North Plainfield, New Jersey facts for kids
- For the former North Plainfield Township, see Green Brook Township, New Jersey.
|North Plainfield, New Jersey|
|Borough of North Plainfield|
House in Washington Park Historic District
Map of North Plainfield in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County on New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of North Plainfield, New Jersey
|Incorporated||June 9, 1885|
|• Total||2.807 sq mi (7.270 km2)|
|• Land||2.794 sq mi (7.237 km2)|
|• Water||0.013 sq mi (0.032 km2) 0.45%|
|Area rank||352nd of 566 in state
14th of 21 in county
|Elevation||72 ft (22 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||22,140|
|• Rank||117th of 566 in state
6th of 21 in county
|• Density||7,850.0/sq mi (3,030.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||48th of 566 in state
1st of 21 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||07060, 07062, 07063|
|Area code(s)||732 and 908|
|GNIS feature ID||0885326|
North Plainfield is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 21,936, reflecting an increase of 833 (+3.9%) from the 21,103 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,283 (+12.1%) from the 18,820 counted in the 1990 Census.
North Plainfield Township was created from portions of Warren Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature passed on April 2, 1872. The borough of North Plainfield became an independent municipality on June 9, 1885. The name derives from Plainfield, which derived its name from a local estate or from its scenic location.
In 1902, the New Jersey Legislature approved measures that would have allowed the borough to become part of Union County (a measure repealed in 1903) and to allow for a merger of North Plainfield with the City of Plainfield subject to the approval of a referendum by voters in both municipalities.
North Plainfield is home to the Washington Park Historic District.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.807 square miles (7.270 km2), including 2.794 square miles (7.237 km2) of land and 0.013 square miles (0.032 km2) of water (0.45%).
North Plainfield is in the northern division of the Raritan Valley along with Green Brook.
|Population sources: 1800-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 21,936 people, 7,448 households, and 5,266 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,850.0 per square mile (3,030.9/km2). There were 7,848 housing units at an average density of 2,808.5 per square mile (1,084.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 55.01% (12,066) White, 18.85% (4,134) Black or African American, 0.29% (63) Native American, 5.81% (1,275) Asian, 0.05% (12) Pacific Islander, 16.00% (3,510) from other races, and 3.99% (876) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.21% (9,699) of the population.
There were 7,448 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 98.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,815 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,878) and the median family income was $70,359 (+/- $5,666). Males had a median income of $42,766 (+/- $2,549) versus $43,057 (+/- $3,208) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,529 (+/- $1,466). About 5.3% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 21,103 people, 7,202 households, and 5,084 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,565.0 people per square mile (2,920.4/km2). There were 7,393 housing units at an average density of 2,650.2 per square mile (1,023.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 63.06% White, 13.38% African American, 0.28% Native American, 5.04% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 13.68% from other races, and 4.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.77% of the population.
There were 7,202 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $55,322, and the median income for a family was $62,875. Males had a median income of $39,662 versus $30,816 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,791. About 4.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 5.39% of North Plainfield's residents identified themselves as being of Ecuadorian ancestry, which was the fourth highest of any municipality in New Jersey and the eighth highest percentage of Ecuadorian people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough has a total of 49.77 miles (80.10 km) of roads, of which 39.28 miles (63.22 km) were maintained by the municipality, 7.22 miles (11.62 km) by the county and 3.27 miles (5.26 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Major roadways in the borough include U.S. Route 22. County Route 531 also passes through.
NJ Transit rail service is available at the Plainfield station on the Raritan Valley Line to Newark Penn Station, with connecting service to Hoboken Terminal and Penn Station New York.
NJ Transit bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan is available on the 114 and 117 routes, to Newark on the 65 and 66 routes, with local service on the 822 and 986 routes.
North Plainfield, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.