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Russian Mission

Iqugmiut
Iqurmiut Traditional Council
Russian Mission aerial view.jpg
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Coordinates: 61°47′8″N 161°20′3″W / 61.78556°N 161.33417°W / 61.78556; -161.33417Coordinates: 61°47′8″N 161°20′3″W / 61.78556°N 161.33417°W / 61.78556; -161.33417
Country  United States
State  Alaska
Census Area Kusilvak
ANCSA regional corporation Calista
Incorporated October 28, 1970
Area
 • Total 5.72 sq mi (14.82 km2)
 • Land 5.37 sq mi (13.90 km2)
 • Water 0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2)
Elevation
52 ft (16 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 421
 • Density 78.43/sq mi (30.28/km2)
Time zone UTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
99657
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-65700
GNIS feature ID 1408925

Russian Mission (Central Yupik: Iqugmiut ; Russian: Икогмют - Ikogmiut, now Рашен-Мишен) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of a fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. After the sale of Russian-American possessions to the United States in 1867, it was officially named Russian Mission in the early 1900s. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2010 census the population was 312, up from 296 in 2000.

Geography

Russian Mission is located at 61°47′8″N 161°20′3″W / 61.78556°N 161.33417°W / 61.78556; -161.33417 (61.785522, -161.334074).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16 km2), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (8.27%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 148
1890 140 −5.4%
1900 166 18.6%
1920 90
1930 54 −40.0%
1940 34 −37.0%
1950 55 61.8%
1960 102 85.5%
1970 146 43.1%
1980 169 15.8%
1990 246 45.6%
2000 296 20.3%
2010 312 5.4%
2020 421 34.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

Russian Mission first reported on the 1880 U.S. Census as Ikogmute Mission, an unincorporated Inuit village & Russian Orthodox Mission. It appeared on the 1890 census as "Ikogmiut", but included the nearby village of "Pokrovskaia" (called Pogoreshapka on the 1880 U.S. Census). In 1900, it was returned again as Ikogmute Mission. In 1920, it would be officially returned as Russian Mission. It would formally incorporate in 1970.

As of the census of 2000, there were 296 people, 70 households, and 60 families residing in the city. The population density was 52.3 people per square mile (20.2/km2). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.92% Native American and 6.08% White.

There were 70 households, out of which 67.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 24.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.9% were non-families . 10.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.51.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 48.0% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 11.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 19 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $22,500. Males had a median income of $17,083 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,358. About 15.6% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.4% of those 65 or over.

Most residents are Russian Orthodox, with a Roman Catholic minority.

Climate

Climate data for Russian Mission, Alaska (1966-1987 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 13.6
(-10.22)
13.9
(-10.06)
24.9
(-3.94)
32.8
(0.44)
50.6
(10.33)
60.2
(15.67)
63.8
(17.67)
61.1
(16.17)
51.9
(11.06)
35.3
(1.83)
23.6
(-4.67)
15.1
(-9.39)
37.23
(2.907)
Average low °F (°C) -5.0
(-20.56)
-4.8
(-20.44)
2.2
(-16.56)
11.1
(-11.61)
31.5
(-0.28)
40.7
(4.83)
45.2
(7.33)
43.7
(6.5)
34.0
(1.11)
20.6
(-6.33)
8.5
(-13.06)
-2.1
(-18.94)
18.8
(-7.333)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.41
(35.8)
0.65
(16.5)
1.12
(28.4)
1.16
(29.5)
0.88
(22.4)
1.58
(40.1)
2.49
(63.2)
2.98
(75.7)
2.33
(59.2)
2.11
(53.6)
1.86
(47.2)
1.95
(49.5)
20.52
(521.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 16.5
(41.9)
5.7
(14.5)
7.9
(20.1)
7.4
(18.8)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
3.1
(7.9)
13.3
(33.8)
16.4
(41.7)
70.5
(179.1)
Source: "http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ak8054"

Transportation

Russian Mission is served by Russian Mission Airport.

Education

K-12 students attend Russian Mission School, operated by the Lower Yukon School District.

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