Renville County, Minnesota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Renville County, Minnesota
Map

Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the USA highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 20, 1855 (created)
1866 (organized)
Seat Olivia
Largest City Olivia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

987 sq mi (2,556 km²)
983 sq mi (2,546 km²)
4.2 sq mi (11 km²), 0.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

14,892
16/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.renville.mn.us
Named for: Joseph Renville

Renville County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,730. Its county seat is Olivia. The county was formed in 1855 and organized in 1866.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

History

Birch coulee battlefield
Birch Coulee Battlefield near Morton.

Renville County is named in honor of Joseph Renville, a fur trader. The county was the site of several engagements in the Dakota War of 1862.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 987 square miles (2,560 km2), of which 983 square miles (2,550 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Lakes

  • Lake Allie: northern half is in Boon Lake Township; southern half is in Preston Lake Township
  • Beckendorf Lake: in Flora Township
  • Boon Lake: in Boon Lake Township
  • Hodgson Lake: in Boon Lake Township
  • Mud Lake: in Cairo Township
  • Phare Lake: in Boon Lake Township
  • Preston Lake: in Preston Lake Township

Major highways

  • US 71.svg U.S. Highway 71
  • US 212 (MN).svg U.S. Highway 212
  • MN-4.svg Minnesota State Highway 4
  • MN-19.svg Minnesota State Highway 19
  • MN-23.svg Minnesota State Highway 23

Adjacent counties

Renville County borders a total of nine counties, more than any other county in Minnesota except for Beltrami County, which also borders nine counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 245
1870 3,219 1,213.9%
1880 10,791 235.2%
1890 17,099 58.5%
1900 23,693 38.6%
1910 23,123 −2.4%
1920 23,634 2.2%
1930 23,645 0.0%
1940 24,625 4.1%
1950 23,954 −2.7%
1960 23,249 −2.9%
1970 21,139 −9.1%
1980 20,401 −3.5%
1990 17,673 −13.4%
2000 17,154 −2.9%
2010 15,730 −8.3%
Est. 2015 14,892 −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015
USA Renville County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,154 people, 6,779 households, and 4,623 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 7,413 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.72% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 5.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.9% were of German, 16.3% Norwegian and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 6,779 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,652, and the median income for a family was $45,065. Males had a median income of $30,473 versus $22,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,770. About 6.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Bandon Township
  • Beaver Falls Township
  • Birch Cooley Township
  • Bird Island Township
  • Boon Lake Township
  • Brookfield Township
  • Cairo Township
  • Camp Township
  • Crooks Township
  • Emmet Township
  • Ericson Township
  • Flora Township
  • Hawk Creek Township
  • Hector Township
  • Henryville Township
  • Kingman Township
  • Martinsburg Township
  • Melville Township
  • Norfolk Township
  • Osceola Township
  • Palmyra Township
  • Preston Lake Township
  • Sacred Heart Township
  • Troy Township
  • Wang Township
  • Wellington Township
  • Winfield Township

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Renville County, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.