Matteson, Illinois facts for kids

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Village of Matteson
Village
US30, Matteson, Illinois.JPG
Motto: Matteson, the Crossroads of Heritage and Progress
Country United States
State Illinois
Counties Cook, Will
Coordinates 41°30′35″N 87°44′21″W / 41.509832°N 87.739267°W / 41.509832; -87.739267
Area 9.36 sq mi (24.24 km²)
 - land 9.32 sq mi (24 km²)
 - water 0.03 sq mi (0 km²), 0.32%
Population 19,009 (2010)
Density 2,039.6 /sq mi (787.5 /km²)
Incorporated 1889
Mayor Andre' B. Ashmore
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60443
Area code 708
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Website: www.villageofmatteson.org

Matteson /ˌmætɪsən/ is a village in Cook and Will counties, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,928 at the 2000 census and 19,009 in 2010.

History

The area encompassed by modern Matteson was settled in the mid 1800s, primarily by people of German descent. Platted in 1855, Matteson had nearly 500 residents when it incorporated as a village in 1889. The village's namesake is Joel Aldrich Matteson, who served as Illinois' tenth governor from 1853 to 1857. The 20th century saw improvements in plumbing, the electrification of the Illinois Central Railroad, and the construction of today's school district, resulting in significant population growth to more than 3,000 residents by the end of the 1960s. By 2000, Matteson was home to Lincoln Mall (opened 1973) and annexed 195 acres of land for the village.

For most of its history, Matteson's population was majority white. However, by the 2010s, the village became majority African-American. The director of Chicago Metropolis 2020, Carol Sonnenschein, stated that the desire for higher quality neighborhoods and public schools drove the black influx into Matteson. In 1980, 8,288 residents were white, comprising 84% of the village's population, while 12% of village residents were black. By 1990, Matteson, with a total of 11,400 residents, had 5,687 white residents, making up 53% of the village, a percentage decline of 31% in a ten-year span; 44% of the total number of residents in Matteson were black. By 1995 48% of the residents were black and 45% were white. In 2010, 78.72% of the residents were black and 16.3% of the residents were white.

In 1995 Matteson officials started a campaign encouraging white homeowners to buy houses in the village. Some Matteson residents, white and black, did not want their communities to become overwhelmingly black and lose racial diversity. The Chicago branches of the NAACP and some other black residents criticized the campaign, arguing it was racist. Some other critics stated that the blacks moving to Matteson were wealthier than the whites they replaced.

As of 1996, white residents were concentrated in the older, eastern portion of Matteson, while black residents generally lived in newer subdivisions located in the western portion of the village.

Geography

Matteson is located at 41°30′35″N 87°44′21″W / 41.50972°N 87.73917°W / 41.50972; -87.73917 (41.509832, -87.739267).

According to the 2010 census, Matteson has a total area of 9.354 square miles (24.23 km2), of which 9.32 square miles (24.14 km2) (or 99.64%) is land and 0.034 square miles (0.09 km2) (or 0.36%) is water. The village's topography is mostly flat.

Matteson is bordered by Park Forest and Olympia Fields to the east, Country Club Hills and Tinley Park to the north, Frankfort to the west, and Richton Park to the south.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 451
1890 323 −28.4%
1900 449 39.0%
1910 461 2.7%
1920 485 5.2%
1930 736 51.8%
1940 819 11.3%
1950 1,211 47.9%
1960 3,225 166.3%
1970 4,721 46.4%
1980 10,223 116.5%
1990 11,378 11.3%
2000 12,928 13.6%
2010 19,009 47.0%
Est. 2015 19,195 1.0%
Source: US Census Bureau

As of the 2010 census, there were 19,009 people, 6,778 households, and 3,553 families residing in the village. The 2000 Census recorded a the population density of 1,811.2 people per square mile (699.1/km²) and 4,712 housing units at an average density of 660.2 per square mile (254.8/km²). For 2010, the racial makeup of the village was 78.7% African American, 16.3% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population. A Dateline NBC episode in 1997 focused on Matteson and the issue of racial balance.

According to 2000 Census Data, there were 4,561 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the village, the population was spread out with 5.9% of persons under the age of 5, 27.1% under the age of 18, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years as of 2000. The percent of female persons in the village totaled 54% by the 2010 census data.

The most recent estimate of median income for a village household was $67,170, measured in 2014. In the year 2000, the median income for a family was $65,666. Males had a median income of $46,075 versus $33,339 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,024. In 2000, about 2.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. In 2014, 10.8% of the population was estimated to be in poverty.


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