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Rudy Giuliani
2019 Rudolph Giuliani, Ex-Prefeito de Nova York - 48789790128 (cropped).jpg
Giuliani in 2019
107th Mayor of New York City
In office
January 1, 1994 – December 31, 2001
Preceded by David Dinkins
Succeeded by Michael Bloomberg
United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
In office
June 3, 1983 – January 1, 1989
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by John S. Martin Jr.
Succeeded by Otto G. Obermaier
United States Associate Attorney General
In office
February 20, 1981 – June 3, 1983
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by John H. Shenefield
Succeeded by D. Lowell Jensen
Personal details
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani

(1944-05-28) May 28, 1944 (age 79)
New York City, U.S.
Political party Republican (1980–present)
Other political
Liberal (statewide)
Independent (1975–1980)
Democratic (before 1975)
Regina Peruggi
(m. 1968; div. 1982)
Donna Hanover
(m. 1984; div. 2002)
(m. 2003; div. 2019)
  • Andrew
  • Caroline
Education Manhattan College (BA)
New York University (JD)

Rudolph William Louis Giuliani (/ˌliˈɑːni/, Italian: [dʒuˈljaːni]; born May 28, 1944) is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 107th Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. He previously served as the United States Associate Attorney General from 1981 to 1983 and the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York from 1983 to 1989.

On August 14, 2023, he was indicted in the prosecution related to the 2020 election in Georgia, along with 18 other people. Giuliani was arrested on August 23, 2023.

Early life

Giuliani was born in 1944 in the East Flatbush section during the time it was an Italian-American enclave in New York City's borough of Brooklyn, the only child of working-class parents Helen (née D'Avanzo; 1909–2002) and Harold Angelo Giuliani (1908–1981), both children of Italian immigrants. Giuliani is of Tuscan descent on his father's side, as his paternal grandparents (Rodolfo and Evangelina Giuliani) were born in Montecatini Terme, Tuscany, Italy. He was raised a Roman Catholic. The family lived in East Flatbush until Harold died of cancer in 1981, whereupon Helen moved to Manhattan's Upper East Side.

When Giuliani was seven years old in 1951, his family moved from Brooklyn to Garden City South, where he attended the local Catholic school, St. Anne's. Later, he commuted back to Brooklyn to attend Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, graduating in 1961.

Reagan Contact Sheet C20382 (cropped)
Giuliani greeting President Ronald Reagan in 1984

Giuliani attended Manhattan College in Riverdale, Bronx, where he majored in political science with a minor in philosophy and considered becoming a priest. Giuliani was elected president of his class in his sophomore year, but was not re-elected in his junior year. He joined the Phi Rho Pi college forensic fraternity and honor society. He graduated in 1965. Giuliani decided to forgo the priesthood and instead attended the New York University School of Law in Manhattan, where he was a member of the NYU Law Review and graduated cum laude with a Juris Doctor degree in 1968.

Giuliani started his political life as a Democrat. He volunteered for Robert F. Kennedy's presidential campaign in 1968. He also worked as a Democratic Party committeeman on Long Island in the mid-1960s and voted for George McGovern for president in 1972.

Legal career

Giuliani first high-profile prosecution was of Democratic U.S. Representative Bertram L. Podell (NY-13), who was convicted of corruption. Podell pleaded guilty to conspiracy and conflict of interest for accepting more than $41,000 in campaign contributions and legal fees from a Florida airline to obtain federal rights for a Bahama route. Podell, who maintained a legal practice while serving in Congress, said the payments were legitimate legal fees. The Washington Post later reported: "The trial catapulted future New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani to front-page status when, as assistant U.S. attorney, he relentlessly cross-examined an initially calm Rep. Podell. The congressman reportedly grew more flustered and eventually decided to plead guilty."

From 1977 to 1981, during the Carter administration, Giuliani practiced law at the Patterson, Belknap, Webb and Tyler law firm, as chief of staff to his former boss, Ace Tyler. In later years, Tyler became "disillusioned" by what Tyler described as Giuliani's time as US Attorney, criticizing several of his prosecutions as "overkill".

Rudy Giuliani ribbon-cutting ceremony
Giuliani cutting the ribbon of the new mobile museum in Dallas, Texas, in September 2003

In 1981, Giuliani was named associate attorney general in the Reagan administration, the third-highest position in the Department of Justice. As Associate Attorney General, Giuliani supervised the U.S. Attorney Offices' federal law enforcement agencies, the Department of Corrections and the United States Marshals Service.

In 1983, Giuliani was appointed to be U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, which was technically a demotion but was sought by Giuliani because of his desire to personally litigate cases and because the SDNY is considered the highest-profile United States Attorney's Office in the country and as such is often used by those who have held the position as a springboard for running for public office. It was in this position that he first gained national prominence by prosecuting numerous high-profile cases, resulting in the convictions of Wall Street figures Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken. He also focused on prosecuting organized crime and corruption in government. He amassed a record of 4,152 convictions and 25 reversals.

