Martin County, Indiana facts for kids

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Martin County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 20, 1820
Seat Shoals
Largest City Loogootee
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

340.41 sq mi (882 km²)
335.74 sq mi (870 km²)
4.67 sq mi (12 km²), 1.37%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,334
31/sq mi (11.87/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.loogootee.com/government/martincountygovernment.html
Named for: Major John T. Martin
Indiana county number 51

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,334. The county seat is Shoals.

History

Martin County was formed in 1820 from Daviess and Dubois Counties. It was named for Maj. John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 340.41 square miles (881.7 km2), of which 335.74 square miles (869.6 km2) (or 98.63%) is land and 4.67 square miles (12.1 km2) (or 1.37%) is water.

Most of the land in Martin County is owned by the US Government. About a third of the county belongs to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, and about a quarter of the county belongs to Hoosier National Forest.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Hoosier National Forest (part)

Highways

  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • US 150.svg U.S. Route 150
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • Indiana 450.svg State Road 450
  • Indiana 550.svg State Road 550
  • Indiana 650.svg State Road 650

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Shoals, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
37
19
 
 
2.9
 
43
22
 
 
4.3
 
54
31
 
 
4.5
 
65
40
 
 
5.6
 
75
50
 
 
4.2
 
83
59
 
 
4.7
 
86
64
 
 
3.8
 
85
62
 
 
3.4
 
79
54
 
 
3.1
 
68
42
 
 
4.5
 
54
34
 
 
3.5
 
42
24
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Shoals have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.92 inches (74 mm) in February to 5.60 inches (142 mm) in May.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Center
  • Halbert
  • Lost River
  • Mitcheltree
  • Perry
  • Rutherford

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,032
1830 2,010 94.8%
1840 3,875 92.8%
1850 5,941 53.3%
1860 8,975 51.1%
1870 11,103 23.7%
1880 13,475 21.4%
1890 13,973 3.7%
1900 14,711 5.3%
1910 12,950 −12.0%
1920 11,865 −8.4%
1930 10,103 −14.9%
1940 10,300 1.9%
1950 10,678 3.7%
1960 10,608 −0.7%
1970 10,969 3.4%
1980 11,001 0.3%
1990 10,369 −5.7%
2000 10,369 0.0%
2010 10,334 −0.3%
Est. 2015 10,226 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,334 people, 4,216 households, and 2,832 families residing in the county. The population density was 30.8 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 4,786 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.8% were German, 19.2% were Irish, 14.9% were English, and 12.7% were American.

Of the 4,216 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families, and 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 41.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $55,017. Males had a median income of $41,411 versus $30,503 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,750. About 8.6% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.


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