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United States Secretary of Energy
Flag of the United States Secretary of Energy.svg
Flag of the Secretary
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Seal of the Department
Secretary Jennifer Granholm.jpg
Jennifer Granholm

since February 25, 2021
United States Department of Energy
Style Mr. Secretary
The Honorable
Member of Cabinet
National Security Council
Reports to President of the United States
Seat James V. Forrestal Building, Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 42 U.S.C. § 7131
Formation August 6, 1977
First holder James R. Schlesinger
Succession Fifteenth
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Energy
Salary Executive Schedule, level I

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act. The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.

List of Secretaries of Energy

James Schlesinger official DoD photo
The first Secretary of Energy, James Schlesinger
Hazel O'Leary
Hazel O'Leary, the first woman and African-American to hold the position
Spencer Abraham
Spencer Abraham, Secretary from 2001 to 2005

      Democratic (7)       Republican (9)


      Acting Secretary of Energy       Reported Nominee for Secretary of Energy

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office Party President(s)
1 James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg Schlesinger, JamesJames Schlesinger Virginia August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Republican Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter
2 Secretary Duncan (cropped).jpg Duncan, CharlesCharles Duncan Texas August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 Democratic
3 Secretary edwards.jpg Edwards, JamesJames Edwards South Carolina January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Republican Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
4 Donald hodel.JPG Hodel, DonaldDonald Hodel Oregon November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 Republican
5 John S. Herrington.jpg Herrington, JohnJohn Herrington California February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 Republican
6 AdmiralWatkinsSmall.jpg Watkins, JamesJames Watkins California March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Bush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel O'Leary.jpg O'Leary, HazelHazel O'Leary Virginia January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Democratic Clinton, BillBill Clinton
8 Federico pena.jpg Peña, FedericoFederico Peña Colorado March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 Democratic
9 Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.png Richardson, BillBill Richardson New Mexico August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 Democratic
10 Spencer Abraham.jpg Abraham, SpencerSpencer Abraham Michigan January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 Republican Bush, George W.George W. Bush
11 Samuel Bodman.jpg Bodman, SamuelSamuel Bodman Illinois February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009 Republican
12 Steven Chu official portrait headshot.jpg Chu, StevenSteven Chu California January 20, 2009 April 22, 2013 Democratic Obama, BarackBarack Obama
Daniel Poneman official portrait.jpg Poneman, DanielDaniel Poneman Ohio April 22, 2013 May 21, 2013 Democratic
13 Moniz official portrait sitting.jpg Moniz, ErnestErnest Moniz Massachusetts May 21, 2013 January 20, 2017 Democratic
Grace Bochenek.jpg Grace Bochenek January 20, 2017 March 2, 2017 Trump, DonaldDonald Trump
14 Rick Perry official portrait (cropped).jpg Perry, RickRick Perry Texas March 2, 2017 December 1, 2019 Republican
15 Dan Brouillette official photo (cropped).jpg Dan Brouillette Texas December 1, 2019 December 4, 2019 Republican
December 4, 2019 January 20, 2021
David G. Huizenga official portrait.jpg David Huizenga January 20, 2021 February 25, 2021 Democratic Joe Biden
16 Secretary Jennifer Granholm.jpg Jennifer Granholm Michigan February 25, 2021 Democratic
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