Peninsula Campaign facts for kids

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Peninsula Campaign
Part of the American Civil War
McClellan+Johnston

George B. McClellan and Joseph E. Johnston, respective commanders of the Union and Confederate armies in the Peninsula Campaign
Date March – July 1862
Location Virginia Peninsula, between the York and James Rivers
37°16′26″N 76°36′35″W / 37.27389°N 76.60972°W / 37.27389; -76.60972Coordinates: 37°16′26″N 76°36′35″W / 37.27389°N 76.60972°W / 37.27389; -76.60972
Result Confederate victory;
Union withdrawal from the Peninsula.
Belligerents
 United States  Confederate States
Commanders and leaders
George B. McClellan Joseph E. Johnston
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Robert E. Lee
John B. Magruder
Robert Toombs
Units involved
Army of the Potomac Army of Northern Virginia
Strength
*102,236 (May 20);
  • 105,857 (June 20);
  • 88,445 (July 10)
*94,813 (May 31)
  • 112,220 (June 26)
  • 74,065 (July 20)
Casualties and losses
23,119 29,298

The Peninsula Campaign was a series of battles during the American Civil War. The campaign happened from March to July 1862. The Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by George B. McClellan, tried to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia by moving westward on the Virginia Peninsula. The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Joseph E. Johnston, tried to stop McClellan. After Johnston was wounded on May 31st at the Battle of Seven Pines, Robert E. Lee took command of the army. Lee then attacked McClellan during the Seven Days Battles. After the battles, McClellan's army was transferred back to Washington, D.C.

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