McKinney, Texas facts for kids

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McKinney, Texas
City
City of McKinney
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
Official logo of McKinney, Texas
Logo
Motto: "Unique by nature"
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Flag of Collin County, Texas.svg Collin
Incorporated 1848
Area
 • Total 62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)
 • Land 62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2017 Estimate)
 • Total 168,358
 • Density 2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)
Demonym(s) McKinnian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75069-75071
Area code(s) 214/469/972
FIPS code 48-45744
GNIS feature ID 1341241
Website www.mckinneytexas.org

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, and the second in population to Plano. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it the 19th-most populous city in Texas. It is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, and is located about 37 miles (60 km) north of Dallas.

The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third fastest. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358.

History

On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.

Old Collin County Courthouse
Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016.

For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents. The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898.

Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.

Geography

McKinney is located in west-central Collin County at 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751 (33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751).

McKinney's geographic neighbors are:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.

Climate

Weather chart for McKinney
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
53
31
 
 
2.9
 
58
35
 
 
3.4
 
66
42
 
 
3.7
 
73
51
 
 
5.7
 
80
61
 
 
4.1
 
88
69
 
 
2.4
 
93
72
 
 
2.2
 
93
71
 
 
3.2
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
76
53
 
 
3.7
 
63
42
 
 
3.2
 
55
34
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches

McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.

  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) in 1930.
  • The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy, snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.

Climate data for McKinney, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(30.6)
95
(35)
97
(36.1)
100
(37.8)
105
(40.6)
108
(42.2)
112
(44.4)
118
(47.8)
110
(43.3)
99
(37.2)
93
(33.9)
89
(31.7)
118
(47.8)
Average high °F (°C) 52.5
(11.39)
58.1
(14.5)
65.6
(18.67)
73.3
(22.94)
80.2
(26.78)
87.7
(30.94)
92.7
(33.72)
92.6
(33.67)
85.4
(29.67)
75.7
(24.28)
63.2
(17.33)
54.8
(12.67)
73.5
(23.06)
Average low °F (°C) 31.1
(-0.5)
34.9
(1.61)
42.2
(5.67)
51.2
(10.67)
60.8
(16)
68.5
(20.28)
72.0
(22.22)
70.6
(21.44)
64.2
(17.89)
53.0
(11.67)
42.4
(5.78)
34.1
(1.17)
52.1
(11.17)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(-21.7)
−5
(-20.6)
7
(-13.9)
25
(-3.9)
27
(-2.8)
44
(6.7)
50
(10)
53
(11.7)
39
(3.9)
15
(-9.4)
11
(-11.7)
−4
(-20)
−7
(-21.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.43
(61.7)
2.91
(73.9)
3.37
(85.6)
3.65
(92.7)
5.68
(144.3)
4.11
(104.4)
2.36
(59.9)
2.16
(54.9)
3.15
(80)
4.24
(107.7)
3.71
(94.2)
3.24
(82.3)
41.01
(1,041.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) .8
(2)
1.0
(2.5)
.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.2
(0.5)
.2
(0.5)
2.3
(5.8)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.3 6.3 7.6 7.1 8.9 7.0 4.5 4.1 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.6 78.2
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) .8 1.0 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .1 .2 2.2
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 315
1870 503
1880 1,479 194.0%
1890 2,489 68.3%
1900 4,342 74.4%
1910 4,714 8.6%
1920 6,677 41.6%
1930 7,307 9.4%
1940 8,555 17.1%
1950 10,560 23.4%
1960 13,763 30.3%
1970 15,193 10.4%
1980 16,249 7.0%
1990 21,283 31.0%
2000 54,369 155.5%
2010 131,117 141.2%
Est. 2015 162,898 24.2%

As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth and foreign-born population

Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s.

Landmarks

  • Chestnut Square Historic Village
  • Collin County Historical Society and Museum
  • Heard-Craig Center for the Arts
  • Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary
  • McKinney Main Street
  • McKinney Performing Arts Center
  • McKinney Repertory Theater
  • Myers Park & Event Center
  • Pecan Grove Memorial Cemetery

Images for kids


McKinney, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.