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Olivia, Minnesota
City
Renville County Courthouse
Renville County Courthouse
Motto: "The Corn Capital"
Location of Oliviawithin Renville County, Minnesota
Location of Olivia
within Renville County, Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Renville
Area
 • Total 2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)
 • Land 2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,083 ft (330 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,484
 • Estimate (2012) 2,432
 • Density 1,061.5/sq mi (409.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56277
Area code(s) 320
FIPS code 27-48256
GNIS feature ID 0648947
Website www.olivia.mn.us

Olivia is a city in Renville County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 2,484 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat.

History

Olivia was platted in 1878, and reportedly named for a female station agent named Olive, according to local history. A post office has been in operation at Olivia since 1879. The county seat was transferred from Beaver Falls to Olivia in 1900.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.34 square miles (6.06 km2), all of it land.

U.S. Highways 71 and 212 are two of the main routes in the city.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 48
1890 263 447.9%
1900 970 268.8%
1910 960 −1.0%
1920 1,488 55.0%
1930 1,475 −0.9%
1940 1,788 21.2%
1950 2,012 12.5%
1960 2,355 17.0%
1970 2,553 8.4%
1980 2,802 9.8%
1990 2,623 −6.4%
2000 2,570 −2.0%
2010 2,484 −3.3%
Est. 2015 2,356 −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,484 people, 1,038 households, and 653 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.5 inhabitants per square mile (409.8/km2). There were 1,142 housing units at an average density of 488.0 per square mile (188.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 3.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.3% of the population.

There were 1,038 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 19.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,570 people, 1,075 households, and 658 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,102.7 people per square mile (425.9/km²). There were 1,178 housing units at an average density of 505.4 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.19% White, 0.12% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 2.57% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.63% of the population.

There were 1,075 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,060, and the median income for a family was $44,781. Males had a median income of $31,793 versus $25,541 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,889. About 6.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Corn Capital of the World

The Minnesota Senate has designated Olivia the "Corn Capital of the World". Olivia has been calling itself the "Corn Capital of the World" since 1973, when it erected its well-known 50-foot corn monument in the shape of an ear of corn.

Olivia is the home to nine seed research facilities. It is located in the middle of Renville County, Minnesota's leading producer of corn.

Corn Capital Days

Olivia celebrates Corn Capital Days during the last weekend of July. Activities include a parade, corn cob toss, corn-lympics, free corn feed, kiddie parade, Lion's walk-in, fly-in, drive-in breakfast, and live music.

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