Marshall, Minnesota facts for kids

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Marshall
City
Marshall, Minnesota
Main Street in downtown Marshall
Main Street in downtown Marshall
Location of the city of Marshallwithin Lyon Countyin the state of Minnesota
Location of the city of Marshall
within Lyon County
in the state of Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Lyon
Area
 • Total 10.08 sq mi (26.11 km2)
 • Land 10.07 sq mi (26.08 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,161 ft (354 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,680
 • Estimate (2015) 13,652
 • Density 1,358.5/sq mi (524.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56258
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-40688
GNIS feature ID 0647561
Website City of Marshall

Marshall is a city in Lyon County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 13,680 at the 2010 census. Marshall is a regional center in southwest Minnesota, and the county seat of Lyon County. Marshall is the headquarters of the Schwan Food Company and the home of Southwest Minnesota State University. Marshall is also the site of Exelon Wind's Marshall Wind Project.

History

Marshall was platted in 1872 when the railroad was extended to that point. Lake Marshall Township had been established in the area two years earlier, and included a post office and several farms. Before that, the site was occasionally used as a campground for groups of Dakota, who hunted and traveled throughout the region. After much discussion, James J. Manton decided on Marshall in honor of Governor William R. Marshall.

The town grew rapidly. In 1873, the first newspaper was published by Samuel Biglari, the Prairie Schooner. Biglari noted in the October 25, 1873, newspaper, "Nine months ago the first house was erected. Now there are 79 permanent buildings already constructed, and this number will be increased by others already planned." Marshall became an incorporated village in 1876, and a city on February 20, 1901. In April, 1874, the local paper estimated the population of Marshall at 300, by 1900 the population was 2,088. Holy Redeemer Catholic Church was built in 1884. The Weiner Memorial Hospital was built in 1950. Also during the 1950s, Marvin Schwan transformed his dairy into an ice cream home delivery service, which eventually grew into the Schwan Food Company.

The flooding of the Redwood River historically had been a problem in Marshall. The city experienced a series of floods in the 1940s and 1950s. Diversion canals were constructed between 1961 and 1963, though occasional flooding still occurs, notably in 1993. Another project in 1997 removed 107,000 cubic meters (140,000 cubic yards) of sediment from the diversion channel. The diversion channel and Redwood River underwent major upstream and downstream improvements, which were completed in December 2000. During both the spring and fall of 2010, the Marshall area experienced unseasonably high amounts of moisture, yet the Redwood River remained within its banks through town.

Southwest Minnesota State University was founded in 1963 and opened its doors in 1967. Most of the campus was constructed between 1967 and 1973.

Geography

Marshall is at latitude 44.47N and longitude -95.78W, with an elevation of 354 meters (1,161 feet) above sea level. The city is 150 km (93 mi) northeast of Sioux Falls, South Dakota and 238 km (148 mi) southwest of Minneapolis. It is in the Central Standard time zone and has been assigned the ZIP code of 56258. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.08 square miles (26.11 km2), of which 10.07 square miles (26.08 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. It is located in a predominantly rural and agricultural area that was originally an expanse of northern tallgrass prairie. The flood plain of the Redwood River begins in Marshall.

U.S. Highway 59 and Minnesota State Highways 19, 23, and 68 are four of the main routes in the city. Greyhound Bus Lines provides intercity service.

The Southwest Minnesota Regional Airport-Marshall/Ryan Field is a municipal airport. The 2,200-meter (7,200-foot) runway can handle commercial airliners. Marshall is not currently served by scheduled air service, but charter flights are available.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 961
1890 1,203 25.2%
1900 2,088 73.6%
1910 2,152 3.1%
1920 3,092 43.7%
1930 3,250 5.1%
1940 4,590 41.2%
1950 5,923 29.0%
1960 6,681 12.8%
1970 9,886 48.0%
1980 11,161 12.9%
1990 12,023 7.7%
2000 12,735 5.9%
2010 13,680 7.4%
Est. 2015 13,652 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,680 people, 5,394 households, and 2,992 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.5 inhabitants per square mile (524.5/km2). There were 5,744 housing units at an average density of 570.4 per square mile (220.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 4.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 3.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.

There were 5,394 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.5% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 29.7 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 19.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,735 people, 4,914 households, and 2,914 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,537.0 people per square mile (593.1/km²). There were 5,182 housing units at an average density of 625.4 per square mile (241.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.35% White, 2.79% Black or African American, 0.35% American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.52% Asian, 0.03% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.93% of the population.

There were 4,914 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 19.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,950, and the median income for a family was $52,284. Males had a median income of $35,478 versus $21,640 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,588. About 7.8% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

69.6% of the people in Marshall affiliate with a particular religion. Specifically, 34.5% report that they are Catholic, 31.4% are Protestant, and 2.9% are another Christian faith. 0.8% are Mormon.


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