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Satsuma, Alabama
"Enjoy Quality of Life in Satsuma"
Location in Mobile County, Alabama
Location in Mobile County, Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Mobile
 • Total 7.40 sq mi (19.16 km2)
 • Land 7.35 sq mi (19.03 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
13 ft (4 m)
 • Total 6,749
 • Density 918.48/sq mi (354.62/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-68352
GNIS feature ID 0126426

Satsuma is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. At the 2020 census, the population was 6,749, up from 6,168 at the 2010 census. Known prior to 1915 as "Fig Tree Island", the city was named after the satsuma orange, which was successfully cultivated and grown in Alabama starting in 1878, a gift from Emperor Meiji of Japan. Satsuma is a part of the Mobile metropolitan area.


Satsuma is located at 30°51′16″N 88°3′16″W / 30.85444°N 88.05444°W / 30.85444; -88.05444 (30.854518, -88.054415).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles (17 km2), of which 6.5 square miles (17 km2) is land and 0.15% is water.


The area was inhabited for thousands of years by differing cultures of indigenous peoples.

  • 1878 Farmers introduced Mandarin Satsuma oranges to Alabama from Japan for cultivation
  • 1900 Satsuma area known as Fig Tree Island
  • 1910 Pace Orange Orchard had about 100 acres (0.40 km2) of pecans and satsuma trees on the area
  • 1915 Town named "Satsuma"
  • 1918 Mr. Norman E. McConaghy hired as manager of the Satsuma Orange & Pecan Groves Company.
  • 1922 Packing house built; still stands above Mac's Landing
  • 1912-1924 Satsuma trees damaged by cold weather and citrus canker
  • 1959 Plans for a Town Charter submitted to the County of Mobile and the State of Alabama were approved. April 6, 1959 was the first municipal election.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,491
1970 2,035 36.5%
1980 3,822 87.8%
1990 5,194 35.9%
2000 5,687 9.5%
2010 6,168 8.5%
2020 6,749 9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 6,168 people in 2,290 households, including 1,774 families, in the city. The population density was 948.9 people per square mile (365.0/km2). There were 2,416 housing units at an average density of 371.7 per square mile (143.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.7% White, 7.9% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,290 households 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.8% of households were one person and 8.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% 65 or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median household income was $59,289 and the median family income was $63,333. Males had a median income of $46,938 versus $33,791 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,087. About 0% of families and 0.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Satsuma racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,733 84.95%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 525 7.78%
Native American 88 1.3%
Asian 29 0.43%
Pacific Islander 3 0.04%
Other/Mixed 286 4.24%
Hispanic or Latino 85 1.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,749 people, 2,205 households, and 1,705 families residing in the city.


Satsuma is served by the Satsuma City School System, following the successful separation from the Mobile County Public School System in 2012.

Satsuma voted on April 12, 2011 to create its own school system. The Satsuma City School System is served by two schools, Robert E. Lee Elementary (K-6) and Satsuma High School (7-12).

Before separation from Mobile

Before the Satsuma City School System was founded, the schools that served Satsuma included Robert E. Lee Primary School (Kindergarten through 2), Robert E. Lee Intermediate School (3 through 5), North Mobile County Middle School (6-8), Satsuma High School (9-12). Lee Primary, Lee Intermediate, and Satsuma High were in the city of Satsuma, while North Mobile County Middle was in Axis.

Before the Saraland City Schools system formed, Satsuma residents attended Adams Middle School in Saraland. In 2003, officials of Satsuma, Saraland, and Chickasaw contemplated forming the "Delta School District." Such a split would have required an act from the Alabama Legislature. In June 2006, the City of Saraland voted to break away from the Mobile County Public School System and form its own school system. On September 7, 2010 North Mobile County Middle School opened, replacing the role of Adams Middle School in Saraland, because residents outside of Saraland are no longer zoned to Adams Middle.

Satsuma residents considered leaving Mobile County schools since circa 2001. In 2010, the City of Satsuma began conducting a study on whether it can split from the Mobile County school system. Tom Williams, a council member of Satsuma, said he began considering splitting once Mobile County decided to situate the new middle school in Axis, 12 miles (19 km) from Satsuma, since students have longer bus rides to the school and that the school is further away from fire and police stations. The Mobile County government built the school outside of the Satsuma city limits so the city government would be unable to possess the school if it opted to secede.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Satsuma (Alabama) para niños

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