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Princess Anne, Maryland
Somerset County Courthouse in Princess Anne
Somerset County Courthouse in Princess Anne
Location in Somerset County and the state of Maryland
Location in Somerset County and the state of Maryland
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Coordinates: 38°12′35″N 75°41′42″W / 38.20972°N 75.69500°W / 38.20972; -75.69500Coordinates: 38°12′35″N 75°41′42″W / 38.20972°N 75.69500°W / 38.20972; -75.69500
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Somerset
Founded 1733
Incorporated 1867
Area
 • Total 1.69 sq mi (4.38 km2)
 • Land 1.67 sq mi (4.34 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
18 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,290
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,513
 • Density 2,098.57/sq mi (810.31/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21853
Area code(s) 410
FIPS code 24-64000
GNIS feature ID 0591074
Website http://www.townofprincessanne.com/

Princess Anne is a town in Somerset County, Maryland, United States, that also serves as its county seat. Its population was 3,290 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Salisbury, Maryland–Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area.

It is notable as the location of the University of Maryland Eastern Shore and the Teackle Mansion.

History

With a population just under 4,000 people, this hamlet at the head of the Manokin River was named for Princess Anne of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. It was established in 1733 and serves as the county seat for Somerset County (the southernmost county in Maryland).

In the mid-18th century, Princess Anne gained considerable importance as a market center because of the river trade. This was later augmented by the southward extension of the Eastern Shore Railroad on Maryland's Eastern Shore. At that time, the Manokin River was navigable as far as the bridge at Princess Anne.

Much of the town's architectural heritage from those days has been preserved. About 150 acres (0.6 km²) of the old town, containing about 300 structures, is entered on the National Register of Historic Places as the Princess Anne Historic District.

In addition to the Princess Anne Historic District, the Adams Farm, Beckford, Beverly, Catalpa Farm, Glebe House, Harrington, Manokin Historic District, Manokin Presbyterian Church, Mt. Zion Memorial Church, Dr. William B. Pritchard House, Somerset Academy Archaeological Site, Teackle Mansion, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Waddy House, Waterloo, and White Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Princess Anne is located at 38°12′N 75°42′W / 38.200°N 75.700°W / 38.200; -75.700 (38.204, -75.695).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.69 square miles (4.38 km2), of which, 1.67 square miles (4.33 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Princess Anne has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 805
1880 751 −6.7%
1890 865 15.2%
1900 854 −1.3%
1910 1,006 17.8%
1920 968 −3.8%
1930 975 0.7%
1940 942 −3.4%
1950 1,407 49.4%
1960 1,351 −4.0%
1970 975 −27.8%
1980 1,499 53.7%
1990 1,666 11.1%
2000 2,313 38.8%
2010 3,290 42.2%
2019 (est.) 3,513 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,290 people, 1,276 households, and 652 families living in the town. The population density was 1,970.1 inhabitants per square mile (760.7/km2). There were 1,500 housing units at an average density of 898.2 per square mile (346.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 68.4% African American, 27.1% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 1,276 households, of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.3% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.9% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the town was 24.7 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 29% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 17.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 40.1% male and 59.9% female.

Notable people

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