Aerial view of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct
The Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct is a series of sports stadiums and venues, located in Melbourne, Victoria, in Australia. The precinct is situated around 3 km east of the Melbourne city centre, located in suburbs of Melbourne and Jolimont, near East Melbourne and Richmond.
It is considered to be Australia's "premier sports precinct" and regularly hosts some of the biggest domestic and international sporting events, including the AFL Grand Final (Australian rules football), Australian Open (tennis) and Boxing Day Test (cricket). The venues have also previously hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics (for which the Precinct served as the Olympic Park) and 2006 Commonwealth Games.
The precinct comprises three areas: Olympic Park, Melbourne Park and Yarra Park.
Sports venues and stadiums
Of the three Park precincts; Olympic Park, Melbourne Park and Yarra Park, the Olympic and Melbourne Parks are jointly managed by the Melbourne & Olympic Parks Trust, and Yarra Park is managed separately by the Melbourne Cricket Club. The precinct is bordered to the north by Wellington Parade, to the east by Punt Road, to the south by the Yarra River, and to the west by Batman Avenue.
- See also: Olympic Park Oval and Olympic Park
- AAMI Park (capacity 30,050; outdoor), the premier purpose-built venue for rectangular field sports (rugby league, rugby union and association football), and used for large outdoor stadium concerts.
- Holden Centre (Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Centre) (indoor), a training facility used by the Collingwood Football Club, but formerly a 7,000 capacity stadium used originally for swimming, then later for basketball.
- Olympic Park Oval (capacity 3,000; outdoor), a public playing field & running track, now primarily used for training purposes by the Collingwood Football Club.
- Gosch's Paddock, a public playing field, previously used for training by the Collingwood Football Club, and now used by the Melbourne Football Club, Melbourne Storm Rugby League Club and Melbourne Victory FC for training and administrative purposes.
- Eastern Sportsground (aka No. 2 Oval), the stadium that hosted the preliminary rounds of the field hockey competition at the 1956 Olympics. Afterward it was used for greyhound racing, then demolished for the first Collingwood training ground in the precinct and later became the site of AAMI Park.
- Motordrome (capacity 32,000 for racing and 15,000 for football; outdoor), a former speedway and Australian rules football ground. Demolished in 1951 and replaced by Olympic Park Stadium.
- Olympic Park Stadium (capacity 18,500; outdoor), formerly the premier venue for track and field and rectangular field sports. The stadium was superseded for rectangular field sports by AAMI Park in 2011 and was demolished in 2011/12.
- Velodrome (capacity 4,400; indoor), a 333 metre long velodrome that was used for the track cycling events at the 1956 Olympics. This venue was located on the northern/Swan Street side of the Olympic Park.
- See also: Melbourne Park
- Rod Laver Arena (capacity 15,000; retractable roof), the premier venue for large indoor stadium concerts, and centre court for tennis in Melbourne Park. Also used in the past for basketball.
- Melbourne Arena (capacity 10,500; retractable roof), the premier venue for basketball and netball, the second largest court for tennis in Melbourne Park, and a venue for indoor stadium concerts. Can be converted to a velodrome for major track cycling events.
- Margaret Court Arena (capacity 7,500; retractable roof), the third-largest capacity tennis court in Melbourne Park. Also used for netball, basketball, music and other types of events.
- Show Court Arena (capacity 5,000; no roof), the fourth-largest capacity tennis court in Melbourne Park, currently under construction and due for completion in time for the 2022 Australian Open.
- Melbourne Park Tennis Complex/National Tennis Centre; including two outdoor show courts (each with a 3,000 seating capacity), five indoor courts and twenty-eight outdoor Greenset courts, eight clay courts (which are not used professionally), all which are used for professional matches and available for public hire.
- See also: Yarra Park
- East Melbourne Cricket Ground, located in the north-western corner of Yarra Park, and used for Australian rules football and premier grade cricket. Demolished 1922 to make way for the Jolimont railyards.
