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Tabb, Virginia facts for kids

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Unincorporated community
Etymology: Mary Octavia Tabb
Tabb is located in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Country United States
State Virginia
County York County
 • Total 23,807

Tabb is an unincorporated community in York County, Virginia, United States, on the Virginia Peninsula. Major roads include U.S. Route 17 and State Route 134 (Hampton Highway, which continues as Magruder Boulevard in Hampton).

The community was named for Mary Octavia Tabb who served as postmaster from 21 December 1893 until early 1910, as per National Archives and Records Administration. It is home to Tabb High School, one of four high schools in York County. It is also home to Tabb Middle School, Tabb Elementary School, and Mount Vernon Elementary School.

Tabb is served by the US Postal Service ZIP code 23693. The ZIP code area had an estimated population of 23,807 in 2014. Tabb, Virginia uses the mailing address of Yorktown, Virginia. This area is also referred to as York County. York County is one of the eight original shires formed in colonial Virginia in 1682.

Tabb is primarily a residential community, with a few commercial interests. The largest employer in Tabb is a Walmart Supercenter department store built in the early 2000s on the site of a former Cinema-City drive-in theater and grocery store at the intersection of U.S. Route 17 and State Route 171. Other major employers nearby include the NASA Langley Research Center, Newport News Shipbuilding, Naval Weapons Station Yorktown and Joint Base Langley-Eustis. With a number of small farms that offer fresh locally grown produce, and equestrian facilities, the community serves as a rural escape for the nearby cities of Hampton and Newport News. Predominantly rural until the late 20th century, the community has rapidly grown in recent decades in both population and commercialization.

The first organized land battle of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel, was fought on land in nearby Hampton as well as the area that later became Tabb. During the 1862 Peninsula Campaign of the American Civil War, Yorktown was captured by the Union after the Battle of Yorktown. The York County area was then used as a base by the Union Army under General George B. McClellan to launch an unsuccessful attack on Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy).

Thorpeland Plantation

The historic Thorpeland Plantation, a colonial manor house begun in the 17th century on land originally patented by Christopher Calthorpe on July 13, 1635 is located in Tabb. It is one of the oldest wood frame houses still standing in America.

  • National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20408-0001. Record of Appointment of Postmasters.
  • Hagemann, James A. The Heritage of Virginia: The story of place names in the Old Dominion. Norfolk, VA: The Donning Company, 1988.
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