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Shoals, Indiana
Martin County courthouse in Shoals
Martin County courthouse in Shoals
Location of Shoals in Martin County, Indiana.
Location of Shoals in Martin County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Martin
Township Center, Halbert
 • Total 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Land 1.82 sq mi (4.72 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
505 ft (154 m)
 • Total 677
 • Density 371.16/sq mi (143.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 812, 930
FIPS code 18-69552
GNIS feature ID 443428

Shoals is a town in Center and Halbert townships and the county seat of Martin County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 756 at the 2010 census.

The Shoals community is best known for the Jug Rock, the only free-standing table rock formation east of the Mississippi River. The Shoals Catfish Festival is held annually on the July 4th holiday weekend.


Shoals was originally called Memphis, and under the latter name was platted in 1844.

Shoals is also known for making mother of pearl buttons during the early 20th-century. They were made out of mussels from the White River.


Shoals is located at 38°39′59″N 86°47′33″W / 38.66639°N 86.79250°W / 38.66639; -86.79250 (38.666409, -86.792391).

According to the 2010 census, Shoals has a total area of 1.883 square miles (4.88 km2), of which 1.79 square miles (4.64 km2) (or 95.06%) is land and 0.093 square miles (0.24 km2) (or 4.94%) is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Shoals has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 513
1880 706 37.6%
1890 738 4.5%
1900 683 −7.5%
1910 1,015 48.6%
1920 1,034 1.9%
1930 1,128 9.1%
1940 1,031 −8.6%
1950 1,039 0.8%
1960 1,022 −1.6%
1970 1,039 1.7%
1980 967 −6.9%
1990 853 −11.8%
2000 807 −5.4%
2010 756 −6.3%
2020 677 −10.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 756 people, 376 households, and 189 families living in the town. The population density was 422.3 inhabitants per square mile (163.1/km2). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 233.5 per square mile (90.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 376 households, of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.7% were non-families. 46.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the town was 47.1 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 24.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.


Shoals' major employers are the gypsum mines that were discovered in the mid-20th century. Two major mines employ more than 400 workers. The National Gypsum mine is located two miles outside Shoals and is the United States' deepest at 515 feet.


The town has a lending library, the Shoals Public Library. Public education is administered by Shoals Public Schools.

Notable people

  • Frank Gilkison, Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court
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