Union, Missouri facts for kids

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Union, Missouri
City
Location of Union, Missouri
Location of Union, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Franklin
Founded 1826
Designated
(as the county seat)
1827
Named for The ideal of political unity
Area
 • Total 9.16 sq mi (23.72 km2)
 • Land 9.16 sq mi (23.72 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 531 ft (162 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,204
 • Estimate (2012) 10,456
 • Density 1,114.0/sq mi (430.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63084
Area code(s) 636
FIPS code 29-74626
GNIS feature ID 0727959
Website http://www.unionmissouri.org/

Union is a city in and the county seat of Franklin County, Missouri, United States. It is located on the Bourbeuse River 50 miles (80 km) southwest of St. Louis. The population was 10,204 at the 2010 census, with the city showing the highest growth rate (32%) in Franklin County the last decade.

History

Union was founded in 1826 and designated as the county seat in 1827. The city is named for the ideal of political unity. A post office called Union has been in operation since 1827.

Geography

Union is located at (38.446684, -91.006070). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.16 square miles (23.72 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 402
1890 610 51.7%
1900 744 22.0%
1910 934 25.5%
1920 1,605 71.8%
1930 2,143 33.5%
1940 2,125 −0.8%
1950 2,917 37.3%
1960 3,937 35.0%
1970 5,183 31.6%
1980 5,506 6.2%
1990 5,909 7.3%
2000 7,757 31.3%
2010 10,204 31.5%
Est. 2015 10,957 41.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,204 people, 3,902 households, and 2,612 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,114.0 inhabitants per square mile (430.1/km2). There were 4,226 housing units at an average density of 461.4 per square mile (178.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 1.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 3,902 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 31.9 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.1% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 7,757 people, 2,940 households, and 2,002 families residing in the city. The population density was 959.9 people per square mile (370.7/km²). There were 3,133 housing units at an average density of 387.7 per square mile (149.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.44% White, 1.43% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 2,940 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,596, and the median income for a family was $44,474. Males had a median income of $31,852 versus $22,924 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,885. About 4.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Rail

Central Midland Railway (CMR), a division of Progressive Rail Inc. of Minnesota, provides regular freight rail service to industrial customers located in Union. CMR operates the far eastern segment of the former Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway's St. Louis to Kansas City main line that was constructed in 1870. The active portion of the former CRI&P line runs from the north side of St. Louis, where it connects with the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis and Union Pacific Railroad, and now terminates in Union, Missouri.


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