Tommy Cooper facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Cooper, c. 1982
Thomas Frederick Cooper
19 March 1921
Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales
|Died||15 April 1984
|Height||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)|
|Children||2, including Thomas|
Thomas Frederick Cooper (19 March 1921 – 15 April 1984) was a Welsh prop comedian and magician. As an entertainer, his appearance was large and lumbering at 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m), and he habitually wore a red fez when performing. He served in the British Army for seven years, before developing his conjuring skills and becoming a member of The Magic Circle. Although he spent time on tour performing his magical act, which specialised on magic tricks that appeared to fail, he rose to international prominence when his career moved into television, with programmes for London Weekend Television and Thames Television.
On 15 April 1984, Cooper died at the age of 63 after suffering a heart attack on live television.
Thomas Frederick Cooper was born on 19 March 1921 at 19 Llwyn-On Street in Caerphilly, Glamorgan. He was delivered by the woman who owned the house in which the family were lodging. His parents were Thomas H. Cooper, a Welsh recruiting sergeant in the British Army and later coal miner, and Catherine Gertrude (née Wright), Thomas's English wife from Crediton, Devon.
To change from his mining role, that could have had implications for his health in Caerphilly, his father accepted the offer of a new job and the family moved to Exeter, Devon, when Cooper was three. It was in Exeter that he acquired the West Country accent that became part of his act. As an adult and on a visit to Wales to visit the house where he was born, Cooper was asked if he considered himself to be a Welshman, to which he answered, "Well yes, my father's Welsh... and my mother's from Devon. Actually I was in Caerphilly and left here when I was about a year old, I was getting very serious with a girl", much to the amusement of the BBC interviewer and himself.
When he was eight years old an aunt bought him a magic set and he spent hours perfecting the tricks. In the 1960s his brother David (born 1930) opened D. & Z. Cooper's Magic Shop at 249 High Street in Slough, Buckinghamshire. The shop later moved to Eastbourne, East Sussex and was run by David's daughter Sabrina. After school Cooper became a shipwright in Southampton, Hampshire. In 1940 he was called up as a trooper in the Royal Horse Guards, serving for seven years. He joined Montgomery's Desert Rats in Egypt. Cooper became a member of a Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) entertainment party, and developed an act around his magic tricks interspersed with comedy. One evening in Cairo, during a sketch in which he was supposed to be in a costume that required a pith helmet, having forgotten the prop Cooper reached out and borrowed a fez from a passing waiter, which got huge laughs. He wore a fez when performing after that, the prop later being described as "an icon of 20th-century comedy".
Development of the act
Cooper was demobilized after seven years of military service and took up show business on Christmas Eve 1947. He later developed a popular monologue about his military experience as "Cooper the Trooper". He worked in variety theatres around the country and at many night spots in London, performing as many as 52 shows in one week.
Cooper developed his conjuring skills and became a member of The Magic Circle, but there are various stories about how and when he developed his delivery of "failed" magic tricks:
- He was performing to his shipbuilding colleagues when everything went wrong, but he noticed that the failed tricks got laughs.
- He started making "mistakes" on purpose when he was in the Army.
- His tricks went wrong at a post-war audition, but the panel thoroughly enjoyed them anyway.
To keep the audience on their toes Cooper threw in an occasional trick that worked when it was least expected.
In 1947 Cooper got his big break with Miff Ferrie, at that time trombonist in a band called The Jackdaws, who booked him to appear as the second-spot comedian in a show starring the sand dance act Marqueeze and the Dance of the Seven Veils. Cooper then began two years of arduous performing, including a tour of Europe and a stint in pantomime, playing one of Cinderella's ugly sisters. The period culminated in a season-long booking at the Windmill Theatre, where he doubled up doing cabaret. In one week he performed 52 shows. Ferrie remained Cooper's sole agent for 37 years, until Cooper's death in 1984. Cooper was supported by a variety of acts, including the vocal percussionist Frank Holder.
Cooper rapidly became a top-liner in variety with his turn as the conjurer whose tricks never succeeded, but it was his television work that raised him to national prominence. After his debut on the BBC talent show New to You in March 1948 he began starring in his own shows, and was popular with audiences for nearly 40 years, notably through his work with London Weekend Television from 1968 to 1972 and with Thames Television from 1973 to 1980. Thanks to his many television shows during the mid-1970s he was one of the most recognisable comedians in the world.
John Fisher writes in his biography of Cooper: "Everyone agrees that he was mean. Quite simply he was acknowledged as the tightest man in show business, with a pathological dread of reaching into his pocket." One of Cooper's stunts was to pay the exact taxi fare and when leaving the cab slip something into the taxi driver's pocket, saying, "Have a drink on me." That something would turn out to be a tea bag.