1956 Olympic Games
For the 1956 Summer Olympics, several venues hosted Olympic events. The track cycling, field hockey, soccer, and the aquatic events.
The precinct is located adjacent to both the Richmond and Jolimont railway stations; every train servicing the eastern side of Melbourne passes through one of these two stations. The precinct is also serviced by three tram routes from the city centre. Three footbridges are provided to cross the railway lines which divide the northern and southern halves of the precinct. The area in Yarra Park surrounding the Melbourne Cricket Ground is made available for ticketed car parking during major events in the precinct; free parking in the surrounding streets is available but limited.
Coordinates: 37°49′00″S 144°59′00″E / 37.81667°S 144.98333°E
Olympic venues in cycling
- Marathon (city), Neo Phaliron Velodrome
- Vélodrome de Vincennes
- Francis Field
- White City Stadium
- Liljeholmen, Mälaren
- Antwerp, Vélodrome d'Anvers Zuremborg
- Stade de Colombes, Vélodrome de Vincennes
- Amsterdam, Olympic Stadium
- Los Angeles Avenue, Pacific Coast Highway, Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Vineyard Avenue
- Avus Motor Road, BSV 92 Field & Stadium
- Herne Hill Velodrome, Windsor Great Park
- Käpylä, Maunula, Pakila, Velodrome
- Broadmeadows, Velodrome
- Olympic Velodrome, Via Cassia, Via Flaminia, Via Cristoforo Colombo, Via di Grottarossa
- Hachioji City, Hachioji Velodrome
- Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome, Satellite Circuit
- Bundesautobahn 96, Grünwald, Radstadion
- Mount Royal Park, Olympic Velodrome, Quebec Autoroute 40
- Krylatskoye Sports Complex Cycling Circuit, Krylatskoye Sports Complex Velodrome, Moscow-Minsk Highway
- Artesia Freeway, Olympic Velodrome, Streets of Mission Viejo
- Olympic Velodrome, Tongillo Road Course
- A-17 highway, Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Sant Sadurní Cycling Circuit, Velòdrom d'Horta
- Cycling road course, Georgia International Horse Park, Stone Mountain Park Archery Center and Velodrome
- Centennial Parklands, Dunc Gray Velodrome, Western Sydney Parklands
- Athens Olympic Velodrome, Kotzia Square, Parnitha Olympic Mountain Bike Venue, Vouliagmeni Olympic Centre
- Laoshan Bicycle Moto Cross (BMX) Venue, Laoshan Mountain Bike Course, Laoshan Velodrome, Urban Road Cycling Course
- BMX Circuit, Hadleigh Farm, London Velodrome, Hampton Court Palace
- Fort Copacabana, Mountain Bike Centre, Olympic BMX Centre, Pontal, Rio Olympic Velodrome
Olympic venues in field hockey
- 1908: White City Stadium
- 1920: Olympisch Stadion
- 1928: Old Stadion
- 1932: Olympic Stadium
- 1936: Hockey Stadion (final), Hockey Stadion #2
- 1948: Empire Stadium (medal matches), Guinness Sports Club, Lyons' Sports Club, Polytechnic Sports Ground
- 1952: Velodrome
- 1956: Hockey Field, Melbourne Cricket Ground (final)
- 1960: Campo Tre Fontane, Olympic Velodrome (final), Stadio dei Marmi
- 1964: Komazawa Hockey Field
- 1968: Municipal Stadium
- 1972: Hockeyanlage
- 1976: Molson Stadium, McGill University
- 1980: Dynamo Central Stadium, Minor Arena; Young Pioneers Stadium (final)
- 1984: Weingart Stadium
- 1988: Seongnam Stadium
- 1992: Estadi Olímpic de Terrassa
- 1996: Clark Atlanta University Stadium, Morris Brown College Stadium (final)
- 2000: State Hockey Centre
- 2004: Olympic Hockey Centre
- 2008: Olympic Green Hockey Field
- 2012: Riverbank Arena
- 2016: Olympic Hockey Centre