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List of amphibians of Arizona facts for kids

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A map of Arizona

The following is a list of amphibians found in the state of Arizona. The Arizona tree frog is the state amphibian. The state is home to three salamander species.

Arizona is home to a wide variety of biotic systems as it is diverse topographically, geologically, and climatically. The area's sporadic mountains create "sky islands", wherein varying altitudes create drastically different environments inhabited by specific species. For example, the Eastern barking frog is only found at altitudes of 1,280–1,890 m on Arizonan mountains. Although the state is mostly arid, river systems such as the Colorado River provide riparian habitats.

List of species

Order Anura

Family Bufonidae

Bufonidae is a family of toads, often called the "true toads". Although a widely varied family, Bufonidae includes the stereotypical toad: dry warty skin and shortened forelimbs and hindlimbs. Bufonids also carry potent skin toxins, sometimes concentrated in the parotoid gland.

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains toad Found in playa wetlands in Arizona
Bufo cognatus1.jpg
Anaxyrus debilis Green toad Found in southeastern Arizona
A green toad with black speckles
Anaxyrus microscaphus Arizona toad Found in the Virgin River basin of northwestern Arizona
A brown frog with warty skin
Anaxyrus punctatus Red-spotted toad Abundant in central Arizona
A light green frog with brown and black spots on its back
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's toad Found throughout the state
A brown frog with warty skin

Family Hylidae

Hylidae is a family of frogs which are commonly found in the New World. They may be better known as tree frogs.

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Dryophytes arenicolor Canyon tree frog Inhaits arid environments and streambanks; often found in pools in canyons
A dull brown frog sits on a rock surface
Dryophytes wrightorum Wright's mountain tree frog Found in the Petran Montane Conifer Forest Biome along the Mogollon Rim A green frog lies on mud between reeds

Family Leptodactylidae

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Craugastor augusti Eastern barking frog Found in the Santa Rita, Pajarito, Huachuca, and Quinlan Mountains in southeast Arizona at elevations of 1,280–1,890 m; report of specimen found in Sierra Ancha mountains of central Arizona
A brown frog with black spots and large eyes

Family Microhylidae

Microhylidae is a family of frogs. They can often be identified by their tear-dropped shape, hence the common name "narrow-mouthed frogs".

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Gastrophryne olivacea Great Plains narrowmouth frog Inhabit south-central Arizona
A greyish-brown frog rests on a leaf

Family Ranidae

Ranidae, true frogs, are the largest family of frogs. Members of this family, called Ranids, typically have robust hindlimbs, toe webbing, and an aquatic tadpole stage.

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Lithobates berlandieri Rio Grande leopard frog Inhabit the Gila River drainage and associated croplands from Phoenix to the Colorado River confluence
A brown patterned frog
Lithobates blairi Plains leopard frog An isolated population cluster in southeastern Arizona
A brown patterned frog with a light underside
Lithobates catesbeianus Bullfrog Common in Arizona
A bulky brown frog with green above its mouth and a yellow underside

Family Scaphiopodidae

Scaphiopodidae are a family of frogs. Commonly called spadefoot frogs, they are often inconspicuously coloured. Members of this family are predominantly fossorial, living underground until rain arrives. To aid in digging, they have keratinized protrusions on their feet.

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Spea bombifrons Plains spadefoot toad Found in eastern Arizona
A dark green frog with orange spots rests at the edge of a pond
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's spadefoot toad Central and southeastern portions of the state
A brown patterned frog sits on a sandy surface

Order Urodela

Family Ambystomatidae

Species Common name Distribution Status Image
Ambystoma mavortium Barred tiger salamander Introduced to southern Arizona
A black salamander with green pattern on its back and yellowish white underside
Ambystoma rosaceum Tarahumara salamander Present in Arizona
A black salamander with yellow spots
Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern tiger salamander Distinct subspecies Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi, known as the Sonora tiger Salamander found on southern border
A pair of black salamanders sporting a yellow pattern and broad head

^ a: Conservation status at a world level of the species according to the IUCN Red List: Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

 EX  - Extinct
 EW  - Extinct in the wild
 CR  - Critically endangered
 EN  - Endangered
 VU  - Vulnerable
 NT  - Near threatened
 LC  - Least concern
 DD  - Data deficient
 NE  - Not evaluated
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List of amphibians of Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.