ingalls Rink Restoration and Addition, Yale University, New Haven, CT
- 2010 – Convention Centre Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
- 2011 – Renovation to Islamic Wing at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Awards and Honors
Mr. Roche has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the following:
- Pritzker Prize
- American Institute of Architects – AIA Gold Medal
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medals – Gold Medal Award for Architecture
- Academie d'Architecture – Grand Gold Medal
- Total Design Award, American Society of Interior Designers
- Medal of Honor, New York Chapter of the AIA
- American Institute of Architects Twenty-five Year Award
- Classical America's Arthur Ross Award
- The Brendan Gill Prize of the Municipal Art Society of New York
- R. S. Reynolds Memorial Award
- New York State Award
- California Governor's Award for Excellence in Design
- Albert S. Bard First Honor Awards, City Club of New York
- Brandeis University Creative Arts Award in Architecture
- Brunner Award of the American Institute of Art and Letters
- New York Chapter American Institute of Architects Award
- Wesleyan University, Doctorate of Fine Arts
- National University of Ireland, Doctorate of Fine Arts
- Albertus Magnus College, Doctorate of Fine Arts
- Iona College, Doctorate of Fine Arts
- Yale University, Doctorate of Fine Arts
- Currey, Mason. “Rediscovered Masterpiece: Ford Foundation”, Metropolis (December 2008), pp. 90–104
- McMillan, Elizabeth. “Kevin Roche: Pritzker Prize Winner”, Veranda (October 2007), pp. 150–158, 241.
- Lee, Sangleem. “Kevin Roche”, Space (July 2006); pp. 159–181.
- Special magazine editions
- Nakamura, Toshio. Kevin Roche, Architecture and Urbanism (A+U) Extra Edition, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co. Ltd. Yoshio Yoshida, Publisher, 1987
- Hozumi, Toshio et al. Latest Works of Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates, Architecture & Urbanism, (A+U), No. 211, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co., Ltd., April, 1988, No.211.
- Hara, Hiroshi and Nobutaka Ashira. America’s New Architectural Wave: The Architect Kevin Roche’s Appearance on The Scene, SD Space Design No. 63, A Monthly Journal of Art & Architecture, Tokyo, Japan: January 1970.
- Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo, General Foods Headquarters, Texas Christian University Visual Arts Center, One Summit Square, Deere Financial Services Hdqrs., & Kevin Roche Interview Global Architecture, GA Document 9, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., February 1984.
- Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, 6 High Rise Projects Deutsche Bank, J. P. Morgan, Design for Two Buildings in Denver, Dallas Competition, High Rise Study in Houston]. Global Architecture, GA Document 12. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1985.
- Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo Cummins Engine Company Corporate Office Building, Columbus Indiana & Conoco Inc. Petroleum Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 14, editing and publishing by Yukio Futagawa, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., photographs, RETORIA: Y. Futagawa & Associated Photographers, December 1985.
- Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, Bouygues Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 22. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1989.
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