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Palatine, New York
Trinity Lutheran Church in Stone Arabia (1936)
Trinity Lutheran Church in Stone Arabia (1936)
Location in Montgomery County and the state of New York.
Location in Montgomery County and the state of New York.
Country United States
State New York
County Montgomery
 • Total 41.7 sq mi (108.1 km2)
 • Land 41.2 sq mi (106.7 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
778 ft (237 m)
 • Total 3,240
 • Density 78.9/sq mi (30.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-56099
GNIS feature ID 0979337

Palatine is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 3,240 at the 2010 census. The named is derived from the Palatinate in the Rhineland, the homeland of the Germans who were the earliest European settlers of this region.

The Town of Palatine is located on the north side of the Mohawk River in the northwestern part of the county.


Settlers in this area in the mid-18th century were primarily ethnic Germans from the Palatinate. Suffering from French raids in their territory, they had become refugees. Queen Anne of England arranged for the transport of several thousand Protestant Germans to the colony in 1710 and later; they first worked in camps run by the English along the Hudson River to pay off the cost of passage.

The Germans built the Palatine Church in 1770, which still holds Lutheran services. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

The Town was formed in 1788 after the American Revolutionary War from the "Palatine District" in the newly organized Montgomery County. In 1797, part of the town was used to form the Town of Salisbury (now in Herkimer County). The formation of other towns that eventually were in adjacent counties further reduced Palatine. The Town of St. Johnsville was also created in Montgomery County.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.7 square miles (108 km2), of which, 41.2 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (1.25%) is water.

The Mohawk River forms the south town line, and the north town line is the border of Fulton County, New York.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,936
1830 2,745 −30.3%
1840 2,823 2.8%
1850 2,856 1.2%
1860 2,605 −8.8%
1870 2,814 8.0%
1880 2,786 −1.0%
1890 2,871 3.1%
1900 2,569 −10.5%
1910 2,517 −2.0%
1920 2,232 −11.3%
1930 2,287 2.5%
1940 2,420 5.8%
1950 2,529 4.5%
1960 2,556 1.1%
1970 2,711 6.1%
1980 2,819 4.0%
1990 2,787 −1.1%
2000 3,061 9.8%
2010 3,240 5.8%
Est. 2014 3,227 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,070 people, 1,135 households, and 812 families residing in the town. The population density was 74.5 people per square mile (28.8/km²). There were 1,233 housing units at an average density of 29.9 per square mile (11.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.82% White, 0.62% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.

There were 1,135 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,415, and the median income for a family was $40,284. Males had a median income of $27,745 versus $22,978 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,416. About 6.9% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Palatine

  • Big Nose – A landmark at the town line in the southeast part of Palatine. Along with "Little Nose" on the opposite bank of the Mohawk River, it marks a place called "The Noses."
  • Christmans Corners – A location in the north part of the town.
  • Cook Corners – A hamlet south of Stone Arabia on Route 10 at the intersection with Dillenbeck Road.
  • Cranes Landing – A former community in the western part of the town.
  • East Stone Arabia – A hamlet east of Stone Arabia.
  • McKinley – A location in the southeast part of the town. The Van Wie Farmstead was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.
  • Nelliston – The Village of Nelliston is on the Mohawk River, opposite Fort Plain, New York.
  • Palatine Bridge – The Village of Palatine Bridge on the Mohawk River, opposite Canajoharie. The Frey House, Palatine Bridge Freight House, and Webster Wagner House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Palatine Church – A former community in the northwest part of the town.
  • Stone Arabia – A hamlet on Route 10, northeast of Palatine Bridge. Home to a large Amish community.
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