By the mid-1970s club owners complained that Cooper turned up late or rushed through his show in five minutes. In addition he suffered from chronic indigestion, lumbago, sciatica, bronchitis and severe circulation problems in his legs.
Cooper was a heavy cigar smoker (up to 40 a day). He experienced a decline in health during the late 1970s, suffering a heart attack in 1977 while performing a show in Rome. Three months later he was back on television in Night Out at the London Casino.
Cooper's Half Hour was his last show. He did continue to appear as a guest on other television shows, however, and worked with Eric Sykes on two Thames productions in 1982.
On 15 April 1984, Cooper collapsed from a heart attack in front of millions of television viewers, midway through his act on the London Weekend Television variety show Live from Her Majesty's, transmitted live from Her Majesty's Theatre in Westminster, London. An assistant had helped him put on a cloak for his sketch, while Jimmy Tarbuck, the host, was hiding behind the stage curtains waiting to pass him different props that he would then appear to pull from inside his gown. His last words seemed to be "Thank you, love," to the assistant seconds before collapsing. The assistant smiled at him as he slumped down, believing that it was part of the act. Likewise, the audience laughed as he fell backwards.
As Cooper lay dying on the floor, the audience continued to laugh at him believing it was part of an act. Cooper then began snorting and snoring, and died after. Around this time, Jimmy Tarbuck, Alasdair MacMillan (the director of the television production), and the crew behind the curtain who witnessed the incident realised that what was happening to him was not part of the act.
After realising what had happened, Alasdair MacMillan cued the orchestra to play music for an unscripted commercial break (noticeable because of several seconds of blank screen while LWT's master control contacted regional stations to start transmitting advertisements) and Tarbuck's manager tried to pull Cooper back through the curtains.
It was decided to continue with the show. Dustin Gee and Les Dennis were the act that had to follow Cooper, and other stars proceeded to present their acts in the limited space in front of the curtains. While the show continued, efforts were being made backstage to revive Cooper. It was not until a second commercial break that paramedics moved his body to Westminster Hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival. His death was not officially reported until the next morning, although the incident was the leading item on the news programme that followed the show.
Cooper's funeral was held nearby at Mortlake Crematorium in London, after which his son scattered his ashes in the back garden, over his father's favourite daffodils.
The video of Cooper's heart attack on stage has been uploaded to numerous video-sharing websites. YouTube drew criticism from a number of sources when footage of the incident was posted on the website in May 2009. John Beyer of the pressure group Mediawatch-UK said: "This is very poor taste. That the broadcasters have not repeated the incident shows they have a respect for him and I think that ought to apply also on YouTube." On 28 December 2011 segments of the Live From Her Majesty's clip, including Cooper collapsing on stage, were included in the Channel 4 programme The Untold Tommy Cooper.
Cooper married Gwen Henty in Nicosia, Cyprus, on 24 February 1947. She died in 2002. They had two children: Thomas, who was born in 1956, became an actor under the name Thomas Henty and died in 1988; and Victoria.
From 1967 until his death, Cooper also had a relationship with his personal assistant, Mary Fieldhouse, who wrote about it in her book, For the Love of Tommy (1986).
Cooper's will was proved via probate on 29 August 1984, at £327,272.
On Christmas Day 2018, the documentary Tommy Cooper: In His Own Words was broadcast on Channel 5. The programme featured Cooper's daughter, Vicky, who gave her first television interview following years of abstaining "because of the grief".
Legacy and honours
A statue of Cooper was unveiled in his birthplace, Caerphilly, in 2008 by Sir Anthony Hopkins, who is patron of the Tommy Cooper Society. The statue, which cost £45,000, was sculpted by James Done. In 2009, for Red Nose Day, a charity Red Nose was put on the statue, but the nose was stolen.
Cooper was a member of the Grand Order of Water Rats.
In a 2005 poll, The Comedians' Comedian, comedians and comedy insiders voted Cooper the sixth greatest comedy act ever. He has been cited as an influence by Jason Manford and John Lydon. Jerome Flynn has toured with his own tribute show to Cooper called Just Like That.
In February 2007 The Independent reported that Andy Harries, a producer of The Queen, was working on a dramatisation of the last week of Cooper's life. Harries described Cooper's death as "extraordinary" in that the whole thing was broadcast live on national television. The film subsequently went into production over six years later as a television drama for ITV. From a screenplay by Simon Nye, Tommy Cooper: Not Like That, Like This was directed by Benjamin Caron and the title role was played by David Threlfall. It was broadcast 21 April 2014.
