Nekoosa, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Nekoosa, Wisconsin
City
Looking west in downtown Nekoosa
Looking west in downtown Nekoosa
Location of Nekoosa, Wisconsin
Location of Nekoosa, Wisconsin
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Wood
Area
 • Total 3.39 sq mi (8.78 km2)
 • Land 3.38 sq mi (8.75 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 951 ft (290 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,580
 • Estimate (2012) 2,550
 • Density 763.3/sq mi (294.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 54457
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-55875
GNIS feature ID 1570148

Nekoosa is a city in Wood County, Wisconsin, United States. Its name derives from the Ho-Chunk word, "Nįįkuusra", "Nakrusa", or "Nįkusara" which translates to "running water." The population was 2,580 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Nekoosa is located at 44°19′09″N 89°54′00″W / 44.319081°N 89.899937°W / 44.319081; -89.899937Coordinates: 44°19′09″N 89°54′00″W / 44.319081°N 89.899937°W / 44.319081; -89.899937 (44.319081, -89.899937).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.39 square miles (8.78 km2), of which, 3.38 square miles (8.75 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 745
1910 1,570 110.7%
1920 1,639 4.4%
1930 2,005 22.3%
1940 2,212 10.3%
1950 2,352 6.3%
1960 2,515 6.9%
1970 2,409 −4.2%
1980 2,519 4.6%
1990 2,557 1.5%
2000 2,590 1.3%
2010 2,580 −0.4%
Est. 2015 2,474 −4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,580 people, 1,065 households, and 688 families residing in the city. The population density was 763.3 inhabitants per square mile (294.7/km2). There were 1,135 housing units at an average density of 335.8 per square mile (129.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 0.8% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.

There were 1,065 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,590 people, 987 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 763.5 people per square mile (295.0/km²). There were 1,063 housing units at an average density of 313.4 per square mile (121.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.72% White, 0.12% African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.97% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 987 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,375, and the median income for a family was $44,583. Males had a median income of $36,308 versus $22,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,063. About 6.7% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

An article dated March 16, 1916 from the long defunct newspaper The Nekoosa Tribune detailing the early history of Nekoosa may be found at the Wisconsin Historical Society web site. It is a letter written by a resident to Nekoosa High School students to support them writing a history term paper.

Point Basse

"Five rapids covering a distance of about three miles in this area were referred to as Nekoosa (swift water) by the Chippewa Indians, who made their campground on high Swallow Rock overlooking the rapids. Wakeley's tavern served as a rendezvous and resting place for the river traveler and lumber raftsman. Wakeley's was the nucleus for the development of a settlement named Point Basse (low point). The name was later changed to Nekoosa.

The settlement became a key town during the colorful era when lumber was rafted down the river from the pineries of the North to Mississippi River markets.

Daniel Whitney built the first sawmill on the Wisconsin River here at Whitney's Rapids in 1831 making Nekoosa the birthplace of Wood County. From this first harnessing of the river's power developed scores of power facilities making the Wisconsin River the hardest worked river in the world." [Point Basse historical marker, erected 1963]

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