Shafter, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Shafter
City
Fountain in downtown Shafter
Fountain in downtown Shafter
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Country  United States
State  California
County Kern
Incorporated January 20, 1938
Area
 • Total 27.945 sq mi (72.376 km2)
 • Land 27.945 sq mi (72.376 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 348 ft (106 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,988
 • Density 607.908/sq mi (234.719/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93263
Area code 661 Exchange: 746
FIPS code 06-71106
GNIS feature IDs 1661428, 2411873
Website www.shafter.com

Shafter is a city in Kern County, California, United States. It is located 18 miles (29 km) west-northwest of Bakersfield. The population was 16,988 at the 2010 census, up from 12,736 at the 2000 census.

The city is located along State Route 43. Suburbs of Shafter include Myricks Corner, North Shafter, Smith's Corner, and Thomas Lane.

History

2010-1227-GreenHotel-Shafter
The Green Hotel.
2010-1227-SantaFe-Shafter
The Shafter Depot Museum is housed within the old Santa Fe Passenger and Freight Depot.

The city of Shafter began as a loading dock along the Santa Fe Railroad right-of-way. The community was named for General William Rufus Shafter who commanded US Forces in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. Property was sold beginning in 1914 and the city incorporated in 1938.

The first post office opened in 1898, moved in 1902, closed in 1905. A new postal service started in 1914.

Also of historical note, Shafter is home to Minter Field, which began operations in June 1941 and saw heavy use during World War II. Approximately 7,000 troops were stationed at the airstrip which hosted up to 600 prisoners of war as well. Today it is publicly owned and administered by the Minter Field Airport District and serves as an industrial center and airport for crop dusters and private aircraft. The Minter Field Museum is maintained on location as well.

The first truly successful human powered airplane, the Gossamer Condor, piloted by Bryan Allen won the Kremer prize on August 23, 1977 at Shafter's Minter Field. Allen piloted, and powered, the Paul MacCready designed airplane along the one mile long figure '8' course with two 10 foot high obstacles as specified by the Royal Aeronautical Society to claim the £50,000 prize. A California State Monument is located at the Field for this event.

The Shafter Historical Society also maintains two other museums. The Green Hotel and the Shafter Depot Museum emphasize various aspects of the daily lives of Shafter residents in years past; both structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 2009, a Shafter High School senior, Anna Jelmini, received the key to the city for placing in the Junior Olympics. She also fell just short of meeting the standards for the 2008 Olympics.

In 2013 Shafter celebrated the 100 year anniversary of its founding. The Centennial Celebration included several events highlighting the history of the town, including a flyover of a PT-13 Training Plane that was stationed at Minter Field during World War II.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.9 square miles (72.3 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Climate data for Shafter, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81.0
(27.22)
86.0
(30)
93.0
(33.89)
101.0
(38.33)
109.0
(42.78)
113.0
(45)
115.0
(46.11)
113.0
(45)
111.0
(43.89)
105.0
(40.56)
92.0
(33.33)
81.0
(27.22)
115
(-17.78)
Average high °F (°C) 57.0
(13.89)
65.0
(18.33)
70.0
(21.11)
78.0
(25.56)
87.0
(30.56)
94.0
(34.44)
99.0
(37.22)
98.0
(36.67)
92.0
(33.33)
82.0
(27.78)
67.0
(19.44)
57.0
(13.89)
78.83
(26.019)
Average low °F (°C) 37.0
(2.78)
40.0
(4.44)
43.0
(6.11)
47.0
(8.33)
53.0
(11.67)
59.0
(15)
63.0
(17.22)
62.0
(16.67)
58.0
(14.44)
49.0
(9.44)
40.0
(4.44)
34.0
(1.11)
48.75
(9.306)
Record low °F (°C) 19.0
(-7.22)
22.0
(-5.56)
26.0
(-3.33)
31.0
(-0.56)
39.0
(3.89)
43.0
(6.11)
49.0
(9.44)
46.0
(7.78)
41.0
(5)
29.0
(-1.67)
21.0
(-6.11)
14.0
(-10)
14
(-17.78)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.34
(34)
1.37
(34.8)
1.60
(40.6)
0.58
(14.7)
0.24
(6.1)
0.13
(3.3)
0.01
(0.3)
0.03
(0.8)
0.18
(4.6)
0.34
(8.6)
0.64
(16.3)
0.88
(22.4)
7.34
(186.4)
Source: The Weather Channel "Monthly Averages for Shafter, CA". The Weather Channel Interactive, Inc. 2011. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/fitness/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/93263. Retrieved 2011-01-12.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,258
1950 2,207 75.4%
1960 4,576 107.3%
1970 5,327 16.4%
1980 7,010 31.6%
1990 8,409 20.0%
2000 12,736 51.5%
2010 16,988 33.4%
Est. 2015 18,336 7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shafter had a population of 16,988. The population density was 607.9 people per square mile (234.7/km²). The racial makeup of Shafter was 8,150 (48.0%) White, 219 (1.3%) African American, 198 (1.2%) Native American, 111 (0.7%) Asian, 19 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 7,645 (45.0%) from other races, and 646 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,634 persons (80.3%).

The Census reported that 16,323 people (96.1% of the population) lived in households, 148 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 517 (3.0%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,230 households, out of which 2,583 (61.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,562 (60.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 720 (17.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 365 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 345 (8.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 34 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 446 households (10.5%) were made up of individuals and 203 (4.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.86. There were 3,647 families (86.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.11.

The population was spread out with 6,121 people (36.0%) under the age of 18, 2,126 people (12.5%) aged 18 to 24, 4,666 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 2,951 people (17.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,124 people (6.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.9 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

There were 4,521 housing units at an average density of 161.8 per square mile (62.5/km²), of which 2,471 (58.4%) were owner-occupied, and 1,759 (41.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 9,552 people (56.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 6,771 people (39.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,736 people, 3,293 households, and 2,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 708.4 people per square mile (273.5/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 201.6 per square mile (77.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.0% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.75% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. 65.0% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,293 households out of which 52.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.2% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67 and the average family size was 3.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 36.6% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,515, and the median income for a family was $31,457. Males had a median income of $31,605 versus $21,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,961. About 22.5% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

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