Giuliani led the 1980s federal prosecution of New York City mafia bosses as U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. It ran from February 25, 1985, through November 19, 1986. Giuliani indicted eleven organized crime figures, including the heads of New York City's so-called "Five Families", under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO). Time magazine called this "case of cases" possibly "the most significant assault on the infrastructure of organized crime since the high command of the Chicago Mafia was swept away in 1943". However, three heads of the Five Families were sentenced to 100 years in prison on January 13, 1987.

In June 2021 Giuliani had his license to practice law suspended in the state of New York, pending an investigation related to the disputed 2020 presidential election.

After a failed campaign for Mayor of New York City in the 1989 election, he succeeded in 1993, and was reelected in 1997, campaigning on a "tough on crime" platform.

In Giuliani's first term as mayor, the New York City Police Department – at the instigation of Commissioner Bill Bratton – adopted an aggressive enforcement/deterrent strategy based on James Q. Wilson's "Broken Windows" approach. This involved crackdowns on relatively minor offenses such as graffiti, turnstile jumping, and aggressive panhandling by "squeegee men", on the theory that this would send a message that order would be maintained.

The Giuliani administration advocated the privatization of the city's public schools, which he called "dysfunctional", and the reduction of state funding for them. He advocated a voucher-based system to promote private schooling. Giuliani supported protection for illegal immigrants. He continued a policy of preventing city employees from contacting the Immigration and Naturalization Service about immigration violations, on the grounds that illegal aliens should be able to take actions such as sending their children to school or reporting crimes to the police without fear of deportation.

Giuliani Bush
Giuliani and President George W. Bush in Las Cruces, New Mexico, on August 26, 2004

During his mayoralty, gay and lesbian New Yorkers received domestic partnership rights. Giuliani induced the city's Democratic-controlled New York City Council, which had avoided the issue for years, to pass legislation providing broad protection for same-sex partners. In 1998, he codified local law by granting all city employees equal benefits for their domestic partners.

Rudy Giuliani New York After 9-11
Thomas Von Essen and Giuliani at the New York Foreign Press Center Briefing on "New York City After September 11, 2001"

He led New York's controversial "civic cleanup" as its mayor from 1994 to2001. Mayor Giuliani appointed an outsider, William Bratton, as New York City's new police commissioner. Reforming the police department's administration and policing practices, they applied the broken windows theory, which cites social disorder, like disrepair and vandalism, for attracting loitering panhandlers, followed by serious and violent criminals. For example, Giuliani removed panhandlers from Times Square. As crime rates fell steeply, well ahead of the national average pace, Giuliani was widely credited, though later critics cite other contributing factors. In 2000, he ran against First Lady Hillary Clinton for a US Senate seat from New York, but left the race once diagnosed with prostate cancer. For his mayoral leadership after the September 11 attacks in 2001, he was called "America's mayor". Polls taken just six weeks after the attack showed a 79 percent approval rating among New York City voters. He was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2001 and was given an honorary knighthood in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

In 2002, Giuliani founded a security consulting business, Giuliani Partners, and acquired, but later sold, an investment banking firm, Giuliani Capital Advisors.

Since leaving office as mayor, Giuliani has remained politically active by campaigning for Republican candidates for political offices at all levels. After campaigning on Bush's behalf in the U.S. presidential election of 2004, he was reportedly the top choice for Secretary of Homeland Security after Tom Ridge's resignation.

911- President George W. Bush Addresses Joint Session of Congress, 09-20-2001. (6124236379)
Giuliani, on right, at a joint session of Congress on September 20, 2001, in which President Bush praised his efforts as mayor and named Tom Ridge to a new cabinet-level position to oversee homeland defense initiatives

Giuliani was described by Newsweek in January 2007 as "one of the most consistent cheerleaders for the president's handling of the war in Iraq" and as of June 2007, he remained one of the few candidates for president to unequivocally support both the basis for the invasion and the execution of the war.

In 2005, he joined a law firm, renamed Bracewell & Giuliani. Vying for the Republican Party's 2008 presidential nomination, Giuliani was an early frontrunner yet did poorly in the primary election; he later withdrew and endorsed the party's subsequent nominee, John McCain. Declining to run for New York governor in 2010 and for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012, Giuliani focused on the activities of his business firms. In addition, he has often been engaged for public speaking, political commentary, and Republican campaign support.

Rudy Giuliani (28756447363)
Giuliani speaking at a campaign event for Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump on August 31, 2016

Giuliani joined President Donald Trump's personal legal team in April 2018. His activities as Trump's attorney have drawn renewed media scrutiny, in particular due to allegations that he engaged in corruption and profiteering.

In late 2019, Giuliani was reportedly under federal investigation for violating lobbying laws, and possibly several other charges, as a central figure in the Trump–Ukraine scandal, which resulted in Trump's first impeachment.

In November 2020, after Joe Biden was named president-elect, Trump placed Giuliani in charge of lawsuits related to alleged voter irregularities in the 2020 United States presidential election. Trump designated Giuliani to lead a legal team to challenge the election results, telling Giuliani to "go wild" and "do anything you want" in his efforts to overturn them.

