San Juan Province, Argentina facts for kids

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San Juan
Province
Ischigualasto
Ischigualasto
Flag of San Juan
Flag
Coat of arms of San Juan
Coat of arms
Location of San Juan within Argentina
Location of San Juan within Argentina
Country Argentina
Capital San Juan
Departments 19
Districts 100
Area
Ranked 15th
 • Total 155,488 km2 (60,034 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 680,427 (Ranked 8th)
Demonym(s) sanjuanino
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
ISO 3166 code AR-J
Website sanjuan.cfired.org.ar

San Juan is a province of Argentina. It is in the western part of the country. It borders with Chile at the west. The entire province has an important number of paleontological sites.

Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities, especially wine production and Olive oil. It is also an important center of mining and oil production.

Geography and climate

Estancia Maradona, provincia de San Juan, Argentina
The Andes as seen from Estancia Maradona

The province is part of the continental semi-desert Cuyo region. The arid plains start on the east, with a few low hills in the middle and swiftly turn into 6,000-meter-high mountain peaks towards the west. Both areas are subject to the dry hot Zonda (a kind of foehn wind). Most of the precipitations take place during the summer, often as electrical storms.

The hot wind has modeled the clay-rich red soil into Pampa del Leoncito (Reserva Natural Estricta El Leoncito) and Valle de la Luna (Parque Provincial Ischigualasto) 200-million-year-old geological formations.

The Jáchal and San Juan rivers, both part of Desaguadero River system, are the source of fertile valleys and centre of the province's economy. The San Juan River finishes in the Huanacache lagoons (sometimes called Guanacache), on the southeast.

The Andes of San Juan Province belong to the Dry Andes climatic province. Permafrost is widespread above 3000 masl in the Andes and rock glaciers are common.

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