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Old Deer
Old Deer.jpg
Old Deer
Population 152 (2011)
OS grid reference NJ976477
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Aberdeenshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PETERHEAD
Postcode district AB42
Police Grampian
Fire Grampian
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
  • Banff and Buchan
Scottish Parliament
  • Aberdeenshire East
List of places
UK
Scotland
57°31′9″N 2°2′12″W / 57.51917°N 2.03667°W / 57.51917; -2.03667Coordinates: 57°31′9″N 2°2′12″W / 57.51917°N 2.03667°W / 57.51917; -2.03667

Old Deer (Scots: Auld Deer, Scottish Gaelic: Dèir) is a parish and village in the district of Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. The population in 2011 was 152. The village lies on the Deer or South Ugie Water, 10.1 miles (16.3 km) west of Peterhead and 2 miles (3 km) from Mintlaw. Industries include distilling, brewing, and the manufacture of woollens, and there are quarries of granite and limestone.

The village is the birthplace of David B. Henderson, one of only two foreign born Speakers of the United States House of Representatives.

The thriving village of New Deer (formerly called Auchreddie) lies about 7 miles (11 km) west of the older village; to the north of New Deer is the ruined Fedderate Castle.

Etymology

The name Deer is likely to be of Pictish origin. The name involves the element *deru meaning "oak" (c.f. Welsh derw; compare Dairsie).

History

The parish records spell the name in various other ways such as Deare, Diere and Dier.

Columba and his nephew Drostan founded a monastery here in the 6th century, of which no trace remains. The Book of Deer is a most interesting relic of the monks, which was discovered in 1857 in the Cambridge University library by Henry Bradshaw. It was probably stolen during the Wars of Scottish Independence by English troops. It is a small manuscript of the Gospels in the Vulgate, fragments of the liturgy of the Celtic church, and notes, in the Gaelic script of the 12th century, referring to the charters of the ancient monastery, including a summary of that granted by David I of Scotland. These are among the oldest examples of Scottish Gaelic. The manuscript is also adorned with Gaelic designs. It had belonged to the monks of Deer and been in the possession of the University Library since 1715. It was edited by John Stuart for the Spalding Club, by whom it was published in 1869 under the title The Book of Deer (Leabhar Dhèir in Gaelic).

In 1218 William Comyn, earl of Buchan, founded the Abbey of St Mary of Deer, now in ruins, 34 mi (1.2 km) farther up the river than the monastery and on the opposite bank. Although it was erected for Cistercians from the priory of Kinloss, near Forres, the property of the Columban monastery was removed to it. The founder (died 1233) and he and his countess were buried in the church. The parish is rich in antiquities, but the most noted of them is the Stone of Deer, a sculptured block of syenite, which stood near the abbey; it was destroyed in 1854.

Aikey Brae stone circle

Aikey Brae Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1774962
Aikey Brae stone circle

Aikey Brae stone circle lies between Maud and Old Deer on the summit of Parkhouse Hill. It is a recumbent stone circle and was most recently excavated by Chris Ball and Richard Bradley in 2001. It is a scheduled ancient monument.

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