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New Market, Virginia
Downtown New Market
Downtown New Market
New Market, Virginia is located in Shenandoah Valley
New Market, Virginia
New Market, Virginia
Location in Shenandoah Valley
New Market, Virginia is located in Virginia
New Market, Virginia
New Market, Virginia
Location in Virginia
New Market, Virginia is located in the United States
New Market, Virginia
New Market, Virginia
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Virginia
County Shenandoah
Area
 • Total 2.03 sq mi (5.27 km2)
 • Land 2.02 sq mi (5.23 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
1,053 ft (321 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,146
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,253
 • Density 1,114.79/sq mi (430.45/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
22844
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-55848
GNIS feature ID 1497040
Website Town of New Market

New Market is a town in Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States. Founded as a small crossroads trading town in the Shenandoah Valley, it has a population of 2,146 as of the most recent 2010 U.S. census. The north–south U.S. 11 and the east–west U.S. 211 pass near it and cross Massanutten Mountain at the town's titular gap.

It is home to the New Market Shockers of the Rockingham County Baseball League, the New Market Rebels of the Valley Baseball League, the Schultz Theatre and School of Performing Arts, and the Shenvalee Golf Course. The town is known for having been the site in 1864 of the last major Confederate victory in the American Civil War.

History

Virginia Museum of the Civil War - Stierch
Virginia Civil War Museum at New Market Battlefield State Historical Park

In 1745, John Sevier, later a Revolutionary War commander and first governor of the State of Franklin and first Governor of Tennessee, was born in the town.

On Friday, June 13, 1862, New Market was the site of a skirmish in the American Civil War between a small Union Army and a small Confederate Army.

On May 15, 1864, New Market was the site of the Battle of New Market - a battle in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. Students from the Virginia Military Institute fought alongside the Confederate Army and forced Union General Franz Sigel and his army out of the Shenandoah Valley. Every year VMI cadets commemorate the 85-mile march from Lexington to New Market done by the cadets in 1864 which ended in their victorious charge at the Battle of New Market.

The New Market Historic District and New Market Battlefield State Historical Park are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

New Market is located at 38°38′40″N 78°40′24″W / 38.64444°N 78.67333°W / 38.64444; -78.67333 (38.644472, -78.673403).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km²), all land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Market has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 747
1870 600 −19.7%
1880 662 10.3%
1890 607 −8.3%
1900 684 12.7%
1910 638 −6.7%
1920 577 −9.6%
1930 640 10.9%
1940 629 −1.7%
1950 701 11.4%
1960 783 11.7%
1970 718 −8.3%
1980 1,118 55.7%
1990 1,435 28.4%
2000 1,637 14.1%
2010 2,146 31.1%
Est. 2019 2,253 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 1,637 people, 737 households, and 431 families resided in the town. The population density was 819.6 people per square mile (316.0/km2). There were 808 housing units at an average density of 404.6 per square mile (156.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.77% White, 1.10% Black, 0.67% Asian, 3.97% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.96% of the population.

Of the 737 households, 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were not families. About 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the town, the population was distributed as 18.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,365, and the median income for a family was $48,036. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $23,462 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,480. About 7.6% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

2019-06-06 10 10 29 View south along Interstate 81 at Exit 264 (U.S. Route 211, New Market, Timberville, Luray) in New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia
View south along I-81 at the exit for New Market

Transportation

The main highway providing access to New Market is Interstate 81. Within the town limits, I-81 has a junction with U.S. Route 211 and Virginia State Route 211, which head east to Luray and west to Timberville, respectively. U.S. Route 11 also passes through New Market, serving as a local service road to I-81.

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