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Volcanoes of Kamchatka
UNESCO World Heritage site
Petropavlovsk Kamcatskij Volcan Koriacky in background.jpg
Koryaksky volcano rising above Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Location Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Includes
  1. Kronotsky Strict Nature Reserve
  2. Southern Kamchatka Wildlife Reserve
  3. Nalychevo Regional Nature Park
  4. Bystrinsky Regional Nature Park
  5. Southern Kamchatka Regional Nature Park
  6. Kluchevskoy Regional Nature Park
Criteria Natural: (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
Reference 765bis
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Extensions 2001
Area 3,830,200 ha (14,788 sq mi)
Coordinates 56°20′N 158°30′E / 56.333°N 158.5°E / 56.333; 158.5

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes situated on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, 29 of them still active. The peninsula has a high density of volcanoes and associated volcanic phenomena, with 29 active volcanoes being included in the six UNESCO World Heritage List sites in the volcanoes of Kamchatka group, most of them on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

Kronotsky volcano
Possibly the world's most perfect volcanic cone: the Kronotsky volcano
Kamchatka Volcanoes
This astronaut photograph illustrates some of the volcanoes on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula. 29 active volcanoes are included in six UNESCO World Heritage List sites. They are listed as the Volcanoes of Kamchatka group, and most of them are on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, including the 29 active ones.

The highest volcano is Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,750 m or 15,584 ft), the largest active volcano in the northern hemisphere. The most striking is Kronotsky, whose perfect cone was said by celebrated volcanologists Robert and Barbara Decker to be a prime candidate for the world's most beautiful volcano.

In the center of Kamchatka is Eurasia's world famous Geyser Valley which was partly destroyed by a massive mudslide in June 2007.

Deep seismic events and tsunamis are fairly common. Intense volcanism is caused by the subduction of the Pacific Plate. A pair of huge earthquakes occurred off the coast on October 16, 1737, and on November 4, 1952, in magnitudes ~9.3 and 8.2 respectively. More shallow earthquakes were recorded as recently as April 2006.


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