Cameron County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cameron County, Texas
Seal of Cameron County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Cameron County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1848
Seat Brownsville
Largest City Brownsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,276 sq mi (3,305 km²)
891 sq mi (2,308 km²)
386 sq mi (1,000 km²), 30%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

406,220
456/sq mi (176/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.co.cameron.tx.us/
Named for: Ewen Cameron
County logo Logo of Cameron County, Texas

Cameron County, officially the County of Cameron, is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 406,220. Its county seat is Brownsville. The county was founded in 1848 and is named for Captain Ewen Cameron, a soldier during the Texas Revolution and in the ill-fated Mier Expedition.

Cameron County is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,276 square miles (3,300 km2), of which 891 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 386 square miles (1,000 km2) (30%) is water. To the east, the county borders the Gulf of Mexico.

Major highways

  • I-2.svg Interstate 2
  • I-69E.svg Interstate 69E
  • I-169.svg Interstate 169 (Under Construction)
  • US 77.svg U.S. Highway 77
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 4.svg State Highway 4
  • Texas 48.svg State Highway 48
  • Texas 100.svg State Highway 100
  • Texas 107.svg State Highway 107
  • Texas 345.svg State Highway 345
  • Toll Texas 550.svg State Highway 550

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected areas

  • Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 8,541
1860 6,028 −29.4%
1870 10,999 82.5%
1880 14,959 36.0%
1890 14,424 −3.6%
1900 16,095 11.6%
1910 27,158 68.7%
1920 36,662 35.0%
1930 77,540 111.5%
1940 83,202 7.3%
1950 125,170 50.4%
1960 151,098 20.7%
1970 140,368 −7.1%
1980 209,680 49.4%
1990 260,120 24.1%
2000 335,227 28.9%
2010 406,220 21.2%
Est. 2015 422,156 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2010, there were 406,220 people, 119,631 households, and 96,579 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 141,924 housing units at an average density of 132 per square mile (51/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.0% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 88.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 119,631 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 16.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,264, and the median income for a family was $33,770. Males had a median income of $21,410 versus $15,597 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,695. About 30.0% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

A 2000 Texas A&M study stated that of the residents of Cameron County, 43% do not have basic literacy skills.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Dancycourthouse
A picture of the Cameron County Courthouse (1912), the Dancy Building, in Brownsville, Texas which served as the County Courthouse before the construction of the current Courthouse. It was restored in 2006 and now houses County Court at Law No 1 as well as some county offices.

Village

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost town


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