The Chateau de Pau above the Gave de Pau
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• President of the General Council||Jean-Jacques Lasserre|
|• Total||7,644.8 km2 (2,951.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||86.8639/km2 (224.9764/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Béarnais or Basques|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-64|
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, with the name of Basses-Pyrénées. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Guyenne, Béarn, and Gascony.
The new department had six districts: Mauléon, Oloron, Orthez, Pau, Saint- Palais and Ustaritz.
On 10 October 1969, the name of the department was changed from Basses-Pyrénées to Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, southwestern France, and is the 10th French department in area with 7,644.8 km2 (2,952 sq mi).
The department is surrounded by the departments:
The Pyrenees mountain range is found in the southern part of the department and goes, east to west, from the Col d'Aubisque, a mountain pass 30 km (19 mi) south of Tarbes and Pau, to the mouth of the river Bidasoa.
The Pic Palas (), at 2,974 m (9,757 ft), is the highest point of the department and also the highest of the Aquitaine region; it is on the border with Spain.
The main river of the department is the Adour and all rivers in the department, except for some coastal small rivers, flow into this river. Other important rivers are the Gaves réunis, formed by the rivers Gave d'Oloron and Gave de Pau, and the Nive.
The climate of Pau is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.
The average temperature for the year in Pau is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.7 °C (69.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.6 °C (43.9 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Pau is 1,051.6 mm (41.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 104.1 mm (4.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 73.7 mm (2.9 in).
|Climate data for Uzein (Pau), Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||6.6
|Rainfall mm (inches)||84.9
|Source: Weatherbase.com |
The following is a list of the 27 cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Artix et Pays de Soubestre
- Baïgura et Mondarrain
- Billère et Coteaux de Jurançon
- Le Cœur de Béarn
- Hendaye-Côte Basque-Sud
- Lescar, Gave et Terres du Pont-Long
- Montagne Basque
- Orthez et Terres des Gaves et du Sel
- Ouzom, Gave et Rives du Neez
- Pays de Bidache, Amikuze et Ostibarre
- Pays de Morlaàs et du Montanérès
- Terres des Luys et Coteaux du Vic-Bilh
- Ustaritz-Vallées de Nive et Nivelle
- Vallées de l'Ousse et du Lagoin
The inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques are known as French: Basques et Béarnais (women: French: Basques et Béarnaises). The Basques live mainly in the western part of the department and the Béarnais in the eastern part. From 1790 to 1969, before the change of the name of the department, the inhabitants of this departmente were known as Bas-Pyrénéens.
The Pyrénées-Atlantiques has a population, in 2013, of 664,057, for a population density of 86.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Pau, with 303,559 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bayonne and Oloron-Sainte-Marie, have respectively 285,761 and 74,737 inhabitants.
The main cities in the department are:
|Bayonne (Basque: Baiona)||47,492||Bayonne|
|Anglet (Basque: Angelu)||39,184||Bayonne|
|Biarritz (Basque: Miarritze)||24,993||Bayonne|
|Hendaye (Basque: Hendaia)||16,887||Bayonne|
(Basque: Donibane Lohitzun)
Villa Belza in Biarritz
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
Pyrénées-Atlantiques Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.