In 2010 Cooper was portrayed by Clive Mantle in a stage show, Jus' Like That! A Night Out with Tommy Cooper, at the Edinburgh Festival. To train for the role Mantle mastered many of Cooper's magic tricks, studying under Geoffrey Durham for several months.
In 2012 the British Heart Foundation ran a series of advertisements featuring Cooper to raise awareness of heart conditions. These included posters bearing his image together with radio commercials featuring classic Cooper jokes.
Being Tommy Cooper, a new play written by Tom Green and starring Damian Williams, was produced by Franklin Productions and toured the UK in 2013.
In 2014, with the support of The Tommy Cooper Estate and Cooper's daughter Victoria, a new tribute show, Just Like That! The Tommy Cooper Show, commemorating 30 years since the comedian's death was produced by Hambledon Productions. The production moved to the Museum of Comedy in Bloomsbury, London, from September 2014 and continues to tour extensively throughout the UK.
In May 2016 a blue plaque in memory of Cooper was unveiled at his former home in Barrowgate Road, Chiswick. In August it was announced that the Victoria and Albert Museum had acquired 116 boxes of Cooper's papers and props, including his "gag file", in which the museum said he had used a system to store his jokes alphabetically "with the meticulousness of an archivist".
On 5 March 2021 BBC One aired the 30-minute documentary Tommy Cooper at the BBC, looking at his best performances, including his appearance on the Parkinson show where he almost killed Michael Parkinson with a trick guillotine. The programme, which celebrated the centenary of his birth, was presented by Sir Lenny Henry.
|1953–1979||The Royal Variety Performance||BBC / ATV||7|
|1955||Sunday Night at the London Palladium||ATV||1|
|1957||Cooper / Life With Tommy||A-RTV||12|
|1957||The Tommy Cooper Hour||ATV||1|
|1958||The Stars Rise in the West||TWW||1|
|1960||And the Same to You||Film||1|
|1963||The Cool Mikado||Film||1|
|1966–1969||Life With Cooper||ABC / Thames||19|
|1968||Cooper At Large||Thames||1|
|1969–1971||Tommy Cooper / It's Tommy Cooper||LWT||13|
|1973–1975||The Tommy Cooper Hour||Thames||9|
|1976||Tommy Cooper's Guest Night||Thames||1|
|1977||The Silver Jubilee Royal Variety Gala||ATV||1|
|1977||30 Years ... Just Like That!||Thames||1|
|1978–1979||London Night Out||Thames||2|
|1978||The Tommy Cooper Show||Thames||1|
|1978||Cooper – Just Like That||Thames||6|
|1978||Must Wear Tights||Thames||1|
|1979||Parkinson at Christmas||BBC||1|
|1980||Cooper's Half Hour||Thames||6|
|1982||It's Your Move||Thames||1|
|1982||The Eric Sykes 1990 Show||Thames||1|
|1983||This Is Your Lunch||BBC||1|
|1983||The Bob Monkhouse Show||BBC||1|
|1984||Live from Her Majesty's||LWT||1|
- "Don't Jump Off the Roof Dad" (1961), words and music by Cy Coben, single, Palette Records PG 9019 (reached Number 40 in the UK Singles Chart)
- "Ginger" – 7" single
- "Happy Tommy" – 7" single
- "Just Like That" 7" single
- "Masters of Comedy" – CD
- "No Arms Will Ever Hold You" – 7" single
- "Sweet Words of Love" – 7" single
- "Tommy Cooper Very Best Of" – CD, DVD
- "Walkin' Home From School" – 7" single
- "We'll Meet Again" – 7" single
UK VHS/DVD releases
|VHS title||Release date|
|A Tribute to Tommy Cooper (TV9936)||3 November 1986|
|The Magic of Tommy Cooper - Tribute to a Comedy Genius (TV8091)||4 June 1990|
|The Best of Tommy Cooper (TV8141)||19 August 1991|
|Tommy Cooper - "Not Like That" (TV8160)||1 June 1992|
|Tommy Cooper - Solid Gold (TV8169)||5 October 1992|
|The Magic of Tommy Cooper - Tribute to a Comedy Genius (LC0012)||1 March 1993|
|The Magic Lives of Tommy Cooper (TV8182)||11 October 1993|
|Tommy Cooper - The Magic Touch (TV8184)||7 March 1994|
|The Very Best of Tommy Cooper (TV8198)||6 March 1995|
|Tommy Cooper - The Missing Pieces (TV8211)||2 October 1995|
|The Feztastic Tommy Cooper||6 May 1996|
|Tommy Cooper - The Golden Years (TV8261)||3 November 1997|
|A Feztival of Fun With Tommy Cooper (B00005M1YE)||16 September 2002|
In Spanish: Tommy Cooper para niños
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