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Union, Missouri
City of Union
Union, MO.jpg
Motto(s): 
We can't have Union without U and I
Location of Union, Missouri
Location of Union, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Franklin
Founded 1826
Designated
(as the county seat)
1827
Named for The ideal of political unity
Area
 • Total 9.09 sq mi (23.55 km2)
 • Land 9.09 sq mi (23.55 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
528 ft (161 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 10,204
 • Estimate 
(2019)
11,990
 • Density 1,318.45/sq mi (509.04/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63084
Area code(s) 636
FIPS code 29-74626
GNIS feature ID 0727959
Website http://www.unionmissouri.org/

Union is a city in and the county seat of Franklin County, Missouri, United States. It is located on the Bourbeuse River, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of St. Louis. The population was 10,204 at the 2010 census, with the city showing the highest growth rate (32%) in Franklin County over the previous decade.

History

Union was founded in 1826 and designated as the county seat in 1827. The city is named for the ideal of political unity. A post office called Union has been in operation since 1827.

Geography

Union is located at 38°26′48″N 91°0′22″W / 38.44667°N 91.00611°W / 38.44667; -91.00611 (38.446684, -91.006070). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.16 square miles (23.72 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 402
1890 610 51.7%
1900 744 22.0%
1910 934 25.5%
1920 1,605 71.8%
1930 2,143 33.5%
1940 2,125 −0.8%
1950 2,917 37.3%
1960 3,937 35.0%
1970 5,183 31.6%
1980 5,506 6.2%
1990 5,909 7.3%
2000 7,757 31.3%
2010 10,204 31.5%
Est. 2019 11,990 17.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,204 people, 3,902 households, and 2,612 families living in the city. The population density was 1,114.0 inhabitants per square mile (430.1/km2). There were 4,226 housing units at an average density of 461.4 per square mile (178.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 1.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 3,902 households, of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 31.9 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.1% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Transportation

Rail

Central Midland Railway (CMR), a division of Progressive Rail Inc. of Minnesota, provides regular freight rail service to industrial customers located in Union. CMR operates the far eastern segment of the former Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway's St. Louis to Kansas City main line that was constructed in 1870. The active portion of the former CRI&P line runs from the north side of St. Louis, where it connects with the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis and Union Pacific Railroad, and now terminates in Union, Missouri.

Education

Union has one public high school (The UHS Wildcats) serving ninth through twelfth grades, one public middle school (The UMS Wildcats) serving sixth through eighth grades, and two public elementary schools (Central Elementary and Prairie Dell Elementary, also the Wildcats) with both serving kindergarten through fifth grades. Union also has one private Catholic school, Immaculate Conception (Serving Pre-K to eighth grade).

Union is home to East Central College, which offers two-year degrees and certificates. Central Methodist University has an extension on the ECC campus. Union is also home to an extension of Missouri Baptist University.

Union has a public library, a branch of the Scenic Regional Library system.

Notable people

  • Trenton Garvey - Winner of Hell's Kitchen (American season 20).
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