By January 8, 2021, Trump and his team had lost 63 lawsuits. A month later, when Trump was out of office, Giuliani was no longer representing him in any pending cases, according to a Trump adviser.

On June 24, 2021, a New York appellate court suspended Giuliani's law license. The panel of five justices found that there was "uncontroverted" evidence that Giuliani made "demonstrably false and misleading statements to courts, lawmakers and the public". His license was also suspended in Washington, D.C., on July 7, 2021.

On August 1, 2023, the Justice Department's special counsel investigating Trump's efforts to overturn the 2020 election charged Giuliani with four criminal counts related to those efforts.

On August 14, 2023, Giuliani was indicted, along with Donald Trump and 17 others, by an Atlanta, Georgia, grand jury. The 41-count indictment charged the group of 19 under state racketeering laws for conspiring to "change the outcome of the election in favor of Trump."

Other ventures

Tomislav Nikolic & Rudy
Serbian president Tomislav Nikolić and Giuliani at a joint press conference, 2012


In January 2020, Giuliani launched a podcast, Rudy Giuliani's Common Sense.

Television appearances

Giuliani was reportedly revealed to be the first unmasking on the seventh season of The Masked Singer, which caused judges Ken Jeong and Robin Thicke to leave the set. Giuliani actually turned out to be the ninth unmasking as "Jack in the Box" of Team Bad. He mentioned that he partook in this show to do it for his newborn granddaughter. It was during his unmasked performance of George Thorogood's "Bad to the Bone" when Jeong walked off.

Personal life

Nancy Reagan Rudy Giuliani Vito Fossella
Congressman Vito Fossella, First Lady Nancy Reagan, and Giuliani, 2002

Giuliani married Regina Peruggi, whom he had known since childhood, on October 26, 1968. The marriage was in trouble by the mid-1970s and they agreed to a trial separation in 1975. The couple had no children.

Giuliani married Donna Hanover in a Catholic ceremony at St. Monica's Church in Manhattan on April 15, 1984. They had two children, Andrew and Caroline Rose, who is a filmmaker.

New York Air National Guard Major with Giulianis
A New York Air National Guard major poses with Rudy and Judith Giuliani at Yankee Stadium in April 2009

Giuliani filed for divorce from Hanover in October 2000. Giuliani and Hanover finally settled their divorce case in July 2002 after his mayoralty had ended, with Giuliani paying Hanover a $6.8 million settlement and granting her custody of their children. Giuliani married Judith Nathan on May 24, 2003, and gained a stepdaughter, Whitney. It was also Nathan's third marriage after two divorces.

Nathan filed for divorce from Giuliani on April 4, 2018, after 15 years of marriage. The divorce was settled on December 10, 2019.

As of 2018, Ryan was married to United States Marine Corps veteran Robert Ryan.

Awards and honors

  • In 1998, Giuliani received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York".
  • Savoy House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross (motu proprio) of the Order of Merit of Savoy (December 2001)
  • United Kingdom For his leadership on and after September 11, Giuliani was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on February 13, 2002.
  • Czech Republic He was awarded Medal of Heroism by President of the Czech Republic Václav Havel on October 28, 2002.
  • Giuliani was named Time magazine's "Person of the Year" for 2001
  • In 2002, Giuliani was given an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
  • In 2002, the Episcopal Diocese of New York gave Giuliani the Fiorello LaGuardia Public Service Award for Valor and Leadership in the Time of Global Crisis.
  • Also in 2002, former First Lady Nancy Reagan awarded Giuliani the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award.
  • In 2002, he received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.
  • In 2003, Giuliani received the Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award
  • In 2004, construction began on the Rudolph W. Giuliani Trauma Center at St. Vincent's Hospital in New York.
  • In 2005, Giuliani received honorary degrees from Loyola College in Maryland and Middlebury College. In 2007, Giuliani received an honorary doctorate in public administration from The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina. In 2021, Middlebury announced that it was revoking the degree given to Giuliani.
  • In 2006, Rudy and Judith Giuliani were honored by the American Heart Association at its annual Heart of the Hamptons benefit in Water Mill, New York.
  • In 2007, Giuliani was honored by the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF), receiving the NIAF Special Achievement Award for Public Service.
  • In 2007, Giuliani was awarded the Margaret Thatcher Medal of Freedom by the Atlantic Bridge.
  • In the 2009 graduation ceremony for Drexel University's Earle Mack School of Law, Giuliani was the keynote speaker and recipient of an honorary degree. In 2021, Drexel announced that it was rescinding the degree.
  • Giuliani was the Robert C. Vance Distinguished Lecturer at Central Connecticut State University in 2013.
  • Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa, University of Rhode Island, 2003 (revoked January 2022)

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Rudy Giuliani para niños

  • Disputes surrounding the 2020 United States presidential election results
  • Electoral history of Rudy Giuliani
  • Political positions of Rudy Giuliani
  • Public image of Rudy Giuliani
  • Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections
  • Timeline of New York City, 1990s–2000s

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