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Oloron-Sainte-Marie
View of Oloron-Sainte-Marie
View of Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Coat of arms of Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Piémont Oloronais
Area
1
68.31 km2 (26.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
10,794
 • Density 158.015/km2 (409.26/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Oloronais
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64422 /64400
Elevation 194–1,380 m (636–4,528 ft)
(avg. 216 m or 709 ft)
Website www.oloron-ste-marie.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Oloron-Sainte-Marie is a city and commune in southwestern France in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

In 1858, the communes of Saint-Marie-Legugnon and Oloron were combined to make the new commune of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.

Geography

Oloron-Sainte-Marie is situated at the feet of the Pyrénées, 32 km (20 mi) to the south of Pau, 50 km (31 mi) from the Spanish border and 100 km (62 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean.

The commune has an area of 68.31 km2 (26.37 sq mi) and its average altitude is 787 m (2,582 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 216 m (709 ft).

Oloron-Sainte-Marie and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Oloron-Sainte-Marie

Through Oloron-Sainte-Marie flows the Gave d'Oloron formed by the confluence of two rivers: the Gave d'Aspe and the Gave d'Ossau that merge to form the Gave d'Oloron. The word gave is a name given to rivers on the mountains in regions of the western Pyrenees.

Population

With a population of 10,794, Oloron-Sainte-Marie has a population density of 158 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Oloron-Sainte-Marie are known, in French, as Oloronais (women: Oloronaises).

Administration

Oloron-Sainte-Marie is a sous-préfecture in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department since 1800. It is also the capital of two cantons:

  1. Oloron-Sainte-Marie-1, formed with a part of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and several communes.
  2. Oloron-Sainte-Marie-2, formed with a part of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and several communes.

Gallery

Twin towns

Oloron-Sainte-Marie is twinned with:

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