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Beltrami County, Minnesota facts for kids

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Beltrami County
Beltrami County Courthouse
Beltrami County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Beltrami County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Minnesota
Founded February 28, 1866 (created)
1896 (organized)
Named for Giacomo Constantino Beltrami
Seat Bemidji
Largest city Bemidji
Area
 • Total 3,056 sq mi (7,920 km2)
 • Land 2,505 sq mi (6,490 km2)
 • Water 551 sq mi (1,430 km2)  18%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 46,228
 • Density 18.6/sq mi (7.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 7th, 8th

Beltrami County ( bel-TRAM-ee) is a county in the northern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 46,228. Its county seat is Bemidji. The county's name comes from Italian adventurer Giacomo Beltrami from Bergamo, who explored the area in 1825. The county was created in 1866 and organized in 1896.

Beltrami County comprises the Bemidji, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Portions of the Leech Lake and Red Lake Indian reservations are in the county. The northernmost portion of the Mississippi River flows through the southern part of the county, through Bemidji. Beltrami, Renville, and Stearns are Minnesota's only counties that abut nine other counties.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,056 square miles (7,920 km2), of which 2,505 square miles (6,490 km2) is land and 551 square miles (1,430 km2) (18%) is water. It is the fourth-largest county in Minnesota by area.

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 71.svg U.S. Highway 71
  • MN-1.svg Minnesota State Highway 1
  • MN-72.svg Minnesota State Highway 72
  • MN-89.svg Minnesota State Highway 89
  • MN-197.svg Minnesota State Highway 197

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Chippewa National Forest (part)

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Bemidji, Minnesota
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.7
 
16
-4
 
 
0.6
 
24
3
 
 
0.9
 
36
16
 
 
1.5
 
53
30
 
 
2.7
 
67
43
 
 
4.1
 
75
52
 
 
4.3
 
79
57
 
 
3.5
 
77
55
 
 
2.8
 
66
45
 
 
2.3
 
54
35
 
 
1.1
 
34
19
 
 
0.6
 
21
3
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bemidji have ranged from a low of −4 °F (−20 °C) in January to a high of 79 °F (26 °C) in July, although a record low of −50 °F (−46 °C) was recorded in January 1950 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1975. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.59 inches (15 mm) in February to 4.33 inches (110 mm) in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 80
1880 10 −87.5%
1890 312 3,020.0%
1900 11,030 3,435.3%
1910 19,337 75.3%
1920 27,079 40.0%
1930 20,707 −23.5%
1940 26,107 26.1%
1950 24,962 −4.4%
1960 23,425 −6.2%
1970 26,373 12.6%
1980 30,982 17.5%
1990 34,384 11.0%
2000 39,650 15.3%
2010 44,442 12.1%
2020 46,228 4.0%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020
USA Beltrami County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 39,650 people, 14,337 households, and 9,749 families in the county. The population density was 15.8/sqmi (6.11/km2). There were 16,989 housing units at an average density of 6.78/sqmi (2.62/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 20.36% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 19.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Swedish ancestry. 95.1% spoke English and 2.4% Ojibwa as their first language.

There were 14,337 households, out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13.

The county population contained 28.70% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,392, and the median income for a family was $40,345. Males had a median income of $30,434 versus $22,045 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,497. About 12.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

Over half the children in the county are born out of wedlock. About a third are born to teenaged mothers. The county has about twice the state average in terms of high school dropouts.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Alaska Township
  • Battle Township
  • Bemidji Township
  • Benville Township
  • Birch Township
  • Buzzle Township
  • Cormant Township
  • Durand Township
  • Eckles Township
  • Frohn Township
  • Grant Valley Township
  • Hagali Township
  • Hamre Township
  • Hines Township
  • Hornet Township
  • Jones Township
  • Kelliher Township
  • Lammers Township
  • Langor Township
  • Lee Township
  • Liberty Township
  • Maple Ridge Township
  • Minnie Township
  • Moose Lake Township
  • Nebish Township
  • Northern Township
  • O'Brien Township
  • Port Hope Township
  • Quiring Township
  • Roosevelt Township
  • Shooks Township
  • Shotley Township
  • Spruce Grove Township
  • Steenerson Township
  • Sugar Bush Township
  • Summit Township
  • Taylor Township
  • Ten Lake Township
  • Turtle Lake Township
  • Turtle River Township
  • Waskish Township
  • Woodrow Township

Unorganized territories

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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