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Borough of Manheim
Manheim, Pennsylvania.jpg
Manheim, Pennsylvania
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lancaster
Elevation 407 ft (124.1 m)
Area 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km²)
 - land 1.4 sq mi (4 km²)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km²), 0%
Population 4,784 (2000)
Density 3,416.7 /sq mi (1,319.2 /km²)
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 17545
Area code 717

Manheim (Pennsylvania Dutch: Mannem) is a borough in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,858 at the 2010 census. The borough was named after Mannheim, in Germany.


Manheim was laid out by Henry William Stiegel in 1762 on a land tract in Rapho Township, Pennsylvania, though it wasn't incorporated until 1838. He set out to build an industrial empire and founded the Manheim Glassworks. After financial failure, he was forced to sell the development in 1775. After several failed attempts at resurrecting the Manheim Glassworks, it closed in 1780.

The first railroad train came into Manheim on January 1, 1862, with the completion of the first division of the Columbia and Reading Railroad. In 1884, another forward step was the laying of water pipes and the beginning of service by the Manheim Electric Company, which set up a plant in Bomberger's Mill at the end of Mill Street.


Manheim is located at 40°9′45″N 76°23′47″W / 40.16250°N 76.39639°W / 40.16250; -76.39639 (40.162564, -76.396466).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 778
1860 856 10.0%
1870 1,122 31.1%
1880 1,666 48.5%
1890 2,070 24.2%
1900 2,019 −2.5%
1910 2,202 9.1%
1920 2,712 23.2%
1930 3,520 29.8%
1940 3,831 8.8%
1950 4,246 10.8%
1960 4,790 12.8%
1970 5,434 13.4%
1980 5,015 −7.7%
1990 5,011 −0.1%
2000 4,784 −4.5%
2010 4,858 1.5%
Est. 2015 4,870 0.2%

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,784 people, 1,989 households, and 1,362 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,416.7 people per square mile (1,319.4/km²). There were 2,075 housing units at an average density of 1,481.9 per square mile (572.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.38% White, 0.63% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 1,989 households, out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $41,855, and the median income for a family was $46,987. Males had a median income of $33,961 versus $21,792 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,276. About 4.1% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.


Manheim is also home to the World's Largest Auto Auction. The Manheim Auto Auction is located on Route 72 with many daily visitors. It is open for business every Friday. The Manheim Community Farm Show is held the first week of every October at the Fairgrounds. Root's Market, home of the oldest single family-run country market in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania is located just south of Manheim.

Literary and artistic depiction

Anna Balmer Myers, born in Manheim, authored several works depicting Lancaster County. Her I Lift My Lamp is a historical novel about the early settlement of the County, Henry William Stiegel and his glassworks in Manheim, a Mennonite Eby family, and the Ephrata Cloister.

The woodblock print artist William S. Rice was born in Manheim, and depicted the town in several of his works.

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