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Princeton, Missouri
Mercer County Courthouse and downtown
Mercer County Courthouse and downtown
Location of Princeton, Missouri
Location of Princeton, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Mercer
Area
 • Total 1.60 sq mi (4.15 km2)
 • Land 1.59 sq mi (4.12 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
961 ft (293 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,007
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,099
 • Density 691.63/sq mi (267.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64673
Area code(s) 660 Exchange:748
FIPS code 29-59942
GNIS feature ID 0724937

Princeton is the county seat and largest city of Mercer County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,007 at the 2020 census, down from the 2010 census, which counted 1,166 people. Princeton, Missouri was also the birthplace of the famous Calamity Jane.

Geography

Princeton is located at 40°23′56″N 93°35′9″W / 40.39889°N 93.58583°W / 40.39889; -93.58583 (40.398794, -93.585807). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.60 square miles (4.14 km2), of which, 1.59 square miles (4.12 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

History

Princeton Missouri sign
Princeton, Missouri historical marker

Princeton was platted in 1846. The city was named in commemoration of the Battle of Princeton in the American Revolutionary War. A post office has been in operation at Princeton since 1846.

The Herbert Cain and Corah Brantley Casteel House and Leo Ellis Post No. 22, American Legion Building are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 249
1870 389 56.2%
1880 1,240 218.8%
1890 1,410 13.7%
1900 1,575 11.7%
1910 1,385 −12.1%
1920 1,576 13.8%
1930 1,509 −4.3%
1940 1,584 5.0%
1950 1,506 −4.9%
1960 1,443 −4.2%
1970 1,328 −8.0%
1980 1,264 −4.8%
1990 1,021 −19.2%
2000 1,047 2.5%
2010 1,166 11.4%
2019 (est.) 1,099 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,166 people, 525 households, and 282 families living in the city. The population density was 733.3 inhabitants per square mile (283.1/km2). There were 632 housing units at an average density of 397.5 per square mile (153.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.9% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 525 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 24.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

Popular culture

Princeton, Missouri is also mentioned in the New York Times bestselling book, "American Gods," written by acclaimed author Neil Gaiman. On page 449, the protagonist finds himself in Princeton at dusk.

Education

Princeton is home to the Princeton R-V School District which consists of an elementary school (K-6), a junior high school (grades 7–8) and Princeton High School (grades 9-12).

Princeton has a public library, the Mercer County Library.

Notable people

  • Arthur M. Hyde, governor and U.S. Cabinet Secretary.
  • Calamity Jane, also known as Martha Jane Cannary, frontierswoman
  • Christopher Langan, a man who has been described as "the smartest man in America" by the media.
  • Ira B. Hyde , U.S. Congressman 1873–1875.
  • Laurance M. Hyde, jurist.
  • Mervin Kelly, physicist at Bell Labs
  • Russ Derry, MLB baseball player.
  • Minnetta Theodora Taylor (1860-1911), author, poet, polyglot, clubwoman, suffragist
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