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United States
Secretary of State
Seal of the United States Department of State.svg
Official Seal
Mike Pompeo official photo.jpg
Incumbent
Mike Pompeo

since April 26, 2018
Appointer President of the United States
Formation April 6, 1789
First holder Thomas Jefferson
Succession Fourth
Website www.state.gov

The United States Secretary of State (commonly abbreviated as SecState) is the head of the United States Department of State. This department deals with foreign affairs. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. This person is the highest-ranking cabinet secretary both in line of succession and order of precedence. The President chooses the person he or she wants to be Secretary of the State. The United States Senate must agree with this choice for the person to become the Secretary of State.

Mike Pompeo of Kansas is the current Secretary of State since April 2018. He became Secretary when Rex Tillerson was fired by President Donald Trump.

The position of Secretary of State was created in April 6, 1789. Thomas Jefferson was the first Secretary. The Presidential order of succession lists the Secretary of State as the 4th person in line if something happens to the President.

Duties

The first duties of the Secretary of State included:

The following are the responsibilities of the Secretary of State. These were added to the duties over time.

List of Secretaries of State

Parties

     No party (1)      Federalist (6)      Democratic-Republican (6)      Democratic (25)      Whig (5)      Republican (29)      Progressive (1)

Status
     Denotes acting Secretary of State
No. Portrait Name State Started Ended President(s)
John Jay John Jay
Acting
New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790 George Washington
1 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793
2 Edmund Randolph Edmund J. Randolph Virginia January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795
3 Timothy Pickering Timothy Pickering Massachusetts August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795
December 10, 1795 March 4, 1797
March 4, 1797 May 12, 1800 John Adams
Charles Lee, AG.png Charles Lee
Acting
Virginia May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800
4 John Marshall John Marshall Virginia June 13, 1800 March 4, 1801
LeviLincoln.gif Levi Lincoln Sr.
Acting
Massachusetts March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801 Thomas Jefferson
5 James Madison James Madison Virginia May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809
6 Robert Smith Robert Smith Maryland March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811 James Madison
7 James Monroe James Monroe Virginia April 2, 1811 March 3, 1817
John Graham
Acting
Kentucky March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817 James Monroe
Portrait of Richard Rush.jpg Richard Rush
Acting
Pennsylvania March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817
8 John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams Massachusetts September 22, 1817 March 3, 1825
Daniel Brent
Acting
Virginia March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825 John Quincy Adams
9 Henry Clay Henry Clay Kentucky March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829
James A. Hamilton
Acting
New York March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829 Andrew Jackson
10 Martin Van Buren Martin Van Buren New York March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831
11 Edward Livingston Edward Livingston Louisiana May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833
12 Louis McLane Louis McLane Delaware May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834
13 John Forsyth John Forsyth Georgia July 1, 1834 March 4, 1837
March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841 Martin Van Buren
Jacob L. Martin
Acting
District of Columbia March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841 William Harrison
14 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts March 6, 1841 April 4, 1841
April 4, 1841 May 8, 1843 John Tyler
Hugh S. Legaré.jpg Hugh S. Legaré
Acting
South Carolina May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843
William S. Derrick
Acting
Pennsylvania June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843
15 Abel P. Upshur Abel P. Upshur Virginia June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843
July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844
John Nelson John Nelson
Acting
Maryland February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844
16 John C. Calhoun John C. Calhoun South Carolina April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845
17 James Buchanan James Buchanan Pennsylvania March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849 James K. Polk
18 John M. Clayton Delaware March 8, 1849 July 9, 1850 Zachary Taylor
July 9, 1850 July 22, 1850 Millard Fillmore
19 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852
Charles Magill Conrad.jpg Charles M. Conrad
Acting
Louisiana October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852
20 Edward Everett Edward Everett Massachusetts November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853
William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter
Acting
Rhode Island March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853 Franklin Pierce
21 William L. Marcy William L. Marcy New York March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857
22 Lewis Cass Lewis Cass Michigan March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860 James Buchanan
William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter
Acting
Rhode Island December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860
23 Jermiah S. Black Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861
24 William H. Seward William H. Seward New York March 5, 1861 April 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
25 Elihu B. Washburne Elihu B. Washburne Illinois March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 Hamilton Fish Hamilton Fish New York March 17, 1869 March 4, 1877
March 4, 1877 March 12, 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
27 William M. Evarts William M. Evarts New York March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881
28 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1881 September 19, 1881 James A. Garfield
September 19, 1881 December 19, 1881 Chester A. Arthur
29 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen New Jersey December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885
30 Thomas F. Bayard Thomas F. Bayard Delaware March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
31 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892 Benjamin Harrison
William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton
Acting
Massachusetts June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892
