Strasburg, Virginia facts for kids

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Strasburg, Virginia
Town
Strasburg Theater
Strasburg Theater
Flag of Strasburg, Virginia
Flag
Official seal of Strasburg, Virginia
Seal
Nickname(s): Pot Town
Country United States
State Virginia
County Shenandoah
Founded 1761
Incorporated 1871
Founded by Peter Stover
Area
 • Total 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Land 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 578 ft (176 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,398
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 22657
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-76000
GNIS feature ID 1487663
Website www.strasburgva.com

Strasburg /ˈstrɑːzbərɡ/ is a town in Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States, which was founded in 1761 by Peter Stover. It is the largest town by population in the county and is known for its pottery, antiques, and Civil War history. The population was 6,398 at the 2010 census.

History

Early settlers

German-speaking Pennsylvanians were among the first non-native settlers to arrive in the northern Shenandoah Valley and Strasburg area. The luscious greenery and fertile land were prime targets for immigrant farmers. On August 21, 1734 speculator Henry Willis was granted 2,030 acres (8.2 km2) total of this land by William Gooch, Virginia's Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief. Gooch wished to settle the valley to create a buffer between Native American tribes and the rest of the Virginia colony. During the summer of 1735, Willis sold his entire property to Jacob Funk. Jacob in return, partitioned his new purchase, reselling a part of it to his brother John.

In contrast to the English culture found east of the Blue Ridge, Strasburg was settled with family farms and towns rather than plantations; few slaves; and Germanic language, religions, architecture and decorative arts. The thriving agricultural community that developed in the fertile bottomland along the banks of the Shenandoah River boasted scenic views of the Massanutten and Allegheny Mountains. Later nicknamed “Pot Town,” Strasburg also became a center for the production of both utilitarian and fancy earthenware and stoneware pottery. During the 19th and 20th centuries, many residents worked for the railroad industry and at limestone quarries; after WW II, other industries came to Strasburg, including paper and auto parts manufacture. Today Strasburg boasts a growing service economy, museums, charming eateries, numerous antique stores and other shops. Despite its location only 80 miles from Metro D.C. Strasburg has maintained its hospitable small town charm.

Founder

Peter Stover (Petrus Stauffer) is considered the founder of the town of Strasburg. Stover was born in 1715 to a German-Swiss father, Christian Stauffer I., in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Stauffer took his family to America in 1718, to gain religious freedom, and settled in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania where he would live out his entire life.

His son Peter migrated south to Virginia by 1730 and to the Shenandoah Valley as early as 1739. On May 2, 1749 Stover purchased 483 acres (1.95 km2) of land from Jacob Funk, his future father-in-law. The purchase was divided into smaller plots for sale to other settlers and a village was informally established.

Stover applied for a town charter in November 1761 giving the town the official name of Strasburg. The name was taken from Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace, France. Some called the area Staufferstadt, the German name for Stoverstown. Ten trustees were named; William Miller, Matthew Harrison, Jacob Bowman, Valentine Smith, Charles Buck, Peter Stover, Isaac Hite, Leonard Batice, John Funk, and Philip Huffman (Hoffman).

Peter eventually married Frainey Funk, before he died August 13, 1799 at the age of 84. He was survived by eight children. Being a philanthropist for most of his life, Stover's will left land and $10,000 to the community to establish schools. A monument resides in Strasburg's Riverview Cemetery honoring Peter Stover, but the whereabouts of his grave is unknown.

Recent growth

Strasburg has experienced rapid growth along its northern corridor due to the fact that Washington D.C. is approximately 80 miles away.

Geography

Strasburg is located at 38°59′26″N 78°21′31″W / 38.990550°N 78.358615°W / 38.990550; -78.358615 (38.990550, −78.358615) in the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley. The area is surrounded by the natural boundaries of the Massanutten and Allegheny mountains, as well as the Shenandoah River. Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park is located in and around Strasburg.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2), of which, 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (0.63%) is water. The elevation of the area is 578 ft (176 m).

Culture

2016-07-19 10 02 11 View south along U.S. Route 11 (King Street) at Holiday Street in Strasburg, Shenandoah County, Virginia
Central Strasburg

Museums

The most heralded museum in Strasburg is the Strasburg Museum. The building was once home to the Strasburg Stone and Earthenware Manufacturing Company and later was converted to a Southern Railway depot. It operated in this manner until the early 1960s. In 1970 it opened as a museum.

The now closed Stonewall Jackson Museum at Hupp's Hill was redeveloped by the Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation and reopened on May 7, 2011 as the Hupp’s Hill Cedar Creek Museum at Hupp's Hill Civil War Park. A nearby cave called Crystal Caverns at Hupp's Hill was open for tourism from 1922 to 2010.

Former attractions include the Jeane Dixon Museum and Library and the Museum of American Presidents.

Public art

Strasburg is home to the nonprofit organization Staufferstadt Arts, which facilities the installation of contemporary murals within downtown. So far murals have been placed by well known street artists Gilf!, Alice Mizrachi, and NDA.

The historic post office in Strasburg contains a New Deal WPA mural titled Apple Orchard. Muralist Sarah Jane Blakeslee completed the work in 1938, having won a commission by the United States Treasury Section of Fine Arts.

Sports teams

In June 2011, Strasburg welcomed their first Valley Baseball League team called "The Strasburg Express." Strasburg's basketball,baseball, and football team is called the "Rams".

Tourism

Strasburg holds two festivals each year: Mayfest and Oktoberfest. The town's Mayfest is traditionally held the third weekend in May and includes arts and craft vendors, a variety of food vendors, business and civic organizations, a parade, and an old-fashioned carnival complete with rides. To celebrate the area's German roots, an Oktoberfest takes place each autumn, the first Saturday in October. This event offers food concessions, beer and wine gardens, activities for children and adults, music, and street dancing. Although the festival still offers German food and beer, the festival has been modernized and no longer emphasizes Bavarian culture.

Popular destinations include Christina's Café, an American/Tex-Mex restaurant. The café offers music on weekends. Past performances have included Americana, folk, blues, and bluegrass. Other popular destinations include the Strasburg Antique Emporium and Flea Market and the Iron Rose bohemian clothing and accessories shop. Iron Rose is run by Danni Leigh, a Nashville country and western star and native of Strasburg. Danni's husband Mike runs the nearby guitar and music shop Frets and Friends.

Strasburg offers overnight accommodations at Hotel Strasburg, housed in a Victorian building dating to 1902. The building was once used as a private hospital. Local legend says the hotel is haunted. The hotel includes an English pub, The Depot Lounge.

The Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove, Hupp House, Strasburg Historic District, Strasburg Museum, Mount Pleasant, and Stoner-Keller House and Mill are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 624
1870 580 −7.1%
1880 647 11.6%
1890 646 −0.2%
1900 690 6.8%
1910 762 10.4%
1920 650 −14.7%
1930 1,901 192.5%
1940 1,968 3.5%
1950 2,022 2.7%
1960 2,428 20.1%
1970 2,431 0.1%
1980 2,311 −4.9%
1990 3,762 62.8%
2000 4,017 6.8%
2010 6,398 59.3%
Est. 2015 6,586 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,017 people, 1,773 households, and 1,086 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,275.5 people per square mile (492.4/km2). There were 1,877 housing units at an average density of 596.0 per square mile (230.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.63% White, 4.48% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.

There were 1,773 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,724, and the median income for a family was $40,978. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $21,755 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,697. About 5.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.


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