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Montgomery County, Iowa facts for kids

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Montgomery County, Iowa
Map
Map of Iowa highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1851
Seat Red Oak
Largest City Red Oak
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

425 sq mi (1,101 km²)
424 sq mi (1,098 km²)
0.9 sq mi (2 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,740
25/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.montgomerycountyiowa.com
Named for: Richard Montgomery

Montgomery County is a county located in the southwestern area of the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,740. Its population has declined since a peak in 1900, since urbanization and decline of family farms. The county seat is Red Oak. The county was founded by European-American migrants from eastern areas in 1851. It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while trying to capture Quebec City, Canada.

The county has been largely rural and devoted to agriculture. The county was first surveyed in 1852. It is famous as the location of the unsolved Villisca Axe Murders committed in 1912.

Clyde Cessna, the founder of the Cessna Aircraft Company, was born here.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 425 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 34.svg U.S. Highway 34
  • US 71.svg U.S. Highway 71
  • Iowa 48.svg Iowa Highway 48

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,256
1870 5,934 372.5%
1880 15,895 167.9%
1890 15,848 −0.3%
1900 17,803 12.3%
1910 16,604 −6.7%
1920 17,048 2.7%
1930 16,752 −1.7%
1940 15,697 −6.3%
1950 15,685 −0.1%
1960 14,467 −7.8%
1970 12,781 −11.7%
1980 13,413 4.9%
1990 12,076 −10.0%
2000 11,771 −2.5%
2010 10,740 −8.8%
Est. 2015 10,234 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,740 in the county, with a population density of 25.337/sq mi (9.783/km2). There were 5,239 housing units, of which 4,558 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Montgomery County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Montgomery County

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,771 people, 4,886 households, and 3,258 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 5,399 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.20% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,886 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,214, and the median income for a family was $40,129. Males had a median income of $28,531 versus $20,835 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,373. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Montgomery County, Iowa
Montgomery County Courthouse, Henry C. Koch, architect, 1891

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated community

Former towns

  • Alix (Douglas Township) 1895-98
  • Arlington (Washington Township)
  • Biddick (Pilot Grove Township) 1893-1902
  • Carr's Point (West Township) 1865-70
  • Climax (West Township) 1871-1901
  • Coe's Grove 1858-69
  • Flora 1859
  • Frankfort (County seat from 1864-65) (Frankfort Township) 1856-78
  • Hawthorne 1871-1908
  • Oro 1856-1858
  • Ross Grove (Jackson Township) 1855-63
  • Rossville (Jackson Township) 1855
  • Sciola (Washington Township) 1855-1905
  • Wales (Lincoln Township) 1886-1901
  • Wallace (Douglas Township) 1875-78
  • Wilson (Pilot Grove Township) 1870-79

Townships

  • Douglas
  • East
  • Frankfort
  • Garfield
  • Grant
  • Lincoln
  • Pilot Grove
  • Red Oak
  • Scott
  • Sherman
  • Washington
  • West

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Montgomery County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Red Oak City 5,742
2 Villisca City 1,252
3 Stanton City 689
4 Elliott City 350
5 Grant City 92
6 Coburg City 42
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