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Rock Hill, Missouri
Top: The Fairfax House, Bottom Left: Trainwreck Saloon, Bottom Right: Former Rock Hill City Hall
Top: The Fairfax House, Bottom Left: Trainwreck Saloon, Bottom Right: Former Rock Hill City Hall
Location of Rock Hill, Missouri
Location of Rock Hill, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Incorporated as village April 1929
Incorporated as city April 1947
Founded by James Collier Marshall
 • Total 1.10 sq mi (2.84 km2)
 • Land 1.10 sq mi (2.84 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
541 ft (165 m)
 • Total 4,635
 • Estimate 
 • Density 4,215.33/sq mi (1,627.47/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 314
FIPS code 29-62660
GNIS feature ID 0756597

Rock Hill is a suburban town in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 4,635 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Fairfax House on the National Register of Historic Places.


Rock Hill is located at 38°36′33″N 90°22′1″W / 38.60917°N 90.36694°W / 38.60917; -90.36694 (38.609052, -90.367046).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.09 square miles (2.82 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,309
1940 1,821 39.1%
1950 3,847 111.3%
1960 6,523 69.6%
1970 6,815 4.5%
1980 5,702 −16.3%
1990 5,217 −8.5%
2000 4,765 −8.7%
2010 4,635 −2.7%
2020 4,750 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

As of 2020, there were 4,750 people living in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,635 people, 2,064 households, and 1,198 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,252.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,641.8/km2). There were 2,217 housing units at an average density of 2,033.9 per square mile (785.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.6% White, 23.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 2,064 households, of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 20.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.


The Fairfax House, Rock Hill, Missouri as seen on Monday, February 10, 2016
The Fairfax House, on the National Register of Historic Places, at its fourth location in Rock Hill.

There are seven city parks in Rock Hill:

  • Greenwood Park - East of North Rock Hill Road between Lithia and Eldridge
  • Hensley Park - Next to Salem Hills
  • Oakhaven Park - Gilbert & Oakhaven
  • Oak Trail - End of Oakhaven
  • Rock Hill Park - 827 North Rock Hill Road
  • Stroup Fields - Old Warson and McKinley
  • Whitfield Park - Berry Road & Madison Avenue


Since 1948 Rock Hill has been part of the Webster Groves School District. Three public schools are within the city's borders:

  • Hudson Middle school
  • Hudson Elementary School
  • Webster Groves givens elementary

Rock Hill School District comprised Rock Hill, parts of Ladue, Warson Woods, Kirkwood, Brentwood and Webster Groves; and was one of the first districts formed in St. Louis County. Rock Hill #I on Manchester and Rock Hill Road was established in 1909. In 1911 enrollment was 270. In 1912 two more elementary schools were built. In 1920 Rock Hill #II passed on to Brentwood when the city split from Rock Hill School District to form its own school district. Rock Hill #I was expanded with a three-story addition in 1930, the same year Rock Hill #III was razed. In 1945 ten acres were purchased for construction of a junior high school, later also a senior high school, which is today Hudson Elementary School. It was designed by Ernest J. Friton. In July 1948, voters opted to merge the district with Webster Groves School District. The Webster Groves School Board accepted the merge in September. Enrollment in Rock Hill School District was 435 at the time. Rock Hill superintendent T. Dean Adams was named as principal of Rock Hill's two schools. Rock Hill #I was renamed after long-time Rock Hill school board president Ed Schall. The NAACP sued and won the right for students on the north side of Lithia Avenue to attend Schall after schools were legally integrated in 1956.

In May 1958, Webster Groves School District voters passed a bond issue for the construction of a $1.6 million junior high school in Rock Hill and a second junior high school abutting Webster Groves Senior High School. Steger Junior High, named after Webster Groves Superintendent Leonard Steger, was built in 1960. Steger was converted to an elementary school amid budget cuts in 1978 as part of a district-wide reorganization plan. In 1983 the school district finalized plans to consolidate sixth grade teaching at Steger.

Schall School was rebuilt in 1965, then transferred to Special School District of St. Louis County in 1975. Enrollment was 172. Hudson was closed in 1978 and reopened in 1984 after remodeling. Schall was made a Department of Motor Vehicles office circa 1982.

Rock Hill Preschool

From c. 1974 Rock Hill Preschool operated out of the Parks and Recreation building on North Rock Hill Road. In March 2007 the city eliminated the preschool program as a cost-saving measure. Mayor Morgan voted against the preschool the next month when a second aldermanic vote came down to a tie.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Rock Hill (Misuri) para niños

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