32 John W. Foster John W. Foster Indiana June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893
- William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton
Acting
Massachusetts February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893
Grover Cleveland
33 Walter Q. Gresham Walter Q. Gresham Indiana March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895
Edwin F. Uhl Edwin F. Uhl
Acting
Michigan May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895
34 Richard Olney Richard Olney Massachusetts June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897
35 John Sherman John Sherman Ohio March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898 William McKinley
36 William R. Day William R. Day Ohio April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898
AAAoftheState.jpg Alvey A. Adee
Acting
New York September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898
37 John Hay John Hay District of Columbia September 30, 1898 September 14, 1901
September 14, 1901 July 1, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt
Francis B. Loomis (sketch).gif Francis B. Loomis
Acting
Ohio July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905
38 Elihu Root Elihu Root New York July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909
39 Robert Bacon Robert Bacon New York January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909
40 Philander C. Knox Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft
41 William Jennings Bryan William Jennings Bryan Nebraska March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915 Woodrow Wilson
42 Robert Lansing Robert Lansing New York June 9, 1915 June 23, 1915
June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920
Frank Polk Frank Polk
Acting
New York February 14, 1920 March 12, 1920
43 Bainbridge Colby Bainbridge Colby New York March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921
44 Charles Evans Hughes Charles Evans Hughes New York March 5, 1921 August 2, 1923 Warren G. Harding
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925 Calvin Coolidge
45 Frank B. Kellogg Frank B. Kellogg Minnesota March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
March 4, 1929 March 28, 1929 Herbert Hoover
46 Henry L. Stimson Henry L. Stimson New York March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933
47 Cordell Hull Cordell Hull Tennessee March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt
48 Edward Stettinius Jr. Edward Stettinius Jr. Virginia December 1, 1944 April 12, 1945
April 12, 1945 June 27, 1945 Harry S. Truman
Ambassador Grew.jpg Joseph Grew
Acting
New Hampshire June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945
49 James F. Byrnes James F. Byrnes South Carolina July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947
50 George C. Marshall George C. Marshall Pennsylvania January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949
51 Dean G. Acheson Dean Acheson Connecticut January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953
H. Freeman Matthews 1956.jpg Harrison F. Matthews
Acting
Maryland January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
52 John Foster Dulles John Foster Dulles New York January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959
53 Christian A. Herter Christian Herter Massachusetts April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961
Livingston T. Merchant.jpg Livingston T. Merchant
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961 John F. Kennedy
54 Dean Rusk Dean Rusk Georgia January 21, 1961 November 22, 1963
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Charles Bohlen.png Charles E. Bohlen
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969 Richard Nixon
55 William P. Rogers William P. Rogers Maryland January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973
Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpg Kenneth Rush
Acting
Florida September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973
56 Henry A. Kissinger Henry Kissinger District of Columbia September 22, 1973 August 9, 1974
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
Philiphabib cropped.jpg Philip Habib
Acting
California January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
57 Cyrus R. Vance Cyrus Vance West Virginia January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980
Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher
Acting
California April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980
Newsom 1975.png David D. Newsom
Acting
May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980
Richard N. Cooper
Acting
May 3, 1980
Newsom 1975.png David D. Newsom
Acting
May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980
Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher
Acting
California May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980
58 Edmund Muskie Edmund Muskie Maine May 8, 1980 January 20, 1981
59 Alexander Haig Alexander Haig Connecticut January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
Walter J. Stoessel Jr. Walter J. Stoessel Jr.
Acting
California July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982
60 George P. Shultz George P. Shultz California July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989
Michael Armacost Michael Armacost
Acting
Maryland January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989 George H. W. Bush
61 James Baker James Baker Texas January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992
62 Lawrence Eagleburger Lawrence Eagleburger Wisconsin August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992
December 8, 1992 January 19, 1993
Arnold Kanter
Acting
Virginia January 20, 1993 Bill Clinton
Frank G. Wisner as Ambassador.png Frank G. Wisner
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1993
63 Warren Christopher Warren Christopher California January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997
64 Madeleine Albright Madeleine Albright District of Columbia January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001
65 Colin Powell Colin Powell Virginia January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005 George W. Bush
66 Condoleezza Rice Condoleezza Rice California January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009
AmbassadorBurns.jpg William Joseph Burns
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009 Barack Obama
67 Hillary Clinton crop.jpg Hillary Clinton New York January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013
68 John Kerry John Kerry Massachusetts February 1, 2013 January 20, 2017
Thomas Shannon Tom Shannon
Acting
Minnesota January 20, 2017 February 1, 2017 Donald Trump
69 Rex Tillerson Rex Tillerson Texas February 1, 2017 March 31, 2018
John J. Sullivan John J. Sullivan
Acting
Massachusetts April 1, 2018 April 26, 2018
70 Mike Pompeo official photo (cropped).jpg Mike Pompeo Kansas April 26, 2018 Incumbent

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