The Islamic calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري) is a calendar. It is used to determine islamic holidays. It is a lunar calendar. It has 12 months, and about 354 days. This means that each year, the calendar is about 11 days shorter than a solar calendar, like the Gregorian. Islamic years are often called hijra years, because the first year of the calendar when the hijra occurred, that is when Muhammad went from Mecca to Medina. Each year is therefore labelled with either H or AH.
What the months are called
- Muharram محرّم (long form: Muḥarram ul Ḥaram)
- Safar صفر (long form: Ṣafar ul Muzaffar)
- Rabi' al-awwal (Rabī' I) ربيع الأول
- Rabi' al-thani (or Rabī' al Thānī, or Rabī' al-Akhir) (Rabī' II) ربيع الآخر أو ربيع الثاني
- Jumada al-awwal (Jumādā I) جمادى الأول
- Jumada al-thani (or Jumādā al-akhir) (Jumādā II) جمادى الآخر أو جمادى الثاني
- Rajab رجب (long form: Rajab al Murajab)
- Sha'aban شعبان (long form: Sha'abān ul Moazam)
- Ramadan رمضان (or Ramzān, long form: Ramaḍān ul Mubarak)
- Shawwal شوّال (long form: Shawwal ul Mukarram)
- Dhu al-Qi'dah ذو القعدة
- Dhu al-Hijjah ذو الحجة
Images for kids
Muhammad prohibiting Nasī’. Found in an illustrated copy of Al-Bīrūnī's The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries (17th-century copy of an early 14th-century Ilkhanid manuscript).
Islamic calendar Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.