St. Basil's Cathedral facts for kids
|Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat|
Saint Basil's Cathedral as viewed from Red Square
|Location||Red Square, Moscow, Russia|
|Year consecrated||12 July 1561|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||State Historical Museum with occasional church services since 1991|
|Architect(s)||Barma and Postnik Yakovlev|
|Height (max)||47.5 metres (156 ft)|
|Dome height (inner)||ff|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name: Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow|
|Criteria:||i, ii, iv, vi|
|Region:||Europe and North America|
St. Basil's Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Intercession, is a very famous cathedral in Moscow, Russia was commissioned by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible), for Saint Basil the Blessed. It is in the area called Red Square. It was built in 1555-1560.
The cathedral is very magnificent. It has 8 distinctive onion-shaped towers. The building itself is made up of separate chapels. There is a ninth spire in the middle, forming an eight-point star. The Cathedral should not be mistaken for the Moscow Kremlin.
The cathedral has escaped destruction many times. Napoleon Bonaparte decided to take it to Paris, but such an undertaking would have been impossible. Instead, he ordered it to be demolished. Explosives were lit, but torrential rain suddenly started, extinguishing the fuses. Joseph Stalin also ordered it to be destroyed, since it interfered with parades. However, his architect stood on the stairs and demanded that he leave the cathedral, or he would slit his own throat then and there. Miraculously, Stalin agreed. The city of Moscow also caught fire numerous times, and the cathedral wasn't spared. Even so, it still stands to this very day.
Images for kids
Red Square, early 17th-century. Fragment from Bleau Atlas. The structure with three roof tents in foreground left is the original detached belfry of the Trinity Church, not drawn to scale. Trinity Church stands behind it, slightly closer to the road starting at St. Frol's (later Saviour's ) Gate of the Kremlin. The horseshoe-shaped object near the road in the foreground is Lobnoye Mesto.
St. Basil's Cathedral Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.