Hautes-Pyrénées facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Hautes-Pyrénées department, in Tarbes
Location of Hautes-Pyrénées in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||4,464.0 km2 (1,723.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||51.2697/km2 (132.7879/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Haut-Pyrénéens / Bigourdans|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-65|
Hautes-Pyrénées is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created with parts of the former province of Gascony; these parts were the old province of Bigorre and the Pays des Quatre-Vallées.
Hautes-Pyrénées has an area of 4,464 km2 (1,724 sq mi), or 0.81% of the country. It is part of the Occitanie region and has two small territorial exclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages—located within the neighboring département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
The department is surrounded by the regions and departments:
- Pyrénées-Atlantiques to the west
Three natural regions can be distinguished in the department.
The Pyrénées, along the border with Spain, cover the southern half of the department, with 66% of the department. They form a natural barrier between France and Spain. More than 30 mountains here are over 3,000 m (9,800 ft) high.
The Pic Vignemale (), at 3,299 m (10,823 ft), is the highest point of the department; it is on the border with Spain. The Vignemale is in the Pyrénées National Park.
The second region of the Hautes-Pyrénées, with 17% of the territory, consists of chains low hills.
The third region, in the northern part of the department, is the plain of the Adour river and consists of largely flat agricultural land.
The climate of the department, in Tarbes, is an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.
|Climate data for Tarbes, France (altitude 360m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France, Infoclimat.fr)|
|Average high °C (°F)||10.3
|Average low °C (°F)||1.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||95.0
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||11||9||10||13||13||10||7||9||9||11||10||10||120|
|Source #1: climat.meteofrance.com|
|Source #2: infoclimat.fr|
The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Hautes-Pyrénées department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Les Coteaux
- La Haute-Bigorre
- Moyen Adour
- Neste, Aure et Louron
- Val d'Adour-Rustan-Madiranais
- La Vallée de l'Arros et des Baïses
- La Vallée de la Barousse
- La Vallée des Gaves
The inhabitants of Hautes-Pyrénées are known, in French, as Haut-Pyrénéens (women: Haut-Pyrénéennes). They are also known as the Bigourdans.
Hautes-Pyrénées has a population, in 2013, of 228,868, for a population density of 51.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tarbes, with 143,341 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Argelès-Gazost and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, have respectively 39,130 and 46,397 inhabitants.
The city with more people living in it is the capital, Tarbes (41,062), followed by Lourdes (14,644). The subprefectures of Argelès-Gazost and Bagnères-de-Bigorre have, respectively, 3,048 and 7,633 inhabitants.
Hautes-Pyrénées Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.