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Willacy County, Texas facts for kids

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Willacy County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Willacy County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1912
Seat Raymondville
Largest City Raymondville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

784 sq mi (2,031 km²)
591 sq mi (1,531 km²)
194 sq mi (502 km²), 25%
 - (2010)
 - Density

37/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: John G. Willacy

Willacy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,134. Its county seat is Raymondville. The county was created in 1911 and organized the next year.

Willacy County comprises the Raymondville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the BrownsvilleHarlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area.


Willacy County was formed in 1911 from parts of Cameron and Hidalgo counties and originally included what is now Kenedy County; it was named for state senator John G. Willacy. Kenedy was split from Willacy in 1921, when the long-settled ranchers of the northern (Kenedy) part of the county sought to separate from the newly arrived farmers of the southern part.

The Bermuda onion was introduced to Willacy County in 1912. It grew well and slowly displaced ranchland in the southern part of the county, becoming the most important crop. For many years the town of Raymondville held an annual Onion Festival, using the tag line, "The Breath of a Nation." In 1940, the first oil wells were sunk in the county's Willamar Oil Field; today oil production is a major part of the local economy, although increasingly eclipsed by natural gas. Also in the 1940s, sorghum was introduced to the county, gradually displacing cotton and other crops. Cattle ranching remains a substantial economic activity as well.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 784 square miles (2,030 km2), of which 591 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 194 square miles (500 km2) (25%) is water. It borders the Gulf of Mexico.

Major highways

  • I-69E.svg Interstate 69E (Under Construction)
  • US 77.svg U.S. Highway 77
  • Texas 186.svg State Highway 186
  • Texas FM 498.svg Farm to Market Road 498

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Padre Island National Seashore (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 10,499
1940 13,230 26.0%
1950 20,920 58.1%
1960 20,084 −4.0%
1970 15,570 −22.5%
1980 17,495 12.4%
1990 17,705 1.2%
2000 20,082 13.4%
2010 22,134 10.2%
Est. 2015 21,903 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,134 people residing in the county. 85.8% were White, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 9.3% of some other race and 1.8% of two or more races. 87.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,082 people, 5,584 households, and 4,584 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 6,727 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 7% White, 2.19% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 24.46% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. 85.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,584 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 16.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.90% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 18.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 105.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,114, and the median income for a family was $25,076. Males had a median income of $19,706 versus $15,514 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,421. About 29.20% of families and 33.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.00% of those under age 18 and 29.90% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it the fifth poorest county in the United States.

Historic sites

Willacy County has an entry on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Old Lyford High School in Lyford



Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Coordinates: 26°29′N 97°36′W / 26.49°N 97.60°W / 26.49; -97.60

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