McKinney, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|City of McKinney|
Historic Downtown McKinney
"Unique by nature"
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
|• Total||67.70 sq mi (175.35 km2)|
|• Land||66.96 sq mi (173.43 km2)|
|• Water||0.74 sq mi (1.91 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (192 m)|
|• Density||2,974.43/sq mi (1,148.44/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 945, 972|
|GNIS feature ID||1341241|
McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. A suburb of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.
The U.S. Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest. In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city. The population estimate produced by the city as of 2019 was 199,177, which made it Texas's 16th most populous city. In 2020, its population was 195,308. As of May 2017, McKinney was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States.
In 2014, Money magazine rated McKinney the "Best Place to Live" in America.
On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.
For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.
By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents. The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898.
Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.
McKinney is located in west-central Collin County at 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W (33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W).
McKinney's geographic neighbors are:
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.
|Weather chart for McKinney|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.
- On average, the warmest month is July.
- The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936.
- On average, the coolest month is January.
- The lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) in 1930.
- The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.
It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy, snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.
|Climate data for McKinney, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||87
|Average high °F (°C)||52.5
|Average low °F (°C)||31.1
|Record low °F (°C)||−7
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.43
|Snowfall inches (cm)||.8
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.3||6.3||7.6||7.1||8.9||7.0||4.5||4.1||5.9||6.3||6.6||6.6||78.2|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||.8||1.0||.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||.1||.2||2.2|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel|
At the 2010 U.S. census, the city had a population of 131,117 people. In 2020, the U.S. Census Bureau tabulated a population of 195,308, representing continued growth from the city's 2000 population of 54,369.
Among the population from 2010 to 2020, non-Hispanic or Latino whites have been the largest demographic; Black and African Americans, and Asians were the second and third largest groups living in the city. Hispanic and Latino Americans of any race made up over 18.4% of the population since 2010. Within the city, at least 23,605 residents were multiracial, representing the changing national demographic at the 2020 U.S. census.
As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. Since 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived in the U.S. in the 1990s. In May 2017, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that McKinney was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016.
Of the 68,458 households at the 2019 American Community Survey, 59.8% were married-couples living together. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.36. In 2010, there were 28,186 households; 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.
In 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. In 2019, the median income in the city increased to $89,828; the mean income was $111,588.
- Chestnut Square Historic Village
- Collin County Historical Society and Museum
- Heard-Craig Center for the Arts
- Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary
- McKinney Main Street
- McKinney Performing Arts Center
- McKinney Repertory Theater
- Myers Park & Event Center
- Pecan Grove Memorial Cemetery
According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top 10 employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems||2,725|
|3||McKinney Independent School District||2,500|
|5||Encore Wire Corporation||1,350|
|6||City of McKinney||1,271|
|7||Medical Center of McKinney||1,000|
|8||Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – McKinney||738|
|10||Watson & Chalin Mfg Inc.||350|
McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district. The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas.
Public school districts
Two-thirds of McKinney residents are in the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District.
Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268.
Public high schools
For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School and McKinney Boyd High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Emerson High School (Frisco ISD), Heritage High School (Frisco ISD), Rock Hill High School (Prosper ISD), Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.
In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report high school rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 nationally; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively; McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722 respectively; and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively.
Public charter schools
Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K–12 in McKinney. It is open to students in any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district.
There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K–12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.
McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
McKinney offers discounted transit services to elderly, disabled, or low-income residents through the Collin County Transit Program.
The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.
- US 75
- US 380
- SH 5
- SH 121 (Sam Rayburn Tollway)
McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport provide private and business air services.
Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad (DGNO)
- Len Akin, professional football player
- Mike Bolsinger, professional baseball pitcher, Toronto Blue Jays
- Larry Brantley, actor and comedian known for voicing Wishbone on the PBS series of the same name
- William Calhoun, professional wrestler who used the professional name "Haystack" or "Haystacks" Calhoun
- Hollie Cavanagh, singer who placed fourth on 11th season of American Idol
- Tommy Crutcher, football player; honorable mention All-State football at McKinney High School in 1959; NCAA All-American at Texas Christian University in 1963; played eight seasons (1965–1972) in the NFL, mainly for the Green Bay Packers
- Clem Daniels, pro football player
- Chad Haga, professional road racing cyclist
- Kenneth E. Hagin, influential Pentecostal preacher, often called "father" (or "granddaddy") of the Word of Faith movement
- Randy Ethan Halprin, a member of the Texas Seven
- Ronald Jones II, professional football player; graduate of McKinney North High School
- Tom Kite, professional golfer
- Brittany Lang, professional golfer, 2016 U.S. Women's Open champion
- Zach Lee, professional baseball player
- Anthony Lynn, head coach of NFL's Los Angeles Chargers; player for Denver Broncos (1993), San Francisco 49ers (1995–1996), Denver Broncos (1997–1999)
- Karthik Nemmani, Scripps National Spelling Bee winner for 2018
- Lee Nguyen, professional soccer player for New England Revolution
- Ken Paxton, Texas state senator from District 8; member of Texas House of Representatives, 2003–2013; state attorney general
- Alex Puccio, professional climber and bouldering champion
- Johnny Quinn, Olympic athlete
- Jason Ralph, actor, most known for the character Quentin Coldwater in the Syfy television series "The Magicians"
- Robert Richardson Jr., NASCAR driver
- Scott Sanford, certified public accountant and executive pastor of Cottonwood Creek Baptist Church; Republican member of Texas House of Representatives from McKinney since 2013
- Guinn Smith, gold medalist at 1948 Summer Olympics in pole vault
- James W. Throckmorton, governor of Texas, U.S. congressman, and member of Texas Senate
- Andy Timmons, professional guitarist
- London Woodberry, professional soccer player
- Dudley Wysong, professional golfer