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Yashwantrao Chavan
Yashwantrao Chavan.jpg
5th Deputy Prime Minister of India
In office
28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980
Prime Minister Charan Singh
Preceded by Charan Singh
Jagjivan Ram
Succeeded by Devi Lal
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980
Prime Minister Charan Singh
Preceded by Hirubhai M. Patel
Succeeded by Zail Singh
In office
14 November 1966 – 27 June 1970
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Gulzarilal Nanda
Succeeded by Indira Gandhi
Minister of External Affairs
In office
10 October 1974 – 24 March 1977
Preceded by Sardar Swaran Singh
Succeeded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Minister of Finance
In office
27 June 1970 – 10 October 1974
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Indira Gandhi
Succeeded by Chidambaram Subramaniam
Minister of Defence
In office
14 November 1962 – 14 November 1966
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Jawaharlal Nehru
Succeeded by Sardar Swaran Singh
1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
1 May 1960 – 14 November 1962
Governor Sri Prakasa
P. Subbarayan
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Marotrao Kannamwar
3rd Chief Minister of Bombay State
In office
1 November 1956 – 30 April 1960
Governor Harekrushna Mahatab
Sri Prakasa
Preceded by Morarji Desai
Succeeded by office abolished
Personal details
Born
Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan

(1913-03-12)12 March 1913
Karad, Satara district, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died 25 November 1984(1984-11-25) (aged 71)
New Delhi, India
Resting place Yashwantrao Chavan Samadhi, Karad
Political party Indian National Congress (Before 1977; 1981–1984)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress-Urs (1977)
Janata Party (1977–1978)
Indian National Congress-Socialist (1978–1981)
Spouse(s) Venutai Chavan
Alma mater University of Mumbai,ILS Law College
Y B Chavan
Chavan with his family.

Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 – 25 November 1984) was an Indian politician. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1979 to 1980. He was a strong Congress leader. He is also co-operative leader, social activist and writer. He was popularly known as Leader of Common People.

Early life

Yashwantrao Chavan was born in a Maratha family on 12 March 1913 in the village of Devrashtre in Satara District (now in Sangli District) of Maharashtra, India. He had three siblings. Chavan lost his father in his early childhood and was brought up by his uncle and mother.

Chavan was an active participant in the struggle for independence of India. As a schoolboy in Karad in 1930, he was fined for his participation in the Non-cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1932, he was sentenced to 18 months in prison for hoisting the Indian flag in Satara.

Death and legacy

Yashwantrao Chavan died of a heart attack on 25 November 1984 in Delhi. He was aged 71 years.

Legacy

  • Yashwantrao Chavan holds the record of being the only Maharashtrian leader. He held the 4 most important post in the Union government. They are Home, External Affairs, Defence and Finance.
  • When Yashwantrao was appointed Federal Defence minister following the China war in 1962, a popular saying arose in Maharashtra- "हिमालयाच्या हाकेला धावला सह्याद्री" ("Himalayachya Hakela Dhavla Sahyadri"), translated in English, Sahyadri (the mountain range that separates Konkan from the Deccan Plateau) came rushing on the call (for help) by the Himalaya.
  • During the 1960s and early 70s when Yashwantrao was at the peak of his power and influence, he was called Pratishivaji or New Shivaji.

Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishtan (Foundation)

  • In 1985, soon after his death,Yashwantrao Chavan Pratishtan (Foundation) was established in Bombay.
  • In 2010, The Pratishtan instituted a corpus at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) for the conduct of an annual Y B Chavan Memorial lecture. Yashwantrao was the founding President of IDSA. The inaugural lecture in 2010 was delivered by Prof. Sunil Khilnani. Prof. Kanti Bajpai, and Ambassador Kanwal Sibal delivered the 2011 and 2012 lectures respectively

Places named after Yashwantrao Chavan

  • In 1980, Ujjani Back water named Yashwant Sagar on Bhima River village Ujjani in Solapur district.
  • In 1984, an engineering college named Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering was established in Nagpur.
  • In 1989, an open university named 'Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University' was established at Nasik in Maharashtra. The expressway between Pune and Mumbai is named after him as are the auditoriums in the Kothrud suburb of Pune, at Nariman Point in Mumbai and the Town Hall in Karad.
  • Yashwantrao Chavan Memorial hospital in Sant Tukaram Nagar area of Pimpri is named after him.
  • Shivaji University, Kolhapur has established 'Yashwantrao Chavan School of Rural Development'.
  • In 2009, the Mumbai Pune Expressway, India's first Express-Way, was named Yashwantrao Chavan Mumbai-Pune Express-Way.
Political offices
New office Chief Ministers of Maharashtra
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Marotrao Kannamwar
Preceded by
Jawaharlal Nehru
Minister of Defence
1962–1966
Succeeded by
Sardar Swaran Singh
Preceded by
Gulzarilal Nanda
Minister of Home Affairs
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Indira Gandhi
Preceded by
Indira Gandhi
Minister of Finance
1971–1974
Succeeded by
Chidambaram Subramaniam
Preceded by
Sardar Swaran Singh
Minister of External Affairs
1974–1977
Succeeded by
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by
Charan Singh
Deputy Prime Minister of India
1979–1980
Succeeded by
Devi Lal
Preceded by
Jagjivan Ram
Preceded by
Hirubhai M. Patel
Minister of Home Affairs
1979–1980
Succeeded by
Zail Singh
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