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Australian Open facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
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Two players on an outdoor court

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. The Australian Open starts in the middle of January and continues for two weeks coinciding with the Australia Day holiday. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends and exhibition events.

The Australian Open has been played on three different surfaces:

  • Grass (1905–1987)
  • Rebound Ace (a type of hard court, 1988–2007)
  • Plexicushion (a faster type of hard court, (2008–present)

First held in 1905 as the Australasian championships, the Australian Open has grown to become one of the biggest sporting events in the Southern Hemisphere. Nicknamed "the happy slam", the Australian Open is the highest attended Grand Slam event, with more than 1,100,000 people attending the 2024 tournament, including qualifying.

Heat policy

The tournament is played in January, during the Australian summer. In 1998 an extreme heat rule was brought in. It is the only major tournament that has a heat policy. If the temperature gets higher than 35 degrees (C) matches may have to be stopped for a short time, because players feel dehydrated. Matches on the outside courts are stopped. The roof over the main stadium courts can be closed, and cooling systems turned on. In 2007 the temperature on the courts reached 50 degrees Celsius.

Champions

Former champions

  • Men's singles, winners of the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup.
  • Women's singles, winners of the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup.
  • Men's doubles
  • Women's doubles
  • Mixed doubles
  • All champions

Current champions

2024 Australian Open

Most recent finals

2024 Event Champion Runner-up Score
Men's singles Italy Jannik Sinner Main Page Daniil Medvedev 3–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
Women's singles Main Page Aryna Sabalenka China Zheng Qinwen 6–3, 6–2
Men's doubles India Rohan Bopanna
Australia Matthew Ebden
Italy Simone Bolelli
Italy Andrea Vavassori
7–6(7–0), 7–5.
Women's doubles Chinese Taipei Hsieh Su-wei
Belgium Elise Mertens
Ukraine Lyudmyla Kichenok
Latvia Jeļena Ostapenko
6-1, 7-5
Mixed doubles Chinese Taipei Hsieh Su-wei
Poland Jan Zieliński
United States Desirae Krawczyk
United Kingdom Neal Skupski
6–7(5–7), 6–4, [11–9]

Records

Novak Djokovic AO win 2011
Novak Djokovic, the all-time record holder in men's singles.
Margaret Court 1964
Margaret Court, the all-time record holder in women's singles.
  • Unlike the other three Grand Slam tournaments, which became open in 1968, the Australian tournament opened to professionals in 1969.
Record Era Player(s) Count Years
Men since 1905
Most singles titles Open Era Serbia Novak Djokovic 10 2008, 2011–2013, 2015–2016, 2019–2021, 2023
Amateur Era Australia Roy Emerson 6 1961, 1963–1967
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era Serbia Novak Djokovic 3 2011–2013, 2019–2021
Amateur Era Australia Roy Emerson 5 1963–1967
Most doubles titles Open Era United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6 2006–2007, 2009–2011, 2013
Amateur Era Australia Adrian Quist 10 1936–1940, 1946–1950
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
3 2009–2011
Amateur Era Australia Adrian Quist 10 1936–1940, 1946–1950
Most mixed doubles titles Open Era United States Jim Pugh
India Leander Paes
Canada Daniel Nestor
3 1988–1990
2003, 2010, 2015
2007, 2011, 2014
Amateur Era Australia Harry Hopman
Australia Colin Long
4 1930, 1936–1937, 1939
1940, 1946–1948
Most Championships
(singles, doubles, mixed doubles)
Open Era Serbia Novak Djokovic 10 2008–2023 (10 men's singles)
Amateur Era Australia Adrian Quist 13 1936–1950 (3 singles, 10 men's doubles, 0 mixed doubles)
Women since 1922
Most singles titles All-time Australia Margaret Court 11 1960–1966, 1969–1971, 1973
Open Era United States Serena Williams 7 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2017
Amateur Era Australia Margaret Court 7 1960–1966
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era Australia Margaret Court
Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Germany Steffi Graf
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles
Switzerland Martina Hingis
3 1969–1971
1974–1976
1988–1990
1991–1993
1997–1999
Amateur Era Australia Margaret Court 7 1960–1966
Most doubles titles Amateur Era Australia Thelma Coyne Long 12 1936–1940, 1947–1949, 1951–1952, 1956, 1958
Open Era United States Martina Navratilova 8 1980, 1982–1985, 1987–1989
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
7 1982–1985, 1987–1989
Amateur Era Australia Thelma Coyne Long
Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton
5 1936–1940
Most mixed doubles titles Open Era Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková 3 2019–2021
Amateur Era Australia Daphne Akhurst Cozens
Australia Nell Hall Hopman
Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton
Australia Thelma Coyne Long
4 1924–1925, 1928–1929
1930, 1936–1937, 1939
1940, 1946–1948
1951–1952, 1954–1955
Most Championships
(singles, doubles, mixed doubles)
All-time Australia Margaret Court 23 1960–1973 (11 singles, 8 women's doubles, 4 mixed doubles)
Open Era United States Martina Navratilova 12 1980–2003 (3 singles, 8 women's doubles, 1 mixed doubles)
Amateur Era Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton 20 1936–1952 (6 singles, 10 women's doubles, 4 mixed doubles)
Wheelchair: singles since 2002, doubles since 2004, quads since 2008
Most singles titles Men Japan Shingo Kunieda 11 2007–2011, 2013–2015, 2018, 2020, 2022
Women Netherlands Esther Vergeer 9 2002–2004, 2006–2009, 2011–2012
Quads Australia Dylan Alcott 7 2015–2021
Most consecutive singles titles Men Japan Shingo Kunieda 5 2007–2011
Women Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Diede de Groot
4 2006–2009
2021–2024
Quads Australia Dylan Alcott 7 2015–2021
Most doubles titles Men Japan Shingo Kunieda 8 2007–2011, 2013–2015
Women Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Aniek van Koot
7 2003–2004, 2006–2009, 2011–2012
2010, 2013, 2017, 2019, 2021–2023
Quads United States David Wagner 9 2008–2010, 2013–2017, 2022
Most consecutive doubles titles Men Japan Shingo Kunieda 5 2007–2011
Women Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Diede de Groot
4 2006–2009
2021–2024
Quads United States David Wagner 5 2013–2017
Miscellaneous
Unseeded champions Men Australia Mark Edmondson 1976
Women Australia Chris O'Neil
United States Serena Williams
1978
2007
Youngest singles champion Men Australia Ken Rosewall 18 years and 2 months (1953)
Women Switzerland Martina Hingis 16 years and 4 months (1997)
Oldest singles champion Men Australia Ken Rosewall 37 years and 2 months (1972)
Women Australia Thelma Coyne Long 35 years and 8 months (1954)

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Abierto de Australia para niños

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