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The Right Excellent

Norman Manley

National Hero of Jamaica
Norman Manley.jpg
1st Premier of Jamaica
In office
14 August 1959 – 29 April 1962
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by himself as Chief Minister
Succeeded by Alexander Bustamante
Governor Kenneth Blackburne
2nd Chief Minister of Jamaica
In office
2 February 1955 – 1959 (post abolished)
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor Baron Caradon
Succeeded by himself as Premier
Personal details
Norman Washington Manley

(1893-07-04)4 July 1893
Roxborough, Manchester, Colony of Jamaica
Died 2 September 1969(1969-09-02) (aged 76)
Kingston, Jamaica
Nationality Jamaican
Political party People's National Party
Spouse(s) Edna Manley
Alma mater Jesus College, Oxford
Profession Lawyer

Norman Washington Manley MM, QC, National Hero of Jamaica (4 July 1893 – 2 September 1969) was a Jamaican statesman. A Rhodes Scholar, Manley became one of Jamaica's leading lawyers in the 1920s. Manley was an advocate of universal suffrage, which was granted by the British colonial government to the colony in 1944.

Encouraged by the Founder of the People's National, Osmond Theodore Fairclough, who had joined forces with the brothers Frank and Ken Hill, Hedley P. Jacobs and others in 1938, he helped to launch the People's National Party which later was tied to the Trade Union Congress and even later the National Workers Union. He led the PNP in every election from 1944 to 1967. Their efforts resulted in the New Constitution of 1944, granting full adult suffrage.

Manley served as the colony's Chief Minister from 1955 to 1959, and as Premier from 1959 to 1962. He was a proponent of self-government but was persuaded to join nine other British colonies in the Caribbean territories in a Federation of the West Indies but called a referendum on the issue in 1961. Voters chose to have Jamaica withdraw from the union. He then opted to call a general election even though his five-year mandate was barely halfway through.

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