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Peterson, Iowa
City
Peterson iowa.jpg
Location of Peterson, Iowa
Location of Peterson, Iowa
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Clay
Area
 • Total 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
 • Land 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,250 ft (381 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 334
 • Estimate (2012) 330
 • Density 1,077.4/sq mi (416.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51047
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-62625
GNIS feature ID 0460102

Peterson is a city in Clay County, Iowa, United States. The population was 334 in the 2010 census, a decline from 372 in the 2000 census.

History

Peterson iowa blockhouse
Blockhouse built as part of Fort Peterson, 1862.

The first settlement was made at Peterson in 1856. In 1862 a fort was built in Peterson by settlers to defend against anticipated Dakota attacks during the Dakota War of 1862. The fort was never attacked. The blockhouse from this fort still stands near its original location at the corner of Second and Park.

Peterson was platted in 1881 when the railroad was extended to that point. The city was named for Adlie Peterson, an early settler.

Geography

Peterson's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 42.918490, -95.341502.
It is situated near the Little Sioux River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 44
1890 371
1900 521 40.4%
1910 480 −7.9%
1920 580 20.8%
1930 598 3.1%
1940 603 0.8%
1950 589 −2.3%
1960 565 −4.1%
1970 469 −17.0%
1980 470 0.2%
1990 390 −17.0%
2000 372 −4.6%
2010 334 −10.2%
Est. 2015 318 −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 334 people, 156 households, and 95 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,077.4 inhabitants per square mile (416.0/km2). There were 196 housing units at an average density of 632.3 per square mile (244.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.4% White and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 156 households of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 25% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 50.5 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.9% were from 45 to 64; and 26.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 372 people, 181 households, and 106 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,208.6 people per square mile (463.3/km²). There were 200 housing units at an average density of 649.8 per square mile (249.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population.

There were 181 households out of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.68.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 30.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $35,577. Males had a median income of $28,500 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,932. About 2.9% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

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